Sierra Leone Country Profile

Sierra Leone country

Sierra Leone Country Profile

Discover more about CDC’s work in Sierra Leone by viewing our detailed country profile

Country Overview

CDC began supporting Sierra Leone’s HIV response in 2008. In 2015, after CDC’s support of the nation’s Ebola epidemic response, a permanent country office was established in partnership with the Government of Sierra Leone through the Ministry of Health and Sanitation. CDC focuses on implementing effective prevention programs by improving HIV testing and preventing mother-to-child transmission; strengthening surveillance and program monitoring and evaluation; improving care and treatment services including HIV and tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and antiretroviral treatment; enhancing point-of-care laboratory testing for drug-resistant TB and HIV/TB co-infection; and building high-quality laboratory systems to support HIV and TB testing.

Per Capita GNI



Population (million)



Under 5 Mortality

104.7/1,000 Live Births


Life Expectancy

60 Years


Estimated HIV Prevalence


(Ages 15-49): (2022)

Estimated AIDS Deaths


(Age≥15) (2022)

TB Treatment Success Rate



Estimated TB Incidence



Estimated Orphans Due to AIDS



TB patients with known HIV-status who are HIV-positive



Reported Number Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)


(Age≥15) (2022)


Tracking PEPFAR Impact Toward Global Targets

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) works with partners including host countries, local implementing partners, faith-based organizations, and other community-based organizations to measure progress towards HIV epidemic control in countries supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

15 years, saving lives through American generosity and partnerships

Vital Signs: Global HIV Communications Toolkit

In 2003, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR, was announced. When it was launched, PEPFAR became the largest commitment by any nation to address a single disease in history. At the time, HIV was a global crisis, devastating families, communities, and economies worldwide—particularly in sub-Saharan African countries.

15 years, saving lives through American generosity and partnerships

CDC On the Frontlines

Over the past 20 years, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has saved millions of lives as a leader in the global response to two of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases – HIV and TB. As a key implementing agency of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC is at the forefront of these global efforts to treat and prevent these diseases.