Sierra Leone Country Profile
CDC began supporting Sierra Leone’s HIV response in 2008. In 2015, after CDC’s support of the nation’s Ebola epidemic response, a permanent country office was established in partnership with the Government of Sierra Leone through the Ministry of Health and Sanitation. CDC focuses on implementing effective prevention programs by improving HIV testing and preventing mother-to-child transmission; strengthening surveillance and program monitoring and evaluation; improving care and treatment services including HIV and tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and antiretroviral treatment; enhancing point-of-care laboratory testing for drug-resistant TB and HIV/TB co-infection; and building high-quality laboratory systems to support HIV and TB testing.
Per Capita GNI
Under 5 Mortality
104.7/1,000 Live Births
Estimated HIV Prevalence
(Ages 15-49): (2022)
Estimated AIDS Deaths
TB Treatment Success Rate
Estimated TB Incidence
Estimated Orphans Due to AIDS
TB patients with known HIV-status who are HIV-positive
Reported Number Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) works with partners including host countries, local implementing partners, faith-based organizations, and other community-based organizations to measure progress towards HIV epidemic control in countries supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
In 2003, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR, was announced. When it was launched, PEPFAR became the largest commitment by any nation to address a single disease in history. At the time, HIV was a global crisis, devastating families, communities, and economies worldwide—particularly in sub-Saharan African countries.
Over the past 20 years, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has saved millions of lives as a leader in the global response to two of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases – HIV and TB. As a key implementing agency of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC is at the forefront of these global efforts to treat and prevent these diseases.