Module 4: Introduction to Diagnosis of Selected Congenital Anomalies


By the end of this module, participants will be able to:

  • describe basic congenital anomaly characteristics;
  • describe features and subtypes of selected congenital anomalies;
  • recognize and differentiate the various types of spina bifida;
  • recognize omphalocele and differentiate it from gastroschisis;
  • recognize and differentiate the various types of limb reduction defects (limb deficiencies).

Note: This module is linked to Chapter 4 of WHO/CDC/ICBDSR Birth defects surveillance: a manual for programme managers.

Evaluation Questions 4
  1. Which of the following is preferred when collecting congenital anomalies surveillance data?
  2. Which of the following is NOT considered  a neural tube defect?
  3. Which of the following describe a type of anencephaly?
  4. Which of the following is a sessile cystic lesion protruding through a defect in the skull that may contain herniated meninges and brain tissue and is commonly located in the occipital region, except in South-East Asia, where it is commonly anterior?
  5. How do the clinical presentations of omphalocele and gastroschisis differ?