People Living With HIV
If you have HIV, the virus that can cause AIDS, smoking is especially dangerous to your health. If you smoke:
- You're more likely to develop the harmful consequences of smoking than people without HIV. These illnesses include cancer, heart disease, and stroke.
- You're more likely to develop HIV-related infections than a nonsmoker with HIV. These illnesses include thrush (a mouth infection) and pneumocystis pneumonia (a lung infection).
About 1 in 6 (16.8%) Americans smokes cigarettes. Smoking rates among persons living with HIV who are receiving medical care are more than double (42.4%) that of the entire U.S. adult population.
People living with HIV are also less likely to quit smoking than the general adult population.
*Source for cigarette smoking prevalence: Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults—United States, 2005–2014. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2015.
For More Information
- Detailed Statistics Learn about smoking among specific populations and the current rates of cigarette smoking in the United States.
Learn the real stories of people living with HIV who have diseases and disabilities related to smoking.
Meet Brian. Brian, age 45, lives in California and has HIV. At 14, he started smoking. At 43, smoking, combined with HIV, caused him to have a stroke. He quit that day and hopes to regain full use of his right hand.
Learn more about all Tips participants in our Real Stories section.
You can call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669). Quitline coaches can answer questions, help you develop a quit plan, and provide support.
Quit-smoking treatments may be free or reduced in price through insurance, health plans, or clinics. State Medicaid programs cover quit-smoking treatments. While the coverage varies by state, all states cover some treatments for at least some Medicaid enrollees.
Medicare currently covers two quit attempts per year and up to four face-to-face counseling sessions per attempt.
- Page last reviewed: January 6, 2017
- Page last updated: January 6, 2017
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