Types of Fungal Diseases
Learn about fungal diseases to keep yourself safe and healthy.
Most common fungal diseases
Common infections of the fingernails or toenails.
Caused by the yeast Candida, also called a “vaginal yeast infection.”
Fungal diseases that affect people who live in or travel to certain areas
Caused by the fungus Blastomyces, which lives in moist soil in parts of the United States and Canada.
Caused by Cryptococcus gattii, which lives in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world, the United States Pacific Northwest, and British Columbia.
Caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides, which lives in parts of Central and South America and most often affects men who work outdoors in rural areas.
Fungal diseases that affect people with weakened immune systems
Weakened immune systems can’t fight off infections as well, due to conditions such as HIV, cancer, organ transplants, or certain medications.
An infection caused by Aspergillus, a common mold that lives indoors and outdoors.
Emerging, often multidrug-resistant fungus found in healthcare settings that presents a serious global health threat.
A serious infection that can affect the blood, heart, brain, eyes, bones, and other parts of the body in hospitalized patients.
A serious infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii.
Candida normally lives inside the body and on the skin without causing any problems, but can cause infections if it grows out of control or if it enters deep into the body.
Can infect the brain, causing meningitis, and is more likely to affect people with HIV/AIDS.
A rare but serious infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes.
Caused by Taloromyces, a fungus that lives in Southeast Asia, southern China, or eastern India.
Other diseases and health problems caused by fungi
Rare infections that can develop after an eye injury or after eye surgery.
Caused by the fungus Sporothrix, which lives throughout the world in soil and on plants.