Applied Research and Surveillance
Applied research includes studies to identify risk factors that can change; determine the effectiveness of interventions at the individual, health care system, community, and policy levels; and prioritize the value of successful interventions.
Surveillance involves the collection and analysis of data to identify the burden and magnitude of diabetes and its related conditions; valuate the impact of diabetes prevention programs; guide decision-making; and prioritize national public health objectives.
- Location, Environmental Attributes, and Disparities (LEAD) Studyexternal icon
The LEAD study examines community characteristics associated with geographic disparities and cardiometabolic health.
- SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Studyexternal icon (Population-based Diabetes in Youth Registry)
SEARCH monitors how many US children and adolescents are affected by diabetes, how many are newly diagnosed, and whether diabetes is increasing over time. SEARCH is the first and only ongoing assessment of trends in type 1 and type 2 diabetes in youth.
- Diabetes in Young Adults (DiYA) Study
The DiYA study assesses new cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in young adults (aged 20–45 years) using data from Kaiser Permanente in California. Although half of the cases of type 1 diabetes occur in adulthood, there are very limited data on the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the U.S. adult population.
- Assessing the Burden of Diabetes by Type in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults (DiCAYA) Study
The DiCAYA study is a multi-center collaboration aiming to capitalize on electronic health record data to modernize diabetes surveillance efforts and monitor trends in diabetes prevalence and incidence by diabetes type.
- Malik FS, Sauder KA, Isom S, Reboussin BA, Dabelea D, Lawrence JM, Roberts A, Mayer-Davis EJ, Marcovina S, Dolan L, Igudesman D, Pihoker C; SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study. Trends in glycemic control among youth and young adults with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study.external icon Diabetes Care. 2022 Feb 1;45(2):285–294.
- Lawrence JM, Reynolds K, Saydah SH, Mottl A, Pihoker C, Dabelea D, Dolan L, Henkin L, Liese AD, Isom S, Divers J, Wagenknecht L; SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group. Demographic correlates of short-term mortality among youth and young adults with youth-onset diabetes diagnosed from 2002 to 2015: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study.external icon Diabetes Care. 2021 Dec;44(12):2691–2698.
- Barrett CE, Koyama AK, Álvarez P, Chow W, Lundeen EA, Perrine CG, Pavkov ME, Rolka DB, Wiltz JL, Bull-Otterson L, Gray S, Boehmer TK, Gundlapalli AV, Siegel DA, Kompaniyets L, Goodman AB, Mahon BE, Tauxe RV, Remley K, Saydah S. Risk for newly diagnosed diabetes >30 days after SARS-CoV-2 infection among persons aged <18 years — United States, March 1, 2020–June 28, 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Report. 2022 Jan 14;71(2):59-65.