Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Small Turtles

Illustration with a microscope and text reading Investigation Notice

Updated November 16, 2022

This outbreak investigation is over. Turtles of any size can carry Salmonella germs that can spread to you and make you sick. Don’t buy turtles with shells less than 4 inches long, and always take steps to stay healthy around your pet turtles.

Fast Facts
  • Illnesses: 28
  • Hospitalizations: 10
  • Deaths: 0
  • States: 16
  • Investigation status: Closed
Turtles and Salmonella

A federal law bans the sale and distribution of turtles with shells less than 4 inches long as pets because they have caused many illnesses. However, these turtles can sometimes be found illegally online and at stores, flea markets, and roadside stands.

Pet turtles of any size can carry Salmonella germs in their droppings even if they look healthy and clean. These germs can easily spread to their bodies, tank water, and anything in the area where they live and roam.

You can get sick from touching a turtle or anything in its environment and then touching your mouth or food with unwashed hands and swallowing Salmonella germs.

CDC continues to advise people not to buy small turtles with shells less than 4 inches long, including from online retailers such as

What You Should Do

If you are thinking of getting a pet turtle:

  • Only buy turtles with shells longer than 4 inches and buy them from a reputable pet store
    • Reputable pet stores do not sell turtles with shells less than 4 inches long.
  • Pick the right pet for your family
    • Pet turtles are not recommended for children younger than 5, adults aged 65 and older, and people with weakened immune systems. These people are more likely to get a serious illness from germs that turtles can carry.

Always take these steps to stay healthy around your pet turtle:

  • Wash your hands
    • Always wash hands thoroughly with soap and water right after touching or feeding your turtle and after touching or cleaning the area where it lives and roams.
    • Adults should make sure young children are washing their hands properly.
  • Play safely
    • Don’t kiss or snuggle your turtle, and don’t eat or drink around it. This can spread Salmonella germs to your mouth and make you sick.
    • Keep your turtle out of your kitchen and other areas where you eat, store, or prepare food.
  • Keep things clean
    • Clean your turtle supplies outside the house, if possible. These supplies may include its tank, toys, and feeders.
    • If you clean the supplies indoors, don’t clean them in the kitchen or other areas where you eat or prepare food. Use a laundry sink or bathtub, and thoroughly clean and disinfect the area right after.

Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these severe Salmonella symptoms:

  • Diarrhea and a fever higher than 102°F
  • Diarrhea for more than 3 days that is not improving
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • So much vomiting that you cannot keep liquids down
  • Signs of dehydration, such as:
    • Not peeing much
    • Dry mouth and throat
    • Feeling dizzy when standing up

If you decide pet turtles are not the right fit for your family:

  • Don’t release your turtle outside
    • Call your local reptile rescue, animal shelter, or pet store about options for safely rehoming your turtle.
    • Releasing pets into the wild can disrupt wildlife and may be prohibited by law in certain states.
What Businesses Should Do
  • Do not sell or distribute turtles with shells less than 4 inches long.
    • A federal law bans the sale and distribution of these turtles as pets.
  • Educate customers about how to stay healthy around turtles.
    • This poster provides information on how to stay healthy around turtles.
    • Consider putting the poster right by the turtle area and giving a copy to customers who are buying them.
  • Learn more about how to protect your customers and employees from Salmonella and other diseases shared between animals and humans.
Symptoms of Salmonella
  • Most people infected with Salmonella experience diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps.
    • Symptoms usually start 6 hours to 6 days after swallowing the bacteria.
    • Most people recover without treatment after 4 to 7 days.
  • Some people – especially children younger than 5 years, adults 65 years and older, and people with weakened immune systems – may experience more severe illnesses that require medical treatment or hospitalization.
  • For more information about Salmonella, see the Salmonella Questions and Answers page.