Creating or modifying environments to make it easier for people to walk or bike is a strategy that not only helps increase physical activity, but can make our communities better places to live. Communities designed to support physical activity are often called active communities. The Guide to Community Preventive Services recommends strategies to increase physical activity that are related to walkability—community-scale urban design, street-scale urban design, and improving access to places for physical activity (including providing maps and descriptive information).
Check out the resources below for even more ways to increase physical activity in the community.
Connecting Routes + Destinations
This package of resources can help state and local health departments, public health professionals, and community organizations as they aim to build more activity-friendly communities. To increase physical activity, the Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommendsexternal icon built environment approaches that combine one or more interventions to improve pedestrian or bicycle transportation systems (activity-friendly routes) with one or more land use and community design interventions (everyday destinations).
Physical Activity in the Community
- Active People, Healthy NationSM
CDC is working with states and communities to improve the built environment as part of Active People, Healthy Nation – Creating an Active America, TogetherSM. This initiative aims to help 27 million Americans become more physically active by 2027 to improve their overall health and quality of life and to reduce healthcare costs.
- What Works: Strategies to Increase Physical Activity
To help reach Active People, Healthy Nation’s goal of 27 million Americans becoming more physically active, communities can implement these evidence-based strategies to increase physical activity across sectors and settings.
- The CDC Guide to Strategies to Increase Physical Activity in the Communitypdf icon[PDF-1.2MB]
This document provides guidance for program managers, policy makers, and others on how to select strategies to increase physical activity in the community.
- Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd edition pdf icon[PDF-15.2MB]external icon
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has issued a new edition of the Guidelines to describe the amounts and types of physical activity needed to maintain or improve overall health and reduce the risk of chronic disease.
- State and Local Examples
- CDC Workplace Health Promotion
The Built Environment
- The Built Environment Assessment Tool (BEAT)
This tool helps assess core features and qualities of the built environment that affect health, especially walking, biking, and other types of physical activity.
- CDC’s Designing and Building Healthy Places
This website offers tools and evidence-based health strategies for community planning, transportation, and land-use decisions.
Public Transportation and Health
- Increasing Access to Safer and Healthier Modes of Transportation
Public transportation systems provide opportunities for increased physical activity in the form of walking or biking on either end of the trip (e.g., from home to bus stop or from train stop to office) and reduced motor vehicle travel. The Health Impact in 5 Years (HI-5) initiative highlights non-clinical, community-wide approaches that have evidence reporting 1) positive health impacts, 2) results within five years, and 3) cost effectiveness and/or cost savings over the lifetime of the population or earlier.
Evidence-based Strategies and Community Examples
Zoning for Walkability
Zoning regulations can be used to foster walkable communities. The following resources relate to this strategy.
- Components of Local Land Development and Related Zoning Policies Associated with Increased Walking: A Primer for Public Health Practitioner pdf icon[PDF-4.94MB]external icon
This document provides a primer for public health practitioners and others interested in engaging with local planning and zoning officials. Specific community examples and links to key resources are provided through the primer along with a glossary of key terms used by the planning and zoning sectors.
- Zoning Code Reforms are Associated with Walking Behaviors in a Nationwide Evaluation pdf icon[PDF-293KB]external icon
This factsheet summarizes key findings from a recently completed nationwide evaluation of the relationship between zoning code reforms and both leisure time and active travel-related walking and activity.
- Zoning Elements are Associated with Walking Behaviors in a Nationwide Evaluation pdf icon[PDF-489KB]external icon
This factsheet summarizes key findings from a recently completed nationwide evaluation of the relationship between zoning elements supportive of walking and both leisure time and active travel-related walking.
Complete Streets Policies
- Complete Streets Policies in the United States, 2006 – 2018 pdf icon[PDF-4.5MB]external icon
These maps by the National Complete Streets Coalition show the adoption of state, local, and regional Complete Streets Policies from 2006 to 2018 across the United States.