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National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017

Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States

Background

The National Diabetes Statistics Report [PDF – 1 MB] is a periodic publication of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that provides updated statistics about diabetes in the United States for a scientific audience. It includes information on prevalence and incidence of diabetes, prediabetes, risk factors for complications, acute and long-term complications, deaths, and
costs. These data can help focus efforts to prevent and control diabetes across the United States. This report was previously known as the National Diabetes Fact Sheet.

Methods

The estimates in this document (unless otherwise noted) were derived from various data systems of CDC, the Indian Health Service (IHS), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the U.S. Census Bureau, and published studies. The estimated percentages and the total number of people with diabetes and prediabetes were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), IHS National Data Warehouse (NDW), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), United States Diabetes Surveillance System (USDSS), and U.S. resident population estimates.

Numbers and rates for acute and long-term complications of diabetes were derived from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and National Emergency Department Sample (NEDS), as well as NHIS. Diagnosed diabetes was determined by self-report among survey respondents and by diagnostic codes for American Indians and Alaska Natives who accessed IHS, tribal, or Urban Indian health facilities that submitted data to the IHS NDW.

Both fasting glucose and hemoglobin A1C (A1C) levels were used to derive estimates for undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes. An alpha level of 0.05 was used when assessing statistical differences between groups.

Most estimates of diabetes in this report do not differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, because type 2 diabetes accounts for 90% to 95% of all diabetes cases, the data presented are likely to be more characteristic of type 2 diabetes. More detailed information about data sources and methods is available in the Appendix.

A family cooking together

 

Fast Facts on Diabetes

30.3 million people have diabetes
(9.4% of the U.S. population)

Diagnosed

23.1 million people


Undiagnosed

7.2 million
(23.8% of people with diabetes are undiagnosed)

Acknowledgments

The following organizations provided content and helped compile data for this report:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation
  • Indian Health Service, Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention
  • National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

The following organizations collaborated on the content of this report:

  • American Diabetes Association
  • JDRF

Related Information

Infographics – Infographics for sharing on social media
CDC’s United States Diabetes Surveillance System – Diabetes Data and Statistics

References

  1. Mayer-Davis EJ, Lawrence JM, Dabelea D, et al. Incidence trends of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youths, 2002–2012. N Engl J Med. 2017;376:1419–1429.
  2. Murphy D, McCulloch CE, Lin F, et al. Trends in prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 2016;165:473–481.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Surveillance Project website.
    https://nccd.cdc.gov/CKD/default.aspx. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  4. United States Renal Data System. 2016 USRDS Annual Data Report: Epidemiology of Kidney Disease in the United States. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health; 2016.
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About Underlying Cause of Death 1999–2015. CDC WONDER Database. http://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html. Updated December 2016. Accessed April 4, 2017.
  6. American Diabetes Association. Economic costs of diabetes in the U.S. in 2012. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(4):1033–1046.

Suggested Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services; 2017

  • Page last reviewed: March 6, 2018
  • Page last updated: March 6, 2018, 12:00 AM
  • Content source:
  • Maintained By:
    • National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation
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