HIV by Age: Prevention Challenges

Racism, discrimination, HIV stigma, transphobia, and homophobia negatively affect the overall health and well-being of many people. Additionally, poverty and educational levels may make it harder for some people to seek and receive high-quality health care, including HIV testing, treatment, and other prevention services. Addressing these social and structural barriers and encouraging safe and supportive communities can help improve health outcomes for people with or at risk for getting HIV.

icon of a doctor holding a medical chart

Knowledge of HIV status. People who don’t know they have HIV can’t take advantage of HIV care and treatment and may pass HIV to others without knowing it.

A hand holding a blue doctor bag.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).  Having another STD can increase a person’s chances of getting or transmitting HIV.

PrEP bottle of pills and syringe

Knowledge and use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is highly effective for preventing HIV, yet PrEP coverage remains below national targets.

icon of a vial of blood

Viral suppression. People with HIV may experience challenges with achieving and maintaining viral suppression. Some of these challenges include missing HIV medical appointments, needing but not receiving other important health care services, or missing doses of HIV treatment.