NIOSH Training for Nurses on Shift Work and Long Work Hours
Other Sources of Information about Work Schedules and Sleep
Here are a few of the many excellent resources on work schedules and sleep.
Finding a Sleep Disorders Specialist or Accredited Sleep Disorders Center
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)external icon
Professional information on AASM-accredited center and laboratory members. Verify accreditation status by contacting the AASM National Office at (630) 737-9700 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
- American Board of Sleep Medicine
external iconClick on “Verification of Diplomates” for names of board certified sleep specialists.
- American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine (AADSM)
external iconA searchable directory of dentists who specialize in treating certain sleep problems.
Free or Low-Cost Resources
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
- NIOSH Work Schedule topic page:
- Booklet: Plain Language About Shiftwork
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 1997-145
- Companion fact sheet: Work-related Roadway Crashes – Prevention Strategies for Employerspdf icon
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-136
- Companion fact sheet: Work-related Roadway Crashes – Who’s at Risk?pdf icon
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-137
Other U.S. Government Departments
- Booklet: Your Guide to Healthy Sleepexternal icon
NIH Publication No. 11-5271  National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Poster: Sleep Infographic. Sleep Disorders & Insufficient Sleep: Improving Health through Researchexternal icon
(can be printed on legal size paper, 8.5 by 14 inches)
- Information site: Get Enough Sleepexternal icon
- High school curriculum: Sleep, sleep disorders, and biological rhythmspdf iconexternal icon
BSCS Development Team. NIH publication #04-4989.
- Topic page: Sleep and Sleep Disorders
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Healthy People 2020: Sleep Healthexternal icon
National Sleep Foundationexternal icon
Web pages with information on sleep topics:
- NOVA, 2007external icon
- 60 Minutes, June 15, 2008: Sleep researchers examine consequences of sleep deprivationexternal icon
Books (may be available at public libraries)
- Epstein LJ, Mardon S . The Harvard Medical School guide to a good night’s sleep. New York: McGraw Hill.
- Hirshkowitz M, Smith PB . Sleep disorders for dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- American Nurses Association Position Statement – ‘Addressing nurse fatigue to promote safety and health: Joint responsibilities of registered nurses and employers to reduce risks’ (2014). Access available to ANA membersexternal icon.
Selected Scientific Papers on Countermeasures
- Caldwell JA, Mallis MM, Caldwell JL, Paul MA, Miller JC, Neri DF, Aerospace Medical Association Fatigue Countermeasures Subcommittee of the Aerospace Human Factors Committee . Fatigue countermeasures in aviation. Aviat Space Environ Med 80(1):29–59.
- Lerman SE, Eskin E, Flower DJ, George EC, Gerson B, Hartenbaum N, et al. . Fatigue risk management in the workplace. J Occup Environ Med 54:231–258.
- Lowden A, Moreno C, Holmbäck U, Lennernäs M, Tucker P . Eating and shift work: effects on habits, metabolism and performance. Scand J Work Environ Health 362:150–162.
- Monk TH . What can the chronobiologist do to help the shift worker? J Biol Rhythms 15:86–94.
- Morgenthaler TI, Lee-Chiong T, Alessi C, Friedman L, Aurora RN, Boehlecke B, Brown T, Chesson AL, Kapur V, Maganti R, Owens J, Pancer J, Swick TJ, Zak R . Practice parameters for the clinical evaluation and treatment of circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Sleep 30:1445–1459.
- Pallesen S, Bjorvatn B, Mageroy N, et al. . Measures to counteract the negative effects of night work. Scand J Work Environ Health 36(2):109–120.
- Revell VL, Eastman CI . How to trick mother nature into letting you fly around or stay up all night. J Biol Rhythms 20:353–365.
- Sack RL, Auckley D, Auger RR, Carskadon MA, Wright KP, Vitiello MV, Zhdanova I . Circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Part 1: basic principles, shift work and jet lag disorders. Sleep 30:1460–1483.
- Smith M, Eastman CI . Shift work: health, performance and safety problems, traditional countermeasures, and innovative management strategies to reduce circadian misalignment. Nature Sci Sleep 4:111–132.
Selected Reviews of Literature Concerning Risks of Shift Work and Long Work Hours
- Caruso CC, Hitchcock EM, Dick RB, Russo JM, Schmit JM . Overtime and extended work shifts: recent findings on illnesses, injuries, and health behaviors. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2004-143. Cincinnati, OH: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
- Costa G, Haus E, Stevens R . Shift work and cancer: considerations on rationale, mechanisms, and epidemiology. Scand J Work Environ Health 36:163–179.
- The Institute of Medicine . Keeping patients safe: transforming the work environment of nurses. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
- Knauth P . Extended work periods. Ind Health 45(1): 125–136.
- Knutson A & Bøggild H . Gastrointestinal disorders among shift workers. Scand J Work Environ Health 36(2):85–95.
- Puttonen S, Harma M, Hublin C . Shift work and cardiovascular disease: pathways from circadian stress to morbidity. Scand J Work Environ Health 36(2):96–108.
Selected Papers on Design of Work Schedules
- Folkard S, Lombardi DA . Modeling the impact of the components of long work hours on injuries and ‘accidents’. Am J Ind Med 49:953–963.
- Knauth P, Hornberger S . Preventive and compensatory measures for shift workers. Occup Med (Oxford) 53:109–116.
- Rosa RR, Colligan MJ . Plain language about shiftwork. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 1997-145. Cincinnati, OH: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
- Sallinen M, Kecklund G . Shift work, sleep, and sleepiness: differences between shift schedules and systems. Scand J Work Environ Health 36(2):121–133.