Key Activities and Accomplishments
Strengthening Laboratories: CDC collaborates with NACO in the quality assessment of all national and state HIV reference laboratories. With CDC assistance, 75 national and state reference laboratories have received International Organization for Standardization (ISO) accreditation.
National Surveillance Systems: CDC ensures the quality of HIV Annual Sentinel Surveillance in collaboration with NACO and other local partners; provides technical assistance for nationwide integrated biological and behavioral surveillance of key populations; and assists in rolling out a national Strategic Information Management System.
TB/HIV: CDC supports the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) and the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) in rolling out single-window services through antiretroviral therapy (ART) centers to prevent and manage TB in people living with HIV. Its collaborative research is enhancing understanding of MDR TB strains circulating in India and improving the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of MDR TB in Mumbai.
North East Program: CDC is implementing Project Sunrise to accelerate the HIV/AIDS response among people who inject drugs (PWID) to achieve HIV epidemic control in the high-burden states of the North East region, and improves access to care for Key Populations (KP) through co-location treatment models.
HIV Treatment: CDC works closely with NACO in the development of revised comprehensive technical and operational guidelines; improves the quality of care and retention at ART centers through staff training and mentoring; innovates differentiated service delivery models for national scale-up; strengthens the quality of recording and reporting data supporting clinical and programmatic decisions; supports Treat All through development of national procedures for initiating ART; and advocates for universal testing among pregnant women, partner testing, and improved program monitoring.
TB (non-PEPFAR): In partnership with RNTCP, CDC’s key TB activities include: providing culture and drug susceptibility testing for all rifampin-resistant cases in select districts; working with a public-private interface agency to improve MDR TB diagnosis and treatment in the private sector; support adherence counselling for improved treatment outcomes among MDR TB patients; establishing an airborne infection control units to prevent TB transmission in health care facilities; developing communities of practice and strengthening clinical capacity of local providers through Extensions for Community Health Outcomes (ECHOTM) tele-mentoring; facilitating Xpert® MTB/RIF proficiency testing and technology transfer; conducting next generation sequencing to study transmission amongst MDR TB patients and their contacts; building a strong laboratory network of quality assurance through the Laboratory Quality Improvement and Accreditation Mentoring Program; and using and linking surveillance and laboratory data to more effectively target populations and locations for enhanced TB response.