Older Persons’ Health

Data are for the U.S.

Life expectancy at 65 years
  • Both sexes: 19.6 years
  • Men: 18.2 years
  • Women: 20.8 years

Source: Mortality in the United States, 2019 (Figure 1)

Fair or poor health
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons aged 65 and over in fair or poor health: 22.2% (2018)

Source: Health, United States, 2019, table 16 [PDF – 9.8 MB]

Need help with personal care
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons aged 65 and over who had any difficulty with self care: 7.9% (2020)

Source: Interactive Summary Health Statistics for Adults, 2019-2020

Smoking
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons aged 65 and over who currently smoke cigarettes: 9.0% (2020)

Source: Interactive Summary Health Statistics for Adults, 2019-2020

Obesity
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons with obesity (2015-2018)
    • Men aged 65-74: 41.9%
    • Men aged 75 and over: 31.8%
    • Women aged 65-74: 45.9%
    • Women aged 75 and over: 36.1%

Source: Health, United States, 2019, table 26 [PDF – 9.8 MB]

Hypertension
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons with hypertension (measured high blood pressure and/or taking antihypertensive medication) (2015-2018)
    • Men aged 65-74: 66.7%
    • Men aged 75 and over: 81.5%
    • Women aged 65-74: 74.3%
    • Women aged 75 and over: 86.0%

Source: Health, United States, 2019, table 22 [PDF – 9.8 MB]

Percent of long-term care services users who are aged 65 and over
  • Percent of adult day services center participants: 62.5% (2016)
  • Percent of home health agency patients: 81.9% (2015)
  • Percent of hospice patients: 94.6% (2015)
  • Percent of nursing home residents : 83.5% (2016)
  • Percent of residential care community residents: 93.4% (2016)

Source: Long-Term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States, 2015-2016, Appendix III. Detailed Tables, table VIII [PDF – 5.6 MB]

Mortality
  • Number of deaths of persons age 65 and over: 2,509,396
  • Deaths per 100,000 population:
    • 65-74: 2,072.3
    • 75-84: 4,997.0
    • 85 and over: 15,210.9

Source: National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2020) via CDC WONDER

Leading causes of death among persons aged 65 and over

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Page last reviewed: January 24, 2022