HIV and Hispanic/Latino People: Risk Behaviors

The risk of getting or transmitting HIV varies widely depending on the type of exposure or behavior. Most commonly, people get or transmit HIV through anal or vaginal sex, or sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment—for example, cookers.

Sexual Behaviors Among Hispanic/Latino People with Diagnosed HIV in the US, 2020*†
Getting and keeping an undetectable viral load is the best way for people with HIV to stay healthy and protect others.
This chart shows 8 percent of Hispanic/Latino people with HIV had sex without using any HIV prevention strategy compared to 7 percent of people overall.

* Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
† Among people aged 18 and older.
‡ Had sex while not virally suppressed with a partner whose HIV status was negative or unknown, a condom was not used, and the partner was not taking PrEP.

Source: CDC. Medical Monitoring Project.

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Injection Behaviors Among Hispanic/Latino People Who Inject Drugs in 23 US Cities, 2018*†
Sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment puts people at high risk for HIV and other infections.

This chart shows 30 percent of Hispanic/Latino people without HIV used a syringe after someone else used it and 58 percent used any injection equipment after someone else used it.

* Hispanic/Latino people can be of any race.
† Among people aged 18 and older.

Source: CDC. HIV infection risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among persons who inject drugs—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance: injection drug use, 23 U.S. Cities, 2018. HIV Surveillance Special Report 2020;24.

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  1. CDC. Behavioral and clinical characteristics of persons with diagnosed HIV infection—Medical Monitoring Project, United States, 2020 cycle (June 2020–May 2021). HIV Surveillance Special Report 2022;29.
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