Nicaragua Country Profile

Nicaragua Country Profile

Discover more about CDC’s work in Nicaragua by viewing our detailed country profilepdf icon

Country Overview

Since 2003, CDC’s Central America Regional Office has partnered with the region’s Ministries of Health (MOHs) and the Council of Health Ministers of Central America to respond to the HIV epidemic. CDC’s collaboration with these regional partners is focused on strengthening both strategic information and prevention strategies targeting key populations as well as improving the quality of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) treatment services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). CDC also supports these countries to achieve the World Health Organization (WHO) End TB Strategy in the context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Agenda.

Per Capita GNI

$2,130

(2017)

Population (million)

6.217

(2017)

Under 5 Mortality

20/1,000 Live Births

(2016)

Life Expectancy

75 Years

(2016)

Estimated HIV Prevalence

0.2%

(Ages 15-49) (2017)

Estimated AIDS Deaths

<500

(2017)

TB Treatment Success Rate

87%

(2015)

Estimated TB Incidence

48/100,000

(2016)

TB patients with known HIV-status who are HIV-positive

5%

(2016)

Reported Number Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)

4,200

(2017)


Strategic Focus

Since 2003, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-Brazil has played a critical role in lending expertise and partnering with the Ministry of Health’s (MOH) Secretariat of Health Surveillance to promote the use of new and innovative technologies to control the country’s HIV epidemic and build sustainable programs. CDC Brazil is dedicated to building important public health and diplomatic relationships between the Governments of Brazil and the United States in health prevention and promotion.

Strengthening Public Health Platforms: CDC provides technical leadership and direct assistance to the MOH to enhance HIV programming, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), epidemiological surveillance, and laboratory services. CDC leads and supports research and trainings, knowledge exchanges, and decentralization of HIV services to the health care network through training and hands-on support.

Expanding HIV Testing and Linkage to Treatment among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): CDC provides technical support to strengthen the local response to HIV/AIDS. In partnership with the National Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI), AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Department, CDC-Brazil implements projects, studies and programs to introduce innovation and provide further evidence on successful approaches targeting key populations, and particularly MSM.

Key Activities and Accomplishments

HIV Testing: Collaborating with selected state and municipal health departments in Paraná and São Paulo states, in addition to a variety of civil society organizations, CDC supports HIV self-testing among MSM through distribution of oral fluid-based tests using a web-based request-and-delivery system. CDC and its partners work to increase MSM access to HIV pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis and to diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. All communication strategies are focused on young MSM.

HIV Surveillance: CDC provides technical assistance (TA) to develop tools for outlining key stages of engagement in the continuum of HIV treatment, data collection, analysis and use for decision-making. The Curitiba Health Secretariat is developing the first ever MSM-specific continuum of care in country. CDC also provides TA to HIV prevalence estimations among key populations in Brazil.

Tuberculosis: CDC works closely with the National Tuberculosis Program (NTP) on select shared priorities. Currently, the NTP and CDC are planning a survey of catastrophic costs associated with TB as well capacity building in TB infection control and prevention.


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CDC study provides new evidence that Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis is set to rise in some of the world’s highest burden countries.

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TB is the #1 killer of people living with HIV. TB preventative treatment protects those with HIV from contracting TB Disease. It’s effective, It’s affordable. It saves lives.

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The latest PHIA analyses show that CDC, through PEPFAR, and partners are playing and essential role in helping to save lives & transform some of the world’s most severe HIV epidemics

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Page last reviewed: September 20, 2018, 03:10 PM