Candidiasis

 

Photomicrograph of the fungus <em>Candida albicans</em>
Photomicrograph of the fungus Candida albicans

Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by yeasts that belong to the genus Candida.  Some of the hundreds of Candida species can cause infection in humans; the most common is Candida albicans. Candida normally lives inside the body (in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina) and on the skin without causing any problems. Candida yeasts can cause infections if they grow out of control or if they enter deep into the body (for example, the bloodstream or internal organs like the kidney, heart, or brain).

Candidiasis that develops in the mouth or throat is called “thrush” or oropharyngeal candidiasis. Candidiasis in the vagina is commonly referred to as a “yeast infection.” Invasive candidiasis occurs when Candida species enter the bloodstream and affect internal organs like the kidney, heart, or brain. Click the links below for more information on the different types of Candida infections.

Click here to read more about the emerging, drug-resistant Candida species, C. auris

Global Emergence of Candida auris

Candida auris is an emerging fungus that presents a serious global health threat. Healthcare facilities in several countries have reported that C. auris has caused severe illness in hospitalized patients. C. auris is often resistant to multiple antifungal drugs.