Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009

Notification Process

Notifications about ERE exposure can occur in one of two ways:

(1) The medical facility determines that the victim of an emergency has a potentially life-threatening airborne or aerosolized infectious disease about which the ERE who transported the victim to the medical facility should be notified, or

(2) The ERE who transported, treated, assisted, or attended a victim pursuant to an emergency believes that he/she has been exposed to any infectious disease on the NIOSH list and requests information from the medical facility.

  1. The medical facility initiates routine notification

The medical facility initiates routine notification if it determines that the victim of an emergency has a potentially life-threatening airborne or aerosolized infectious disease regarding a patient that the ERE transported to the facility.

Steps:

  • The medical facility notifies the designated officer of the ERE within 48 hours, providing the name of the infectious disease and the date when the emergency victim was transported by the ERE to the facility
  • The designated officer informs the ERE immediately

Figure 1. Medical facility initiates the routine notification of listed airborne or aerosolized infectious diseasepdf icon

This flow chart is provided for informational purposes only. It is not official guidance.

  1. The ERE initiates a request

The ERE initiates a request based on a potential exposure to a listed infectious disease by a victim of an emergency during an emergency (i.e. needlestick injury, other contact with body fluids, or suspicion of exposure to an airborne or aerosolized infectious disease), only if the victim was transported to a medical facility because of the emergency, and the ERE attended, treated, assisted, or transported the victim pursuant to the emergency.

Steps:

  • The ERE submits a request to a designated officer to make an initial determination
  • The request is examined by the designated officer
  • The designated officer determines whether the ERE may have been involved, if the victim involved had any listed infectious disease, in a potential exposure under the facts presented. The designated officer shall make such determination in accordance with the NIOSH guidelines.
  • If so, the designated officer submits a written request to the medical facility to which the victim was transported or determined the cause of death
  • Once the medical facility receives the request, it has 48 hours to respond
  • The medical facility reviews their records to determine if the ERE was exposed to a potentially life-threatening infectious disease
  • In receiving a request from a designated officer, the medical facility shall 1) evaluate the facts in the request; and 2) make a determination of whether the ERE was exposed to an infectious disease included on NIOSH’s List of Potentially Life-Threatening Infectious Diseases to Which Emergency Response Employees May Be Exposed based on the medical information possessed by the facility regarding the victim and in accordance with NIOSH’s guidelines.
  • The medical facility will make one of four determinations in response to the request:
    • Notification of exposure
    • Finding of no exposure
    • Insufficient information submitted by designated officer
      • If the medical facility determines that “insufficient information” was provided by the designated officer, the designated officer can request the assistance of the public health officer for the community in which the medical facility is located, see “Special Circumstance” below.
    • Possesses no information
      • If the medical facility finds that it possesses no information on whether the victim has an infectious disease included on NIOSH’s list, the medical facility shall send written notification to the designated officer informing him of the insufficiency of such medical information.
  • The medical facility reports this information to the designated officer
  • The designated officer informs the ERE

Figure 2. Emergency response employee requests information about possible exposure to listed diseasepdf icon

This flow chart is provided for informational purposes only. It is not official guidance

Special Circumstance:

If the medical facility determines that the designated officer’s request has insufficient information, the designated officer may contact the public health officer for assistance.

Steps:

  • The designated officer submits a request for assistance to the public health officer for the community in which the medical facility is located for an evaluation of the request and response.
  • The public health officer evaluates the request and response, and determines whether the information about the exposure is sufficient
  • The public health officer responds to the designated officer within 48 hours
    • If the information is sufficient, the public health official resubmits the request to the medical facility AND the medical facility shall provide a determination of exposure to the designated officer. The medical facility reviews the request, makes a determination, and notifies the designated officer within 48 hours.
    • The designated officer informs the ERE.
  • If the public health officer determines the information is not sufficient, the public health official advises the designated officer to collect more information regarding the possible exposure
    • The public health officer shall resubmit the request to the medical facility IF sufficient facts are obtained by the designated officer. The medical facility shall then provide a determination regarding exposure to the designated officer.
Page last reviewed: March 26, 2020