HIV and Hispanic/Latino People: Prevention Challenges
Racism, discrimination, HIV stigma, and homophobia have a negative impact on the overall health and well-being of Hispanic/Latino people. Additionally, poverty, migration patterns, lower educational level, and language barriers may make it harder for some Hispanic/Latino people to seek and receive high-quality health care, including HIV testing, treatment, and other prevention services. Addressing these social and structural barriers and encouraging safe and supportive communities can help improve health outcomes for Hispanic/Latino people.
Other factors that can increase the chances of getting or transmitting HIV include:
- Knowledge of HIV status. It is important for everyone to know their HIV status. People who don’t know they have HIV can’t take advantage of HIV care and treatment and may pass HIV to others without knowing it.
- Other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Having another STD can increase a person’s chance of getting or transmitting HIV.
- Immigration status. Some Hispanic/Latino people may not use HIV prevention services, get an HIV test, or get treatment if they have HIV due to fear of disclosing their immigration status.
- Mistrust of the health care system. Hispanic/Latino people experience high levels of mistrust of the health care system. Lower levels of trust can reduce the likelihood of clinic visits and result in lower use of and adherence to antiretroviral medications.
- CDC. Behavioral and clinical characteristics of persons with diagnosed HIV infection—Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2020 cycle (June 2020–May 2021). HIV Surveillance Special Report 2022;29.
- CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.
- CDC. Estimated HIV incidence and prevalence in the United States, 2015–2019. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2021;26(1).
- CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2021;26(2).
- del Rio C. Latinos and HIV care in the Southeastern United States: New challenges complicating longstanding problems. Clin Infect Dis 2011;53(5):488-9. PubMed abstract.