Outbreak of Salmonella Infections Linked to Ground Beef

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Published on November 19, 2019 at 12:15 PM ET

CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS)external icon are investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Dublin infections linked to ground beef.

This investigation is ongoing and CDC will update the public as more information becomes available.

Recall and Advice to Consumers, Restaurants, and Retailers
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At A Glance
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  • On November 15, 2019, Central Valley Meat Co. in Hanford, Calif., recalledexternal icon 34,222 pounds of ground beef that may be contaminated with Salmonella Dublin.
    • Recalled beef was produced on July 23, 2019, and shipped to retail locations in California.
    • Products are labeled pdf icon[PDF – 5 pages]external icon as Stater Bros Ground Beef brand with the establishment number “EST. 6063A.”
  • Do not eat recalled ground beef. Check your home for it, including your freezer. Return it to the store or throw it away.
    • If you don’t know if the ground beef you have at home was recalled, contact the store where it was purchased to find out if it was recalled.
    • Restaurants and retailers should not serve or sell recalled beef and should check food storage and freezers for it.
    • If possible, retailers who received recalled beef should contact their customers to alert them of the recall.
  • Never try to cook recalled meat to make it safe.
  • At this time, a single supplier, distributor, or brand of ground beef has not been identified that can account for all the illnesses in this outbreak.
  • When preparing ground beef that has not been recalled, consumers and restaurants should always handle and cook it safely to avoid foodborne illness.
  • CDC is not advising that consumers stop eating thoroughly cooked ground beef, or that retailers stop selling ground beef that has not been recalled.
Latest Outbreak Information
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  • Eleven people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Dublin have been reported from seven states.
    • Eight ill people were hospitalized, including one death reported from California.
  • Epidemiologic, traceback, and laboratory evidence indicate that contaminated ground beef is the likely source of this outbreak.
    • In interviews, ill people report eating different types and brands of ground beef purchased from many different locations.
    • Laboratory testing identified the outbreak strain of Salmonella Dublin in repackaged leftover ground beef collected from an ill person’’’s home in California.
  • On November 15, 2019, Central Valley Meat Co. in Hanford, Calif., recalledexternal icon 34,222 pounds of ground beef products that may be contaminated with Salmonella Dublin.
  • This outbreak investigation is ongoing and CDC will update the public if more information becomes available.
Symptoms of Salmonella Infection
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  • Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps 6 hours to 4 days after being exposed to the bacteria.
  • The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most people recover without treatment.
  • In some people, the illness may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and then to other places in the body.
  • Children younger than 5 years, adults 65 years and older, and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.
Investigation Details

November 19, 2019

Since the last update on November 1, 2019, one additional ill person has been reported from Washington. As of November 19, 2019, a total of 11 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Dublin have been reported from seven states. A list of the states and the number of cases in each can be found on the Map of Reported Cases page.

Illnesses started on dates ranging from August 8, 2019, to October 20, 2019. Ill people range in age from 39 to 74 years, with a median age of 66. Seventy-three percent of ill people are male. Of nine ill people with information available, eight (89%) were hospitalized. One death has been reported in California. In five (45%) ill people, Salmonella was found in samples of blood, which indicates their illnesses may have been more severe. Salmonella Dublin is known to commonly cause more severe illnesses than other Salmonella strains, particularly in older people.

Illnesses might not yet be reported due to the time it takes between when someone becomes ill and when the illness is reported. This takes an average of 2 to 4 weeks. Please see the Timeline for Reporting Cases of Salmonella Infection for more details.

Investigation of the Outbreak

USDA-FSIS and state partners traced the source of some of the ground beef eaten by one ill person in this outbreak to Central Valley Meat Co., Inc.  On November 15, 2019, Central Valley Meat Co., Inc. recalledexternal icon 34,222 pounds of ground beef produced that may be contaminated with Salmonella Dublin.

At this time, a single supplier, distributor, or brand of ground beef has not been identified that can account for all the illnesses in this outbreak. The investigation is ongoing and CDC will update the public if more information becomes available.

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