Congenital malformations of the nervous system: neural tube defects

Neural tube defects

Neural tube defects detailed illustration

Anencephaly

Anencephaly

Craniorachischisis

Craniorachischisis

Craniorachischisis

Craniorachischisis

Craniorachischisis

Craniorachischisis

Iniencephaly

Iniencephaly

Frontal Encephalocele

Frontal Encephalocele

Frontal Encephalocele

Nasofrontal encephalocele

Nasofrontal encephalocele

Occipital Encephalocele

Occipital Encephalocele

Parietal Encephalocele

Parietal Encephalocele

Orbital Encephalocele

Orbital Encephalocele

Nasal Encephalocele

Nasal Encephalocele

Cervical Spina Bifida

Cervical Spina Bifida

Cervical Spina Bifida

Cervical Spina Bifida

Cervical spina bifida with hydrocephalus

Cervical spina bifida without hydrocephalus

Thoracic Spina Bifida

Thoracic Spina Bifida

Thoracic spina bifida with hydrocephalus

Thoracic spina bifida without hydrocephalus

Lumbar Spina Bifida

Lumbar Spina Bifida

Lumbar Spina Bifida

Lumbar spina bifida with hydrocephalus

Lumbar spina bifida without hydrocephalus

Sacral Spina Bifida

Sacral Spina Bifida

Sacral spina bifida with hydrocephalus

Sacral spina bifida without hydrocephalus

  1. Source: adapted, with permsiion from the publisher, from Botto et al. N. Engl. J. Med. 1999;341:1509–19.
  2. Photograph source: courtesy of CDC-Beijing Medical University collaborative project.
  3. Photograph source: courtesy of Jaime Frías, MD, USA.
  4. Photograph source: courtesy of Registro Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas Argentina (RENAC), Centro Nacional de Genética Médica, ANLIS, Ministerio de Salud de la Nación.
  5. Photograph source: courtesy of Estudio Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformaciones Congénitas (ECLAMC).
  6. Photograph source: courtesy of Idalina Montes, MD and Rafael Longo, MD, FACS, Puerto Rico.