HIV and Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men
Data for 2020 should be interpreted with caution due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on access to HIV testing, care-related services, and case surveillance activities in state and local jurisdictions. While 2020 data on HIV diagnoses and prevention and care outcomes are available, we are not updating this web content with data from these reports.
Hispanic/Latinoa gay, bisexual, and other men who reported male-to-male sexual contactb,c are disproportionately affected by HIV. Social and structural issues—such as racism, HIV stigma, homophobia, poverty, and limited access to high-quality health care—influence health outcomes and continue to drive inequities. Get the latest data on HIV among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men and find out how CDC is making a difference.
a Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
b The term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality. This web content uses the term gay and bisexual men to represent gay, bisexual, and other men who reported male-to-male sexual contact.
c Unless otherwise noted, data in this web content are for adults and adolescents aged 13 and older.
d Includes infections attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use (men who reported both risk factors).
e American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the US Virgin Islands.
- CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Report 2021;32.
- CDC. Estimated HIV incidence and prevalence in the United States, 2015–2019. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2021;26(1).
- CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2019. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2021;26(2).
- CDC. Barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among HIV-positive Hispanic and Latino men who have sex with men—United States, 2015–2019. MMWR 2020;69(40):1437-42.
- CDC. HIV infection risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among men who have sex with men—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 23 U.S. cities, 2017. HIV Surveillance Special Report 2019;22.
- CDC. HIV care outcomes among men who have sex with men with diagnosed HIV infection—United States, 2015. MMWR 2017;66(37):969-74.
- Crepaz N, Mullins M, Higa D, Gunn J, Salabarría-Peña Y. A rapid review of disparities in HIV prevention and care outcomes among Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men in the United States. AIDS Educ Prev 2021; 33(4):276-89. PubMed abstract.
- McCree DH, Walker T, DiNenno E, et al. A programmatic approach to address increasing HIV diagnoses among Hispanic/Latino MSM, 2010-2014. Prev Med 2018;114:64-71. PubMed abstract.
- CDC. Behavioral and clinical characteristics of persons with diagnosed HIV infection—Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2020 cycle (June 2020–May 2021). HIV Surveillance Special Report 2022;29.