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Weekly U.S. Influenza Surveillance Report

FluView: A Weekly Influenza Surveillance Report Prepared by the Influenza Division

2018-2019 Influenza Season Week 2 ending January 12, 2019


All data are preliminary and may change as more reports are received.

An overview of the CDC influenza surveillance system, including methodology and detailed descriptions of each data component, is available at http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/overview.htm.

Synopsis:

Influenza activity remains elevated in the United States. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, influenza A(H3N2), and influenza B viruses continue to co-circulate. Below is a summary of the key influenza indicators for the week ending January 12, 2019:

  • Viral Surveillance: The percentage of respiratory specimens testing positive for influenza viruses in clinical laboratories decreased slightly. Influenza A viruses have predominated in the United States since the beginning of October. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses have predominated in most areas of the country, however influenza A(H3) viruses have predominated in the southeastern United States (HHS Region 4).
    • Virus Characterization: The majority of influenza viruses characterized antigenically and genetically are similar to the cell-grown reference viruses representing the 2018–2019 Northern Hemisphere influenza vaccine viruses.
    • Antiviral Resistance: None of the viruses tested were associated with highly reduced inhibition by any of the neuraminidase inhibitors (oseltamivir, zanamivir, and peramivir).
  • Influenza-like Illness Surveillance:The proportion of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) decreased from 3.5% to 3.1%, but remains above the national baseline of 2.2%. All 10 regions reported ILI at or above their region-specific baseline level.
    • ILI State Activity Indictor Map: Nine states experienced high ILI activity; New York City and 13 states experienced moderate ILI activity; 10 states experienced low ILI activity; and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and 18 states experienced minimal ILI activity.
  • Geographic Spread of Influenza: The geographic spread of influenza in Guam and 30 states was reported as widespread; Puerto Rico and 16 states reported regional activity; three states reported local activity; and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands and one state reported sporadic activity.
  • Influenza-associated Hospitalizations A cumulative rate of 12.4 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations per 100,000 population was reported. The highest hospitalization rate is among adults 65 years and older (31.9 hospitalizations per 100,000 population).
  • Pneumonia and Influenza Mortality: The proportion of deaths attributed to pneumonia and influenza (P&I) was below the system-specific epidemic threshold in the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Mortality Surveillance System.
  • Influenza-associated Pediatric Deaths: Three influenza-associated pediatric deaths were reported to CDC during week 2.

National and Regional Summary of Select Surveillance Components

HHS Surveillance Regions* Data for current weekPredominant flu virus reported by public health laboratories for the most recent three weeks
Out-patient ILI Number of jurisdictions reporting regional or widespread activity§ % respiratory specimens positive for flu in clinical laboratories
Nation Elevated 46 of 54 12.4% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 1 Elevated 6 of 6 17.3% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 2 Elevated 3 of 4 13.1% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 3 Elevated 4 of 6 9.2% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 4 Elevated 7 of 8 17.0% Influenza A(H3)
Region 5 Elevated 6 of 6 11.6% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 6 Elevated 5 of 5 16.3% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 7 Elevated 4 of 4 10.3% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 8 Elevated 6 of 6 16.4% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 9 Elevated 4 of 5 14.2% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09
Region 10 Elevated 3 of 4 10.3% Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09

*https://www.hhs.gov/about/agencies/iea/regional-offices/index.html
† Elevated means the % of visits for ILI is at or above the national or region-specific baseline
§ Includes all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
‡ National data are for current week; regional data are for the most recent three weeks


    U.S. Virologic Surveillance:

    WHO and NREVSS collaborating laboratories, which include both public health and clinical laboratories located in all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the District of Columbia, report to CDC the total number of respiratory specimens tested for influenza and the number positive for influenza by virus type. In addition, public health laboratories also report the influenza A subtype (H1 or H3) and influenza B lineage information of the viruses they test and the age or age group of the persons from whom the specimens were collected.

    Additional virologic data, including national, regional and select state-level data, can be found at: http://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/fluportaldashboard.html. Age group proportions and totals by influenza subtype reported by public health laboratories can be found at: http://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/flu_by_age_virus.html.

    The results of tests performed by clinical laboratories are summarized below.

      Week 2 Data Cumulative since
    September 30, 2018 (Week 40)
    No. of specimens tested 31,051 407,503
    No. of positive specimens (%) 3,856 (12.4%) 26,430 (7.3%)
    Positive specimens by type    
        Influenza A 3,730 (96.7%) 30,028 (94.5%)
        Influenza B 126 (3.3%) 1,752 (5.5%)

    INFLUENZA Virus Isolated
    View National and Regional Level Graphs and Data | View Chart Data | View Full Screen | View PowerPoint Presentation


    The results of tests performed by public health laboratories are summarized below.

      Week 2 Data Cumulative since
    September 30, 2018 (Week 40)
    No. of specimens tested 1,399 21,296
    No. of positive specimens* 752 7,035
    Positive specimens by type/subtype    
             Influenza A 743 (98.8%) 6,789 (96.6%)
                (H1N1)pdm09 605 (89.1%) 5,214 (81.6%)
                 H3N2 74 (10.9%) 1,173 (18.4%)
                 Subtyping not performed 64 411
           Influenza B 9 (1.2%) 237 (3.4%)
                Yamagata lineage 4 (100%) 110 (59.5%)
                Victoria lineage 0 (0%) 75 (40.5%)
                Lineage not performed 5 52

    *The percent of specimens testing positive for influenza is not reported because public health laboratories often receive samples that have already tested positive for influenza at a clinical laboratory and therefore percent positive would not be a valid indicator of influenza activity. Additional information is available at http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/overview.htm.

    INFLUENZA Virus Isolated
    View National and Regional Level Graphs and Data | View Chart Data | View Full Screen | View PowerPoint Presentation


    Influenza Virus Characterization:

    Close monitoring of influenza viruses is required to better assess the potential impact on public health. CDC characterizes influenza viruses through one or more tests including genomic sequencing, hemagglutination inhibition (HI) and/or neutralization assays based Focus Reduction assays (FRA). These data are used to compare how similar currently circulating influenza viruses are to the reference viruses used for developing new influenza vaccines and to monitor evolutionary changes that continually occur in influenza viruses circulating in humans. Antigenic and genetic characterization of circulating influenza viruses gives an indication of the influenza vaccine's ability to induce an immune response against the wide array of influenza viruses that are co-circulating every season. However, annual vaccine effectiveness estimates are needed to determine how much protection was provided to the population by vaccination.

    For nearly all influenza-positive surveillance samples received at CDC, next-generation sequencing is performed to determine the genetic identity of circulating influenza viruses and to monitor the evolutionary trajectory of viruses circulating in our population. Virus gene segments are classified into genetic clades/subclades based on phylogenetic analysis. However, genetic changes that classify the clades/subclades do not always result in antigenic changes. “Antigenic drift” is a term used to describe gradual antigenic change that occurs as viruses evolve changes to escape host immune pressure. Antigenic drift is evaluated by comparing antigenic properties of cell-propagated reference viruses representing currently recommended vaccine components with those of cell-propagated circulating viruses.

    CDC has antigenically or genetically characterized 562 influenza viruses collected September 30, 2018 – January 12, 2019, and submitted by U.S. laboratories, including 341 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses, 163 influenza A(H3N2) viruses, and 58 influenza B viruses.

    Influenza A Viruses

    • A (H1N1)pdm09: Phylogenetic analysis of the HA genes from 341 A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses showed that all belonged to clade 6B.1. One hundred thirty-six A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses were antigenically characterized, and 134 (98.5%) were antigenically similar (analyzed using HI with ferret antisera) to A/Michigan/45/2015 (6B.1), a cell-propagated A/Michigan/45/2015-like reference virus representing the A(H1N1)pdm09 component for the 2018-19 Northern Hemisphere influenza vaccines.
    • A (H3N2): Phylogenetic analysis of the HA genes from 163 A(H3N2) viruses revealed extensive genetic diversity with multiple clades/subclades co-circulating. The HA genes of circulating viruses belonged to clade 3C.2a (n=48), subclade 3C.2a1 (n=78) or clade 3C.3a (n=37). Six A(H3N2) viruses were antigenically characterized by FRA with ferret antisera, and all 6 (100%) A(H3N2) viruses tested were well-inhibited (reacting at titers that were within 4-fold of the homologous virus titer) by ferret antisera raised against A/Singapore/INFIMH-16-0019/2016 (3C.2a1), a cell-propagated A/Singapore/INFIMH-16-0019/2016-like reference virus representing the A(H3N2) component of  2018-19 Northern Hemisphere influenza vaccines.

    Influenza B Viruses

    • B/Victoria: Phylogenetic analysis of 18 B/Victoria-lineage viruses indicate that all HA genes belonged to genetic clade V1A, however genetic subclades which are antigenically distinct have emerged. Genetic subclades which are antigenically distinct include viruses with a two amino acid deletion (162-163) in the HA protein (V1A.1, previously abbreviated as V1A-2Del) and viruses with a three amino acid deletion (162-164) in the HA protein (abbreviated as V1A-3Del). Eight B/Victoria lineage viruses were antigenically characterized and 4 (50%) were antigenically similar with ferret antisera raised against cell-propagated B/Colorado/06/2017-like V1A.1 reference virus.  Four (50%) reacted poorly (at titers that were 8-fold or greater reduced compared with the homologous virus titer) and belonged to clade V1A.
    • B/Yamagata: Phylogenetic analysis of 40 influenza B/Yamagata-lineage viruses indicate that the HA genes belonged to clade Y3. A total of 33 influenza B/Yamagata-lineage viruses were antigenically characterized, and all were antigenically similar to cell-propagated B/Phuket/3073/2013 (Y3), the reference vaccine virus representing the influenza B/Yamagata-lineage component of the 2018-19 Northern Hemisphere quadrivalent vaccines.

    The majority of U.S. viruses submitted for characterization come from state and local public health laboratories. Due to Right Size Roadmap considerations, specimen submission guidance to laboratories is that, if available, 2 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, 2 influenza A(H3N2), and 2 influenza B viruses be submitted every other week. Therefore, the numbers of each virus type/subtype characterized should be more balanced across subtypes/lineages but will not reflect the actual proportion of circulating viruses. In the figure below, the results of tests performed by public health labs are shown on the left and CDC sequence results (by genetic clade/subclade) are shown on the right.


    Genetic Characterization
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      Antiviral Resistance:

      Testing of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, influenza A(H3N2), and influenza B viruses for resistance to the neuraminidase inhibitors (oseltamivir, zanamivir, and peramivir) is performed at CDC using next-generation sequencing analysis and/or a functional assay. Neuraminidase sequences of viruses are inspected to detect the presence of amino acid substitutions,previously associated with reduced or highly reduced inhibition by any of three neuraminidase inhibitors. In addition, a subset of viruses are tested using the neuraminidase inhibition assay with three neuraminidase inhibitors. The level of neuraminidase activity inhibition is reported using the thresholds recommended by the World Health Organization Expert Working Group of the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS)These samples are routinely obtained for surveillance purposes rather than for diagnostic testing of patients suspected to be infected with an antiviral-resistant virus.

      Reporting of baloxavir susceptibility testing for the 2018-2019 influenza season will begin later this season. More information regarding influenza antiviral drug resistance can be found here.

      High levels of resistance to the adamantanes (amantadine and rimantadine) persist among influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and influenza A(H3N2) viruses (the adamantanes are not effective against influenza B viruses). Therefore, data from adamantane resistance testing are not presented below.

      Assessment of Virus Susceptibility to Neuraminidase Inhibitors Using Next-Generation Sequencing Analysis and/or Neuraminidase Inhibition Assay

      Type/Subtype or Lineage Inhibition of Neuraminidase Activity by Antiviral Drug
      Oseltamivir Peramivir Zanamivir
      Virus Tested (n) Reduced, Number (%) Highly Reduced, Number (%) Virus Tested (n) Reduced, Number (%) Highly Reduced, Number (%) Virus Tested (n) Reduced, Number (%) Highly Reduced, Number (%)
      Total Viruses 497 1 (0.2%) 0 (0%) 497 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 497 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
      A(H1N1)pdm09 303 1 (0.3%) 0 (0%) 303 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 303 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
      A(H3N2) 141 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 141 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 141 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
      B/Victoria 15 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 15 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 15 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
      B/Yamagata 38 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 38 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 38 0 (0%) 0 (0%)

      Antiviral treatment as early as possible is recommended for patients with confirmed or suspected influenza who have severe, complicated, or progressive illness; who require hospitalization; or who are at high risk for serious influenza-related complications. Additional information on recommendations for treatment and chemoprophylaxis of influenza virus infection with antiviral agents is available at:http://www.cdc.gov/flu/antivirals/index.htm.




      Outpatient Illness Surveillance:

      Nationwide during week 2, 3.1% of patient visits reported through the U.S. Outpatient Influenza-like Illness Surveillance Network (ILINet) were due to influenza-like illness (ILI). This percentage is above the national baseline of 2.2%. (ILI is defined as fever (temperature of 100°F [37.8°C] or greater) and cough and/or sore throat.)

      On a regional level, the percentage of outpatient visits for ILI ranged from 1.8% to 4.2% during week 2.  All 10 regions reported a percentage of outpatient visits for ILI at or above their region-specific baseline.

      Additional data on medically attended visits for ILI for current and past seasons and by geography (national, HHS region, or select states) are available on FluView Interactive http://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/fluportaldashboard.html.

      national levels of ILI and ARI
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      ILINet State Activity Indicator Map:

      Data collected in ILINet are used to produce a measure of ILI activity* by state. Activity levels are based on the percent of outpatient visits in a state due to ILI and are compared to the average percent of ILI visits that occur during weeks with little or no influenza virus circulation. Activity levels range from minimal, which would correspond to ILI activity from outpatient clinics being below, or only slightly above, the average, to high, which would correspond to ILI activity from outpatient clinics being much higher than average.

      The ILI Activity Indicator Map displays state-specific activity levels for multiple seasons and allows a visual representation of relative activity from state to state. More information is available on FluView Interactive at https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/main.html.

      During week 2, the following ILI activity levels were experienced:

      • Nine states (Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, and Oklahoma) experienced high ILI activity.
      • New York City and 13 states (Alabama, Arizona, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maryland, Nevada, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Vermont) experienced moderate ILI activity.
      • 10 states (California, Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New York, Rhode Island, Washington, and Wisconsin) experienced low ILI activity.
      • The District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and 18 states (Alaska, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Wyoming) experienced minimal ILI activity.

      *This map uses the proportion of outpatient visits to health care providers for ILI to measure the ILI activity level within a state. It does not, however, measure the extent of geographic spread of flu within a state. Therefore, outbreaks occurring in a single city could cause the state to display high activity levels.
      Data collected in ILINet may disproportionally represent certain populations within a state, and therefore, may not accurately depict the full picture of influenza activity for the whole state.
      Data displayed in this map are based on data collected in ILINet, whereas the State and Territorial flu activity map is based on reports from state and territorial epidemiologists. The data presented in this map are preliminary and may change as more data are received.
      Differences in the data presented here by CDC and independently by some state health departments likely represent differing levels of data completeness with data presented by the state likely being the more complete.



      Geographic Spread of Influenza as Assessed by State and Territorial Epidemiologists

      The influenza activity reported by state and territorial epidemiologists indicates geographic spread of influenza viruses, but does not measure the severity of influenza activity. Additional data displaying the influenza activity reported by state and territorial epidemiologists for the current and past seasons are available on FluView Interactive at https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/FluView8.html

      During week 2, the following influenza activity was reported:

      • Widespread influenza activity was reported by Guam and 30 states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Wyoming).
      • Regional influenza activity was reported by Puerto Rico and 16 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin).
      • Local influenza activity was reported by three states (Alaska, Tennessee, and West Virginia).
      • Sporadic influenza activity was reported by the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands and one state (Hawaii).

        • Influenza-Associated Hospitalizations:

          The Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET) conducts population-based surveillance for laboratory-confirmed influenza-related hospitalizations in select counties in the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) states and Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Project (IHSP) states.

          A total of 3,568 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations were reported by FluSurv-NET sites between October 1, 2018 and January 12, 2019. The overall hospitalization rate was 12.4 per 100,000 population. The highest rate of hospitalization was among adults aged ≥65 (31.9 per 100,000 population), followed by children aged 0-4 (23.5 per 100,000 population) and adults aged 50-64 (16.3 per 100,000 population). Among 3,568 hospitalizations, 3,294 (92.3%) were associated with influenza A virus, 220 (6.2%) with influenza B virus, 24 (0.7%) with influenza A virus and influenza B virus co-infection, and 30 (0.8%) with influenza virus for which the type was not determined. Among those with influenza A subtype information, 571 (78.2%) were A(H1N1)pdm09 virus and 159 (21.8%) were A(H3N2).

          Among 353 hospitalized adults with information on underlying medical conditions, 322 (91.2%) had at least one reported underlying medical condition, the most commonly reported were obesity, metabolic disorder and cardiovascular disease. Among 95 hospitalized children with information on underlying medical conditions, 36 (37.9%) had at least one underlying medical condition; the most commonly reported were asthma and obesity. Among 72 hospitalized women of childbearing age (15-44 years) with information on pregnancy status, 13 (18.0%) were pregnant.

           Additional FluSurv-NET data displaying hospitalization rates for the current and past seasons and different age groups, as well as data on patient characteristics (such as influenza virus type, demographic, and clinical information), are available on FluView Interactive at: http://gis.cdc.gov/GRASP/Fluview/FluHospRates.html and http://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/FluHospChars.html.

          FluSurv-Net data is used to generate national estimates of the total numbers of flu cases, medical visits, and hospitalizations. This season, CDC is reporting preliminary cumulative in-season estimates, which are available at https://cdc.gov/flu/about/burden/preliminary-in-season-estimates.htm.

          Click on graph to launch interactive tool

          Data from the Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET), a population-based surveillance for influenza related hospitalizations in children and adults in 13 U.S. states. Cumulative incidence rates are calculated using the National Center for Health Statistics’ (NCHS) population estimates for the counties included in the surveillance catchment area.

          View Interactive Application | View Full Screen | View PowerPoint Presentation


          Click on graph to launch interactive tool2

          FluSurv-NET data are preliminary and displayed as they become available. Therefore, figures are based on varying denominators as some variables represent information that may require more time to be collected. Data are refreshed and updated weekly. Asthma includes a medical diagnosis of asthma or reactive airway disease; Cardiovascular diseases include conditions such as coronary heart disease, cardiac valve disorders, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension; does not include isolated hypertension; Chronic lung diseases include conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchiolitis obliterans, chronic aspiration pneumonia, and interstitial lung disease; Immune suppression includes conditions such as immunoglobulin deficiency, leukemia, lymphoma, HIV/AIDS, and individuals taking immunosuppressive medications; Metabolic disorders include conditions such as diabetes mellitus; Neurologic diseases include conditions such as seizure disorders, cerebral palsy, and cognitive dysfunction; Neuromuscular diseases include conditions such as multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy; Obesity was assigned if indicated in patient's medical chart or if body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2; Pregnancy percentage calculated using number of female cases aged between 15 and 44 years of age as the denominator; Renal diseases include conditions such as acute or chronic renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, and impaired creatinine clearance; No known condition indicates that the case did not have any known high risk medical condition indicated in medical chart at the time of hospitalization.

          View Interactive Application | View Full Screen | View PowerPoint Presentation


          Pneumonia and Influenza (P&I) Mortality Surveillance:

          Based on National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) mortality surveillance data available on January 17, 2019, 6.9% of the deaths occurring during the week ending January 5, 2019 (week 1) were due to P&I. This percentage is below the epidemic threshold of 7.0% for week 1.

          Additional pneumonia and influenza mortality data for current and past seasons and by geography (national, HHS region, or state) are available at on FluView Interactive http://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/fluview/mortality.html. Data displayed on the regional and state-level are aggregated by the state of residence of the decedent.

          INFLUENZA Virus Isolated
          View Regional and State Level Data | View Chart Data | View Full Screen | View PowerPoint Presentation


          Influenza-Associated Pediatric Mortality:

          Three influenza-associated pediatric deaths were reported to CDC during week 2. Two deaths were associated with an influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus and occurred during weeks 52 and 2 (the weeks ending December 29, 2018 and January 12, 2019, respectively).  One death was associated with an influenza A virus for which no subtyping was performed and occurred during week 52.

          A total of 19 influenza-associated pediatric deaths occurring during the 2018-2019 season have been reported to CDC.

          Additional information on influenza-associated pediatric deaths including basic demographics, underlying conditions, bacterial co-infections, and place of death for the current and past seasons, is available on FluView Interactive http://gis.cdc.gov/GRASP/Fluview/PedFluDeath.html.

          Click on image to launch interactive tool

          View Interactive Application | View Full Screen | View PowerPoint Presentation


          Additional National and International Influenza Surveillance Information


          FluView Interactive: FluView includes enhanced web-based interactive applications that can provide dynamic visuals of the influenza data collected and analyzed by CDC. These FluView Interactive applications allow people to create customized, visual interpretations of influenza data, as well as make comparisons across flu seasons, regions, age groups and a variety of other demographics. To access these tools, visit http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/fluviewinteractive.htm.

          U.S. State and local influenza surveillance: Click on a jurisdiction below to access the latest local influenza information.

          Alabama

          Alaska

          Arizona

          Arkansas

          California

          Colorado

          Connecticut

          Delaware

          District of Columbia

          Florida

          Georgia

          Hawaii

          Idaho

          Illinois

          Indiana

          Iowa

          Kansas

          Kentucky

          Louisiana

          Maine

          Maryland

          Massachusetts

          Michigan

          Minnesota

          Mississippi

          Missouri

          Montana

          Nebraska

          Nevada

          New Hampshire

          New Jersey

          New Mexico

          New York

          North Carolina

          North Dakota

          Ohio

          Oklahoma

          Oregon

          Pennsylvania

          Rhode Island

          South Carolina

          South Dakota

          Tennessee

          Texas

          Utah

          Vermont

          Virginia

          Washington

          West Virginia

          Wisconsin

          Wyoming

          New York City

          Puerto Rico

          Virgin Islands



          World Health Organization: Additional influenza surveillance information from participating WHO member nations is available through FluNet and the Global Epidemiology Reports.

          WHO Collaborating Centers for Influenza located in Australia, China, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States (CDC in Atlanta, Georgia).

          Europe: For the most recent influenza surveillance information from Europe, please see WHO/Europe and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control at http://www.flunewseurope.org/.

          Public Health Agency of Canada: The most up-to-date influenza information from Canada is available at http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/

          Public Health England: The most up-to-date influenza information from the United Kingdom is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/weekly-national-flu-reports



          Any links provided to non-Federal organizations are provided solely as a service to our users. These links do not constitute an endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the Federal Government, and none should be inferred. CDC is not responsible for the content of the individual organization web pages found at these links.

          An overview of the CDC influenza surveillance system, including methodology and detailed descriptions of each data component, is available at: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/overview.htm.

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