HIV and Women: HIV Diagnoses

HIV diagnoses is one of the six Ending the HIV Epidemic in the U.S. indicators. HIV diagnoses refers to the number of people who received an HIV diagnosis during a given year. Womena accounted for 19% (6,999) of the 36,801 new HIV diagnoses in the US and dependent areasb in 2019.

EHE goal: decrease the number of new HIV diagnoses to 9,588 and 3,000 by 2030.
Among new HIV diagnoses in the US in 2019, 19 percent were among women.
New HIV Diagnoses Among Women by Transmission Category in the US and Dependent Areas, 2019*
Most new HIV diagnoses among women were attributed to heterosexual contact.
Bar chart compares new HIV diagnoses in 2019 among women through heterosexual contact, injection drug use, and other means.

* Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people. For more information about transgender people, visit CDC’s HIV and Transgender People web content. 
† Includes perinatal exposure, blood transfusion, hemophilia, and risk factors not reported or not identified.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.

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New HIV Diagnoses Among Women by Age in the US and Dependent Areas, 2019*
Women aged 25 to 34 had the highest number of new HIV diagnoses.
Bar chart compares new HIV diagnoses among women by age in 2019.

Total may not equal 100% due to rounding.
* Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people. For more information about transgender people, visit CDC’sHIV and Transgender People web content.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.

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New HIV Diagnoses Among Women by Race/Ethnicity in the US and Dependent Areas, 2019*
Black/African American women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV.
Bar chart compares new HIV diagnoses in 2019 among women by race.

* Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people. For more information about transgender people, visit CDC’s HIV and Transgender People web content.
Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America.
‡ Hispanic/Latina women can be of any race.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.

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HIV diagnoses decreased 6% among women overall from 2015 to 2019. Although trends varied for different groups of women, HIV diagnoses declined for groups most affected by HIV, including Black/African American women and young women aged 13 to 24.

HIV Diagnoses Among Women in the US and Dependent Areas, 2015-2019*
Chart shows trends by age for HIV diagnoses among women from 2015 to 2019.

Chart shows trends by race/ethnicity for HIV diagnoses among women from 2015 to 2019.

* Based on sex assigned at birth and includes transgender people. For more information about transgender people, visit CDC’s HIV and Transgender People web content.
Black refers to people having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. African American is a term often used for people of African descent with ancestry in North America.
‡ Hispanic/Latina women can be of any race.
** Changes in subpopulations with fewer HIV diagnoses can lead to a large percentage increase or decrease.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.

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Cisgender: A person whose sex assigned at birth is the same as their gender identity or expression.

Gender expression: A person’s outward presentation of their gender (for example, how they dress).

Gender identity: A person’s internal understanding of their own gender.

Transgender: A person whose gender identity or expression is different from their sex assigned at birth.

a Unless otherwise noted, data in this web content are for women aged 13 and older.

b American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the US Virgin Islands.