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State Statistics

State-Specific 2015 BRFSS Prevalence Estimates

The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the best source for state-specific arthritis prevalence estimates. BRFSS is a state-based, random-digit-dialed telephone survey of the noninstitutionalized, civilian US population aged 18 years or older. The survey is administered in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. Since 1996, selected states have been collecting information on arthritis through BRFSS.

Starting with the 2003 BRFSS and continuing in odd-numbered years, all states collected information on arthritis. Different questions were used to collect data from 1996 through 2001 and from 2002 to present. In 2002, the case definition of arthritis also changed. Beginning in 2002, CDC's Arthritis Program has focused on doctor-diagnosed arthritis only. Additional survey changes were made in 2011. The 2011 BRFSS data reflect a change in weighting methodology (raking) and the addition of cell phone only respondents. For these reasons, it is not valid to look at trends that cross from 2001 into 2002 or from 2010 into 2011 and later. Also, beginning in 2012, the arthritis case definition has been collected annually, while other arthritis information continues to be collected in odd-numbered years.

Thus, 2011 is the new baseline for data trends, and prior years should not be incorporated in any trend analysis using 2011 data to present. Read more about the BRFSS arthritis-specific questions and the arthritis case definitions.

State Data Tables

 View state arthritis data from the 2011, 2013, and 2015 BRFSS on our state data tables page

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State Maps

The maps below show the age-adjusted prevalence of arthritis for each state by quartile. Estimates are based on the 2015 BRFSS.

Arthritis Prevalence Estimates by State (Age-Adjusted)

Arthritis is reported by at least 1 in 6 adults in every state. In the 15 states with the highest prevalence, arthritis affects up to 1 in 4 adults.

Map of the United States, showing the prevalence (percent) of adults who reported having arthritis, by state: Alabama (AL) 30.4 percent; Alaska (AK) 21.5 percent; Arizona (AZ) 21.8 percent; Arkansas (AR) 27.1 percent; California (CA) 18.3 percent; Colorado (CO) 21.8 percent; Connecticut (CT) 21.6 percent; Delaware (DE) 24.6 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 19.9 percent; Florida (FL) 21.5 percent; Georgia (GA) 23.6 percent; Hawaii (HI) 17.2 percent; Idaho (ID) 23.2 percent; Illinois (IL) 21.6 percent; Indiana (IN) 25.4 percent; Iowa (IA) 23.2 percent; Kansas (KS) 22.7 percent; Kentucky (KY) 29.3 percent; Louisiana (LA) 26.2 percent; Maine (ME) 26.4 percent; Maryland (MD) 21.5 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 22.0 percent; Michigan (MI) 27.0 percent; Minnesota (MN) 19.7 percent; Mississippi (MS) 26.6 percent; Missouri (MO) 26.8 percent; Montana (MT) 23.9 percent; Nebraska (NE) 21.5 percent; Nevada (NV) 20.1 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 23.0 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 20.5 percent; New Mexico (NM) 22.2 percent; New York (NY) 21.5 percent; North Carolina (NC) 24.9 percent; North Dakota (ND) 21.6 percent; Ohio (OH) 25.3 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 25.7 percent; Oregon (OR) 24.5 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 25.7 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 24.2 percent; South Carolina (SC) 26.3 percent; South Dakota (SD) 21.8 percent; Tennessee (TN) 29.4 percent; Texas (TX) 19.8 percent; Utah (UT) 20.8 percent; Vermont (VT) 23.4 percent; Virginia (VA) 21.6 percent; Washington (WA) 22.6 percent; West Virginia (WV) 33.6 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 22.1 percent; Wyoming (WY) 24.1 percent. See text description below

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Arthritis Prevalence Estimates in Women and Men by State (Age-Adjusted)

Women have a higher age-adjusted prevalence of arthritis than men in every state. When examined by the same prevalence cutoff points (17.23%–21.54%; 21.55%-23.01%; 23.02%-25.68%; and 25.69%–33.58%), there are only four states in which both women and men are in the highest prevalence group (Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennessee, and Alabama). For the most part, women were in the middle and high prevalence groups, while men are in the lowest prevalence group. In the majority of jurisdictions (31 states), at least 1 in 4 women reported arthritis.

Two maps of the United States, comparing the prevalence of arthritis among adult women and men by state. The first map shows the prevalence of arthritis among adult women by state: Alabama (AL) 33.3 percent; Alaska (AK) 24.7 percent; Arizona (AZ) 25.0 percent; Arkansas (AR) 29.7 percent; California (CA) 20.6 percent; Colorado (CO) 23.7 percent; Connecticut (CT) 24.2 percent; Delaware (DE) 27.1 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 23.0 percent; Florida (FL) 24.8 percent; Georgia (GA) 27.0 percent; Hawaii (HI) 17.7 percent; Idaho (ID) 25.7 percent; Illinois (IL) 25.0 percent; Indiana (IN) 27.5 percent; Iowa (IA) 25.7  percent; Kansas (KS) 25.3 percent; Kentucky (KY) 32.2 percent; Louisiana (LA) 29.4 percent; Maine (ME) 29.8 percent; Maryland (MD) 24.6 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 25.4 percent; Michigan (MI) 30.6 percent; Minnesota (MN) 22.2 percent; Mississippi (MS) 29.1 percent; Missouri (MO) 30.1 percent; Montana (MT) 25.5 percent; Nebraska (NE) 24.2 percent; Nevada (NV) 22.4 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 24.5 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 23.1 percent; New Mexico (NM) 23.0 percent; New York (NY) 24.4 percent; North Carolina (NC) 26.8 percent; North Dakota (ND) 24.3 percent; Ohio (OH) 28.2 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 29.6 percent; Oregon (OR) 27.6 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 28.7 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 26.9 percent; South Carolina (SC) 28.5 percent; South Dakota (SD) 24.6 percent; Tennessee (TN) 32.3 percent; Texas (TX) 23.1 percent; Utah (UT) 23.4 percent; Vermont (VT) 25.6 percent; Virginia (VA) 24.2 percent; Washington (WA) 25.8 percent; West Virginia (WV) 34.2 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 25.4 percent; Wyoming (WY) 26.8 percent.  The second map shows the prevalence of arthritis among adult men by state: Alabama (AL) 27.2 percent; Alaska (AK) 18.3 percent; Arizona (AZ) 18.4 percent; Arkansas (AR) 24.2 percent; California (CA) 15.7 percent; Colorado (CO) 19.8 percent; Connecticut (CT) 18.7 percent; Delaware (DE) 21.8 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 16.2 percent; Florida (FL) 18.0 percent; Georgia (GA) 19.8 percent; Hawaii (HI) 16.8 percent; Idaho (ID) 20.7 percent; Illinois (IL) 17.7 percent; Indiana (IN) 23.1 percent; Iowa (IA) 20.6 percent; Kansas (KS) 20.0 percent; Kentucky (KY) 26.2 percent; Louisiana (LA) 22.7 percent; Maine (ME) 22.7 percent; Maryland (MD) 18.0 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 18.3 percent; Michigan (MI) 23.0 percent; Minnesota (MN) 17.1 percent; Mississippi (MS) 23.8 percent; Missouri (MO) 23.4 percent; Montana (MT) 22.3 percent; Nebraska (NE) 18.7 percent; Nevada (NV) 17.7 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 21.3 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 17.4 percent; New Mexico (NM) 21.4 percent; New York (NY) 18.1 percent; North Carolina (NC) 22.6 percent; North Dakota (ND) 19.0 percent; Ohio (OH) 22.2 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 21.7 percent; Oregon (OR) 21.1 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 22.4 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 21.2 percent; South Carolina (SC) 23.7 percent; South Dakota (SD) 19.0 percent; Tennessee (TN) 26.3 percent; Texas (TX) 16.2 percent; Utah (UT) 18.1 percent; Vermont (VT) 21.1 percent; Virginia (VA) 18.6 percent; Washington (WA) 19.3 percent; West Virginia (WV) 32.8 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 18.7 percent; Wyoming (WY) 21.6 percent. See text description below.
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Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Work Limitation Among All Adults (Age-Adjusted)

In all states, working-age (ages 18-64) US adults face work limitations that they attribute to arthritis. The prevalence of arthritis- attributable work limitation varies by state but is generally high, affecting 4.5% to 12.4% of all working-age adults. 

Map of the United States, showing the proportion of arthritis- attributable work limitation among adults with arthritis by state: Alabama (AL) 54.6 percent; Alaska (AK) 44.9 percent; Arizona (AZ) 39.3 percent; Arkansas (AR) 54.2 percent; California (CA) 42.7 percent; Colorado (CO) 46.1 percent; Connecticut (CT) 38.1 percent; Delaware (DE) 44.4 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 48.9 percent; Florida (FL) 44.8 percent; Georgia (GA) 41.7 percent; Hawaii (HI) 42.0 percent; Idaho (ID) 50.4 percent; Illinois (IL) 46.3 percent; Indiana (IN) 42.9 percent; Iowa (IA) 37.7 percent; Kansas (KS) 35.8 percent; Kentucky (KY) 51.5 percent; Louisiana (LA) 44.5 percent; Maine (ME) 45.7 percent; Maryland (MD) 35.4 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 38.4 percent; Michigan (MI) 44.7 percent; Minnesota (MN) 39.3 percent; Mississippi (MS) 43.6 percent; Missouri (MO) 46.3 percent; Montana (MT) 42.9 percent; Nebraska (NE) 32.2 percent; Nevada (NV) 46.5 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 37.9 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 39.5 percent; New Mexico (NM) 43.4 percent; New York (NY) 39.8 percent; North Carolina (NC) 47.9 percent; North Dakota (ND) 35.2 percent; Ohio (OH) 39.1 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 49.3 percent; Oregon (OR) 38.1 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 35.8 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 41.3 percent; South Carolina (SC) 48.6 percent; South Dakota (SD) 46.0 percent; Tennessee (TN) 45.9 percent; Texas (TX) 38.9 percent; Utah (UT) 32.0 percent; Vermont (VT) 38.7 percent; Virginia (VA) 40.8 percent; Washington (WA) 38.8 percent; West Virginia (WV) 51.2 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 39.5 percent; Wyoming (WY) 45.3 percent.
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Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Work Limitation Among Adults with Arthritis (Age- Adjusted)

Arthritis-attributable work limitation is very common among working-age (18-64 years) adults with arthritis. In states with the lowest prevalence of arthritis-attributable work limitations, it is still reported by almost 1in 3 working-age adults with arthritis (32%). In states with the highest prevalence of arthritis-attributable work limitation, the prevalence is about half of working-age adults with arthritis.

Map of the United States, showing the proportion of arthritis- attributable work limitation among adults with arthritis by state: Alabama (AL) 59.2 percent; Alaska (AK) 51.1 percent; Arizona (AZ) 52.5 percent; Arkansas (AR) 56.1 percent; California (CA) 48.6 percent; Colorado (CO) 47.6 percent; Connecticut (CT) 46.7 percent; Delaware (DE) 46.9 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 57.0 percent; Florida (FL) 54.5 percent; Georgia (GA) 50.9 percent; Hawaii (HI) 42.0 percent; Idaho (ID) 50.4 percent; Illinois (IL) 46.3 percent; Indiana (IN) 43.7 percent; Iowa (IA) 40.4 percent; Kansas (KS) 46.3 percent; Kentucky (KY) 57.7 percent; Louisiana (LA) 50.6 percent; Maine (ME) 51.2 percent; Maryland (MD) 42.2 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 47.0 percent; Michigan (MI) 50.3 percent; Minnesota (MN) 47.0 percent; Mississippi (MS) 52.4 percent; Missouri (MO) 59.4 percent; Montana (MT) 52.0 percent; Nebraska (NE) 44.3 percent; Nevada (NV) 53.3 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 49.9 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 47.0 percent; New Mexico (NM) 49.2 percent; New York (NY) 45.5 percent; North Carolina (NC) 54.5 percent; North Dakota (ND) 47.2 percent; Ohio (OH) 46.6 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 56.9 percent; Oregon (OR) 54.0 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 42.1 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 44.1 percent; South Carolina (SC) 54.4 percent; South Dakota (SD) 49.5 percent; Tennessee (TN) 55.2 percent; Texas (TX) 48.2 percent; Utah (UT) 44.2 percent; Vermont (VT) 48.6 percent; Virginia (VA) 46.7 percent; Washington (WA) 50.6 percent; West Virginia (WV) 57.5 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 50.9 percent; Wyoming (WY) 49.7 percent.
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Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitations Among All Adults (Age-Adjusted)

The age-adjusted prevalence with arthritis-attributable activity limitation among adults ranges from 6.8% to 18.7%. These high prevalence estimates are projected to increase with the aging of the population. Arthritis-attributable activity limitation can be prevented or reduced in many people. Aerobic and strengthening exercises can improve physical function and self-reported arthritis disability. Self-management education can also increase confidence in one’s ability to manage arthritis.

Map of the United States, showing the proportion of arthritis- attributable work limitation among adults with arthritis by state: Alabama (AL) 59.2 percent; Alaska (AK) 51.1 percent; Arizona (AZ) 52.5 percent; Arkansas (AR) 56.1 percent; California (CA) 48.6 percent; Colorado (CO) 47.6 percent; Connecticut (CT) 46.7 percent; Delaware (DE) 46.9 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 57.0 percent; Florida (FL) 54.5 percent; Georgia (GA) 50.9 percent; Hawaii (HI) 42.0 percent; Idaho (ID) 50.4 percent; Illinois (IL) 46.3 percent; Indiana (IN) 43.7 percent; Iowa (IA) 40.4 percent; Kansas (KS) 46.3 percent; Kentucky (KY) 57.7 percent; Louisiana (LA) 50.6 percent; Maine (ME) 51.2 percent; Maryland (MD) 42.2 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 47.0 percent; Michigan (MI) 50.3 percent; Minnesota (MN) 47.0 percent; Mississippi (MS) 52.4 percent; Missouri (MO) 59.4 percent; Montana (MT) 52.0 percent; Nebraska (NE) 44.3 percent; Nevada (NV) 53.3 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 49.9 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 47.0 percent; New Mexico (NM) 49.2 percent; New York (NY) 45.5 percent; North Carolina (NC) 54.5 percent; North Dakota (ND) 47.2 percent; Ohio (OH) 46.6 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 56.9 percent; Oregon (OR) 54.0 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 42.1 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 44.1 percent; South Carolina (SC) 54.4 percent; South Dakota (SD) 49.5 percent; Tennessee (TN) 55.2 percent; Texas (TX) 48.2 percent; Utah (UT) 44.2 percent; Vermont (VT) 48.6 percent; Virginia (VA) 46.7 percent; Washington (WA) 50.6 percent; West Virginia (WV) 57.5 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 50.9 percent; Wyoming (WY) 49.7 percent.
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Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitations Among Adults with Arthritis (Age-Adjusted)

The age-adjusted prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitations among adults with arthritis is substantial. In every state, at least 1 in 3 adults with arthritis reports arthritis-attributable activity limitations. In some states, the prevalence is more than half of adults with arthritis.

Map of the United States, showing the proportion of arthritis- attributable work limitation among adults with arthritis by state: Alabama (AL) 59.2 percent; Alaska (AK) 51.1 percent; Arizona (AZ) 52.5 percent; Arkansas (AR) 56.1 percent; California (CA) 48.6 percent; Colorado (CO) 47.6 percent; Connecticut (CT) 46.7 percent; Delaware (DE) 46.9 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 57.0 percent; Florida (FL) 54.5 percent; Georgia (GA) 50.9 percent; Hawaii (HI) 42.0 percent; Idaho (ID) 50.4 percent; Illinois (IL) 46.3 percent; Indiana (IN) 43.7 percent; Iowa (IA) 40.4 percent; Kansas (KS) 46.3 percent; Kentucky (KY) 57.7 percent; Louisiana (LA) 50.6 percent; Maine (ME) 51.2 percent; Maryland (MD) 42.2 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 47.0 percent; Michigan (MI) 50.3 percent; Minnesota (MN) 47.0 percent; Mississippi (MS) 52.4 percent; Missouri (MO) 59.4 percent; Montana (MT) 52.0 percent; Nebraska (NE) 44.3 percent; Nevada (NV) 53.3 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 49.9 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 47.0 percent; New Mexico (NM) 49.2 percent; New York (NY) 45.5 percent; North Carolina (NC) 54.5 percent; North Dakota (ND) 47.2 percent; Ohio (OH) 46.6 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 56.9 percent; Oregon (OR) 54.0 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 42.1 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 44.1 percent; South Carolina (SC) 54.4 percent; South Dakota (SD) 49.5 percent; Tennessee (TN) 55.2 percent; Texas (TX) 48.2 percent; Utah (UT) 44.2 percent; Vermont (VT) 48.6 percent; Virginia (VA) 46.7 percent; Washington (WA) 50.6 percent; West Virginia (WV) 57.5 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 50.9 percent; Wyoming (WY) 49.7 percent.
 

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Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Social Participation Restriction Among Adults with Arthritis (Age- Adjusted)

The prevalence of age-adjusted arthritis-attributable social participation restriction ranges from about 1 in 8 to more than 1 in 4 adults with arthritis across states, indicating that it is a substantial problem.

Map of the United States, showing the proportion of arthritis-attributable social participation restriction among adults with arthritis by state: Alabama (AL) 29.3 percent; Alaska (AK) 12.6 percent; Arizona (AZ) 18.1 percent; Arkansas (AR) 30.4 percent; California (CA) 17.6 percent; Colorado (CO) 16.4 percent; Connecticut (CT) 14.5 percent; Delaware (DE) 18.8 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 26.8 percent; Florida (FL) 25.7 percent; Georgia (GA) 19.8  percent; Hawaii (HI) 15.9 percent; Idaho (ID) 22.4 percent; Illinois (IL) 15.0 percent; Indiana (IN) 20.0 percent; Iowa (IA) 15.3 percent; Kansas (KS) 17.6 percent; Kentucky (KY) 28.3 percent; Louisiana (LA) 25.5 percent; Maine (ME) 21.4 percent; Maryland (MD) 19.7 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 20.0 percent; Michigan (MI) 19.6 percent; Minnesota (MN) 18.5 percent; Mississippi (MS) 26.0 percent; Missouri (MO) 23.4 percent; Montana (MT) 18.6 percent; Nebraska (NE) 12.9 percent; Nevada (NV) 26.0 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 20.2 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 18.5 percent; New Mexico (NM) 21.0 percent; New York (NY) 19.8 percent; North Carolina (NC) 23.7 percent; North Dakota (ND) 14.8 percent; Ohio (OH) 19.7 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 29.9 percent; Oregon (OR) 19.4 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 16.8 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 25.8 percent; South Carolina (SC) 23.8 percent; South Dakota (SD) 14.4 percent; Tennessee (TN) 24.7 percent; Texas (TX) 20.7 percent; Utah (UT) 16.0 percent; Vermont (VT) 18.9 percent; Virginia (VA) 18.1 percent; Washington (WA) 18.0 percent; West Virginia (WV) 26.6 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 16.6 percent; Wyoming (WY) 19.3 percent.
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Prevalence of Arthritis-Attributable Severe Joint Pain Among Adults with Arthritis (Age-Adjusted)

Pain is a common symptom of arthritis. Arthritis-attributable severe joint pain is reported by at least 1 in 9 adults with arthritis in every state. In states with the highest prevalence, it occurs in more than 1 in 3 adults with arthritis.

Map of the United States, showing the prevalence of arthritis- attributable severe joint pain among adults by state: Alabama (AL) 39.7 percent; Alaska (AK) 11.4 percent; Arizona (AZ) 32.9 percent; Arkansas (AR) 41.6 percent; California (CA) 29.3 percent; Colorado (CO) 26.2 percent; Connecticut (CT) 25.9 percent; Delaware (DE) 31.6 percent; District of Columbia (DC) 36.5 percent; Florida (FL) 38.0 percent; Georgia (GA) 31.2 percent; Hawaii (HI) 23.6 percent; Idaho (ID) 21.9 percent; Illinois (IL) 24.4 percent; Indiana (IN) 26.0 percent; Iowa (IA) 24.3 percent; Kansas (KS) 26.2 percent; Kentucky (KY) 36.7 percent; Louisiana (LA) 41.2 percent; Maine (ME) 30.3 percent; Maryland (MD) 28.5 percent; Massachusetts (MA) 28.4 percent; Michigan (MI) 30.5 percent; Minnesota (MN) 23.3 percent; Mississippi (MS) 46.0 percent; Missouri (MO) 34.0 percent; Montana (MT) 24.3 percent; Nebraska (NE) 22.8 percent; Nevada (NV) 30.2 percent; New Hampshire (NH) 26.6 percent; New Jersey (NJ) 33.6 percent; New Mexico (NM) 32.7 percent; New York (NY) 32.3 percent; North Carolina (NC) 34.5 percent; North Dakota (ND) 23.4 percent; Ohio (OH) 30.1 percent; Oklahoma (OK) 36.9 percent; Oregon (OR) 25.7 percent; Pennsylvania (PA) 28.7 percent; Rhode Island (RI) 34.7 percent; South Carolina (SC) 36.7 percent; South Dakota (SD) 27.3 percent; Tennessee (TN) 35.3 percent; Texas (TX) 32.0 percent; Utah (UT) 20.3 percent; Vermont (VT) 25.5 percent; Virginia (VA) 26.7 percent; Washington (WA) 22.7 percent; West Virginia (WV) 41.6 percent; Wisconsin (WI) 23.7 percent; Wyoming (WY) 22.7 percent.
 

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