Fungal Eye Infections Risk & Prevention

Who gets fungal eye infections?

Anyone can get a fungal eye infection. These infections usually are linked to one of these situations:1,2

  • Eye injury, particularly with plant material (for example, thorns or sticks)
  • Eye surgery (such as corneal transplant surgery or cataract surgery)
  • Chronic eye disease involving the surface of the eye
  • Wearing contact lenses
  • Exposure to contaminated medical products that come in contact with the eye
  • Fungal bloodstream infection (like candidemia)

Also, people who have diabetes, weakened immune system, or use corticosteroids may be more likely to develop fungal eye infections than other people.3,4

How can I prevent a fungal eye infection?

  1. Thomas PA, Kaliamurthy J. Mycotic keratitis: epidemiology, diagnosis and management. Clin Microbiol Infect 2013;19:210-20.
  2. Bharathi MJ, Ramakrishnan R, Vasu S, Meenakshi R, Palaniappan R. Epidemiological characteristics and laboratory diagnosis of fungal keratitis. A three-year study. Indian J Ophthalmol 2003;51:315-21.
  3. Weissman BA, Mondino BJ. Risk factors for contact lens associated microbial keratitis. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2002 Mar;25(1):3-9.
  4. Keay LJ, Gower EW, Iovieno A, Oechsler RA, Alfonso EC, Matoba A, et al. Clinical and microbiological characteristics of fungal keratitis in the United States, 2001-2007: a multicenter study. Ophthalmology. 2011 May;118(5):920-6.