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Malaria Information and Prophylaxis, by Country [B]

The information presented in this table is consistent 1 with the information in the Health Information for International Travel 2018 (CDC’s Yellow Book).
Click on the linked country name for a malaria map of that country.

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Country Areas with Malaria Estimated relative risk of Malaria for US Travelers2 Drug Resistance3 Malaria Species4 Recommended Chemoprophylaxis5 Key Information Needed and Helpful Links to Assess Need for Prophylaxis for Select Countries
Bahamas, The None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Bahrain None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Bangladesh All areas, except in the city of Dhaka. Low Chloroquine P.falciparum 90%, P. vivax 10%, and P. malariae rare Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine.
Barbados None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Belarus None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Belgium None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Belize Rare locally transmitted cases. None in Belize City and islands frequented by tourists such as Ambergris Caye. Very low None P.vivax 100% Mosquito avoidance only.
Benin All High Chloroquine P. falciparum 85%
P. ovale 5-10%
P. vivax rare
Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine
Bermuda (U.K.) None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Bhutan Rare cases in rural areas <1,700 m (5,577 ft) in districts along the southern border shared with India. Also rare seasonal cases May-Sept in Ha, Lhuentse, Monggar, Punakha, Trashigang, Trongsa, Tsirang, Yangtse, and Wangdue.  None in districts of Bumthang, Gaza, Paro, and Thimphu. Very low Chloroquine P. falciparum 70%
P. vivax 30%
Mosquito avoidance only.

 

Bolivia All areas below 2,500 m (8,202 ft). None in the city of La Paz Low Chloroquine P. vivax 93%
P. falciparum 7%
Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine, or primaquine7
Bosnia and Herzegovina None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Botswana Present in the following districts: Central and North West (including Chobe National Park). None in the cities of Francistown and Gabarone. Low Chloroquine P. falciparum 90%
P. vivax 5%
P. ovale 5%
Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine 1) City(ies) of travel
2) District(s) of travel

Map of districts in Botswana

Brazil All areas of the states of Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Rondonia, and Roraima. Also present in the states of Maranhão, Mato Grosso, and Para, but rare cases in their capital cities. Rare cases in the rural areas of the states of Espirito Santo, Goias, Mato Grasso do Sul, Piaui, and Tocantins. Rare cases in the rural forested areas of the states of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paolo. No malaria in the cities of Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro, São Paolo, and none at Iguaçu Falls Low Chloroquine P. vivax 85% P. falciparum 15% States of Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Rondonia, and Roraima. States of Maranhão, Mato Grosso, and Para (but not their capital cities): Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Areas with rare cases:

Mosquito avoidance only.

British Indian Ocean Territory; Includes Diego Garcia (U.K.) None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Brunei None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Bulgaria None None Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Burkina Faso All High Chloroquine P. falciparum >80%,
P. ovale 5-10%,
P. vivax rare
Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine
Burma (Myanmar) Present at altitudes below 1,000 m (3,281 ft), including Bagan. Rare transmission above 1,000m (3,281 ft). Moderate Chloroquine
Mefloquine
P. falciparum 60%,
P. vivax 35%, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi rare
In the provinces of Bago, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Shan, and Tanintharyi below 1,000m (3,281 ft): Atovaquone-proguanil or doxycycline.
All other areas with malaria: Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine.Above 1,000m (3,281 ft):
Mosquito avoidance only.
Burundi All Moderate Chloroquine P. falciparum 86%
P. malariae, P.ovale, and P. vivax 14% combined.
Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine
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