NCEZID Around The World: Impact Highlights

Section of a wheel with words - Indonesia ACTION: Detecting emerging viruses causing illness


Indonesia is universally acknowledged as a likely hot spot for emerging, vector-borne viruses with pandemic potential. In 2012, NCEZID began helping Indonesia build its first molecular laboratory for diagnosing emerging viruses, now one of the best in Southeast Asia. It made the first confirmations of West Nile and Zika viruses in the archipelago, alerting officials to potential outbreaks. Now CDC and Indonesia are building a surveillance system around this new lab capacity to determine which vector-borne viruses are making people sick and stop them before disease spreads.

Section of a wheel with words - Cameroon ACTION: Improving local response to monkeypox


In 2016, NCEZID scientists trained their Cameroon colleagues to detect, test, and control monkeypox, caused by a virus in the same genus as the virus that causes smallpox. This training was applied a few months later when a serious outbreak of monkeypox surfaced among chimps at a primate conservation center. NCEZID deployed epidemiologists to assist Cameroon in their effective containment of the virus. Our recommendations led to better infection control to ensure that any future outbreaks are contained quickly and safely.

Section of a wheel with words - Ethiopia ACTION: Prioritizing and preventing deadly zoonotic diseases that can affect US communities


In 2015, NCEZID facilitated a workshop in Ethiopia to assist government officials in prioritizing the 5 zoonotic diseases of greatest national concern. Using workshop results, Ethiopia is creating and implementing strategies to address the prioritized diseases and establishing proven prevention programs, such as vaccine programs. We continue to work with Ethiopia on prevention and control for these dangerous pathogens to ensure that future outbreaks are contained quickly before they cross borders.

Section of a wheel with words - Uganda ACTION: Successful control of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) outbreaks (like Ebola)


In 2010, NCEZID and partners established the first national viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) surveillance and lab program in Uganda. This lab allows quicker testing so response teams can be deployed rapidly. In the 10 years prior to the program, only 3 VHF outbreaks were detected, with an average of 187 cases per outbreak. Since the program began, 10 outbreaks, including Ebola, Marburg, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and Rift Valley fever, have been detected with an average of only 7 cases per outbreak. This program has dramatically improved Uganda’s capacity to detect and respond to VHFs, reducing illness and saving lives.

Section of a wheel with words - Around the World ACTION: Protecting Americans by developing guidelines for medical screening of people coming to live in the United States.

Around the World

Medical screening for people before coming to live in the United States saves money and protects their health, and that of American communities. NCEZID develops the guidelines for the medical exams that are required for all US-bound immigrants and refugees.

Section of a wheel with words - India ACTION: Combatting antimicrobial resistant germs that can cross borders


NCEZID and India are laying the foundation for stopping the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). In 2016, CDC helped expand national AMR surveillance to 13 labs in India and helped institutions within India measure AMR trends, prevent healthcare-associated infections, and improve antibiotic use. Data from the labs and networks will inform India’s national treatment guidelines, a critical step for combating AMR. These efforts lay the foundation for long-term, data-driven programs to stop the spread of AMR in India.

Section of a wheel with words - Brazil ACTION: Conclusive evidence confirming a link between Zika and microcephaly during the early days of the 2015 Zika virus epidemic


NCEZID quickly developed two new tests that could detect Zika virus in tissues. In late 2015, tissue samples from two newborns who died within hours of birth and two miscarriages were submitted to CDC from Brazil. NCEZID scientists used the new tests to confirm the tissues were positive for Zika. This evidence led CDC to conclude that Zika causes microcephaly, and embark on critical research to protect pregnant women in the U.S. and around the world.

Section of a wheel with words - Sierra Leone ACTION: Stronger infection control to prevent disease spread across borders

Sierra Leone

During the 2014 Ebola outbreak, NCEZID worked with Sierra Leone to fast-track development of a national program to decrease the spread of Ebola in healthcare facilities. The program’s success led Sierra Leone to bolster 25 government hospitals and 14 districts with trained infection prevention staff, ensuring that infection prevention and control remain a priority in healthcare.