People Living With HIV

Know the Facts

Smoking rates among persons living with HIV, which is the virus that can cause AIDS, are much higher than among persons without HIV.

  • In 2014, among adults with HIV in medical care, 33.6% were current cigarette smokers.*
  • People living with HIV are also less likely to quit smoking than the general population.

If you have HIV, smoking cigarettes is especially dangerous to your health. If you smoke:

  • You’re more likely to develop the harmful consequences of smoking than people without HIV. These illnesses include cancer, heart disease, and stroke.
  • You’re more likely to develop HIV-related infections than a nonsmoker with HIV. These illnesses include thrush (a mouth infection) and Pneumocystis pneumonia (a lung infection).
  • For people whose HIV is effectively treated, smoking cigarettes is the main contributor to preventable risk of illness and death.

For More Information

Learn what percent of people currently smoke cigarettes, both in the United States overall and among specific populations.

Real Stories: People Living With HIV Featured in Tips®

Learn the real stories of people living with HIV who have diseases and disabilities related to smoking.

Learn more about all Tips participants in our Real Stories section.


Brian I. overcame tough health problems related to HIV, but nearly lost his life because of smoking cigarettes.

“Smoking is something that you do have control over. You can stop. And it’s worth your life to stop smoking.”

Today I start my quit journey. Free resources provided by

Quitting Help

To get started right now, see our How to Quit Smoking area featuring a Quit Guide.

Get free help to quit smoking by calling a quitline: 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669). Quitline coaches can answer questions, help you develop a quit plan, and provide support.

Quit-smoking treatments may be free or reduced in price through insurance, health plans, or clinics.

State Medicaid programs cover quit-smoking treatments. While the coverage varies by state, all states cover some treatments for at least some Medicaid enrollees.

Medicare currently covers two quit attempts per year and up to four face-to-face counseling sessions per attempt.