Older Persons’ Health

Data are for the U.S.

Life expectancy at 65 years
  • Both sexes: 18.5 years
  • Men: 17.0 years
  • Women: 19.8 years

Source: Mortality in the United States, 2020 (Figure 1)

Fair or poor health
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons aged 65 and over in fair or poor health: 22.6% (2021)

Source: Interactive Summary Health Statistics for Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2019-2021

Difficulty with self care
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons aged 65 and over who had any difficulty with self care: 8.3% (2021)

Source: Interactive Summary Health Statistics for Adults, 2019-2021

Smoking
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons aged 65 and over who currently smoke cigarettes: 8.3% (2021)

Source: Interactive Summary Health Statistics for Adults, 2019-2021

Obesity
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons with obesity (2015-2018)
    • Men aged 65-74: 41.9%
    • Men aged 75 and over: 31.8%
    • Women aged 65-74: 45.9%
    • Women aged 75 and over: 36.1%

Source: Health, United States, 2019, table 26 [PDF – 9.8 MB]

Hypertension
  • Percent of noninstitutionalized persons with hypertension (measured high blood pressure and/or taking antihypertensive medication) (2015-2018)
    • Men aged 65-74: 66.7%
    • Men aged 75 and over: 81.5%
    • Women aged 65-74: 74.3%
    • Women aged 75 and over: 86.0%

Source: Health, United States, 2019, table 22 [PDF – 9.8 MB]

Percent of long-term care services users who are aged 65 and over
  • Percent of adult day services center participants: 63.3% (2020)

Source: Long-Term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States, Adult Day Services Center Component: National Post-acute and Long-term Care Study, 2020: Weighted National Estimates and Standard Errors, sum of Questions 20b, 20c, 20d [PDF – 883]

  • Percent of home health agency patients: 82.7% (2017)
  • Percent of hospice patients: 94.8% (2017)
  • Percent of nursing home residents : 83.1% (2018)
  • Percent of inpatient rehabilitation facility patients: 87.9% (2017)
  • Percent of long-term care hospital patients: 74.3% (2017)

Source: Post-acute and Long-term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States, 2017-2018, Appendix III. Detailed Tables, table XII [PDF – 1.2 MB]

  • Percent of residential care community residents: 94.2% (2020)

Source: Long-Term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States, Residential Care Component: National Post-acute and Long-term Care Study, 2020: Weighted National Estimates and Standard Errors, sum of Questions 26b, 26c, 26d [PDF-1.1 MB]

Mortality
  • Number of deaths of persons age 65 and over: 2,509,396
  • Deaths per 100,000 population:
    • 65-74: 2,072.3
    • 75-84: 4,997.0
    • 85 and over: 15,210.9

Source: National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2020) via CDC WONDER

Leading causes of death among persons aged 65 and over

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