HIV and Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men: HIV Prevention
There are many HIV prevention strategies available, including condoms; pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP); and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Additionally, for people with HIV, treatment provides substantial benefits for personal health and reduces HIV transmission to others. This is sometimes called HIV treatment as prevention. Many evidence-based interventions focused on risk reduction; adherence to HIV medicine; linkage to, retention in, and re-engagement in care; structural approaches; and engagement in PrEP care have supported these prevention strategies.
* Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
† Among gay and bisexual men aged 18 and older.
Source: CDC. HIV infection risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among men who have sex with men—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 23 U.S. cities, 2017. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2019;22.
- CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.
- CDC. Estimated HIV incidence and prevalence in the United States, 2015–2019. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2021;26(1).
- CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2021;26(2).
- CDC. Barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among HIV-positive Hispanic and Latino men who have sex with men—United States, 2015–2019. MMWR 2020;69(40):1437-42.
- CDC. HIV infection risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among men who have sex with men—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 23 U.S. cities, 2017. HIV Surveillance Special Report 2019;22.
- CDC. HIV care outcomes among men who have sex with men with diagnosed HIV infection—United States, 2015. MMWR 2017;66(37):969-74.
- Crepaz N, Mullins M, Higa D, Gunn J, Salabarría-Peña Y. A rapid review of disparities in HIV prevention and care outcomes among Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men in the United States. AIDS Educ Prev 2021; 33(4):276-89. PubMed abstract.
- McCree DH, Walker T, DiNenno E, et al. A programmatic approach to address increasing HIV diagnoses among Hispanic/Latino MSM, 2010-2014. Prev Med 2018;114:64-71. PubMed abstract.
- CDC. Behavioral and clinical characteristics of persons with diagnosed HIV infection—Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2020 cycle (June 2020–May 2021). HIV Surveillance Special Report 2022;29.