April 2022 Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equateur Province
On April 23, 2022, the Ministry of Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) declared an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Mbandaka health zone, Equateur Province. This is the 14th EVD outbreak in DRC and marks the third in a series of outbreaks in Equateur province since 2018 – one which started in the spring of 2018 and the other which was declared in the summer of 2020. Sequencing data from the first confirmed case in this outbreak indicates that this is a new spillover event from an animal to a person and is not directly linked to previous outbreaks.
The first patient identified in this outbreak sought treatment at several healthcare facilities and was taken to the Wangata Ebola Treatment Center after signs of hemorrhage (bleeding) began. Results from an initial test conducted in Mbandaka were positive for EVD. The DRC’s national laboratory in Kinshasa—the Institut National de la Recherche Biomédicale (INRB)— confirmed the positive test result through polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
As the investigation continues, contacts are being monitored and a vaccination campaign for contacts and healthcare personnel is underway.