Applied Research and Surveillance
Applied research includes studies to identify risk factors that can change; determine the effectiveness of interventions at the individual, health care system, community, and policy levels; and prioritize the value of successful interventions.
Surveillance involves the collection and analysis of data to identify the burden and magnitude of diabetes and its related conditions; valuate the impact of diabetes prevention programs; guide decision-making; and prioritize national public health objectives.
- Longitudinal Epidemiologic Assessment of Diabetes Risk (LEADR)
The LEADR project established a population-based cohort using electronic health records from DARTnet, a collaboration of practice-based research networks, to assess incidence of type 2 diabetes; identify traditional and emerging risk factors for type 2 diabetes; develop and test strategies for identifying people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes; and assess the availability, delivery, and impact of type 2 diabetes preventive care, counseling, and referral to diabetes prevention programs.
- Location, Environmental Attributes, and Disparities (LEAD) Studyexternal icon
The LEAD study examines community characteristics associated with geographic disparities and cardiometabolic health.
- SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Studyexternal icon (Population-based Diabetes in Youth Registry)
SEARCH monitors how many US children and adolescents are affected by diabetes, how many are newly diagnosed, and whether diabetes is increasing over time. SEARCH is the first and only ongoing assessment of trends in type 1 and type 2 diabetes in youth.
- Diabetes in Young Adults (DiYA) Study
The DiYA study assesses new cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in young adults (aged 20–45 years) using data from Kaiser Permanente in California. Although half of the cases of type 1 diabetes occur in adulthood, there are very limited data on the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the U.S. adult population.
- Lawrence JM, Divers J, Isom S, Saydah S, Imperatore G, Pihoker C, Marcovina SM, Mayer-Davis EJ, Hamman RF, Dolan L, Dabelea D, Pettitt DJ, Liese AD; SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group. Trends in prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in the US, 2001–2017.external icon JAMA. 2021 Aug 24;326(8):717–727.
- Hirsch AG, Nordberg CM, Chang A, Poulsen MN, Moon KA, Siegel KR, Rolka DB, Schwartz BS. Association of community socioeconomic deprivation with evidence of reduced kidney function at time of type 2 diabetes diagnosis.external icon Social Science & Medicine — Population Health. 2021 Sep;15:100876.
- Shah AS, Isom S, Dabelea D, D’Agostino R Jr, Dolan LM, Wagenknecht L, Imperatore G, Saydah S, Liese AD, Lawrence JM, Pihoker C, Urbina EM; SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group. A cross sectional study to compare cardiac structure and diastolic function in adolescents and young adults with youth-onset type 1 and type 2 diabetes: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study.external icon Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2021 Jul 7;20(1):136.