Youth Violence Resources

Articles

Definitions Articles:

  • Dahlberg, L. L., & Krug, E. G. (2002). Violence: A global public health problem. In E. G. Krug, L. L. Dahlberg, J. A. Mercy, A. B. Zwi, & R. Lozano (Eds.), World report on violence and health (pp. 1-56). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
  • Mercy, J., Butchart, A., Farrington, D., & Cerdá, M. (2002). Youth violence. In E. G. Krug, L. L. Dahlberg, J. A. Mercy, A. B. Zwi, & R. Lozano (Eds.), World report on violence and health (pp. 25-56). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Consequences Articles:

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWRs):

Risk and Protective Factors Articles:

  • Mercy J, Butchart A, Farrington D, Cerdá M. Youth violence. In: Krug E, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA, Zwi AB, Lozano R, editors. World report on violence and healthpdf iconexternal icon. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization; 2002. p. 25-56.
  • Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). Youth violence: a report of the Surgeon General [online]; 2001. Available from: URL: www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/youthviolence/toc.htmlexternal icon.
  • Lipsey MW, Derzon JH. Predictors of violent and serious delinquency in adolescence and early adulthood: a synthesis of longitudinal research. In: Loeber R, Farrington DP, editors. Serious and violent juvenile offenders: risk factors and successful interventions. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications; 1998. p. 86−105.
  • Resnick MD, Ireland M, Borowsky I. Youth violence perpetration: what protects? What predicts? Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Journal of Adolescent Health 2004;35:424.e1−e10.
  • Dubow, EF, Huesmann, LR, Boxer, P, Smith, C. Childhood and adolescent risk and protective factors for violence in adulthood. Journal of Criminal Justice 2016; 45, 26-31.
  • Lösel, F, & Farrington, D P. Direct protective and buffering protective factors in the development of youth violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012; 43(2), S8-S23.

Publications

Fact Sheet:

Publications:

CDC Data Sources:

Other Federal Data Sources:

CDC Resources:

Other Federal Resources:

  • CrimeSolutions.govexternal icon
    The U.S. Department of Justice developed this resource to provide practitioners and policy makers with information about effective strategies in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and victim services.
  • National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)external icon
    This website offers information on criminal and juvenile justice, supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, the Office of National Drug Control Policy, and the Office for Victims of Crime Resource Center.
  • National Gang Center (NGC)external icon
    NGC disseminates information, knowledge, and practices that engage and empower communities with chronic and emerging gang problems to prevent gang violence, reduce gang involvement, and suppress gang-related crime.
  • National Institute of Justiceexternal icon.
    NIJ is the research, development and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. NIJ provides information and tools to inform the decision-making of the criminal and juvenile justice communities to reduce crime and advance justice.

Additional Online Resources:

  • Blueprints for Healthy Youth Developmentexternal icon
    This is an online resource for communities to learn more about model or promising programs that reduce youth violence or key risk factors for violence and promote healthy youth behavior and relationships.
  • Children’s Safety Networkexternal icon
    This Network provides resources and technical assistance to maternal and child health agencies and organizations seeking to reduce unintentional injuries and violence toward children and adolescents.
  • The Community Guide for Violence Preventionexternal icon
    The Community Guide, developed by the Task Force for Community Preventive Services, includes recommendations for preventing youth violence based on systematic reviews of evidence-based strategies.
Bullying Research
CDC’s web page that provides information about bullying.

 

Articles

Publications

Definitions:

Fact Sheet:

Publications:

Additional Resources

Prevent Gang Membership
CDC’s web page that provides information about preventing gang membership.

 

Articles

  • Simon T, Ritter N, Mahendra R, editors. Changing Course: Preventing Gang Membership. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013.

Publications

Additional Resources

  • National Gang Center (NGC)external icon
    NGC provides best‐practice information, resources, training, strategic tools, and expertise to assist those who are working to prevent youth from joining gangs, intervene with those who are gang‐involved, and suppress criminal and violent street gang activity.
School Violence
CDC’s web page that provides information about School Violence.

 

Articles

  • Lester, S, Lawrence C, Ward CL. What do we know about preventing school violence? A systematic review of systematic reviews. Psychology, Health and Medicine 2017; 22:Sup1 187-223.
  • Zych I, Ortega-Ruiz R, & Del Rey R. Systematic review of theoretical studies on bullying and cyberbullying: Facts, knowledge, prevention, and intervention. Aggression and Violent Behavior 2015; 23 1-21.
  • Matjasko JL, Vivolo-Kantor AM, Massetti GM, Holland KM, Holt MK, Cruz JD. A systematic meta-review of evaluations of youth violence prevention programs: Common and divergent findings from 25 years of meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Aggression and Violent Behavior 2012; 17 540-552.
  • Hankin A, Hertz M, Simon T. Impacts of metal detector use in schools: insights from 15 years of research. Journal of School Health 2011;81 100-106.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWRs):

Publications

Additional Resources

  • Guide to Community Preventive Servicesexternal icon
    This is a resource for systematic reviews and recommendations about what works to stop school and youth violence.
  • Health Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT)
    The HECAT contains guidance, appraisal tools, and resources to help schools conduct an analysis of health education curricula based on the National Health Education Standards and CDC’s Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum.
  • School Connectedness: Strategies for Increasing Protective Factors among Youth
    When students feel connected to school, they are less likely to engage in a variety of risk behaviors, including violence and gang involvement, and they have higher grades and test scores and better school attendance. This resource provides school administrators and teachers with strategies to enhance school connectedness among students.
  • School Health Index
    This assessment and planning tool can be used by schools to develop an action plan to improve health and safety. The tool covers five topics: unintentional injuries and violence prevention, physical education and activity, healthy eating, tobacco use prevention, and asthma.

 

School Associated Violent Deaths (SAVD)
CDC’s web page that provides information about the School Associated Violent Death Study.

Articles

  • Holland, K. M., Hall, J. E., Wang, J., Gaylor, E. M., Johnson, L. L., Shelby, D., … & School-Associated Violent Deaths Study Group. (2019). Characteristics of school-associated youth homicides—United States, 1994–2018. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 68(3), 53.
  • Musu-Gillette, L., Zhang, A., Wang, K., Zhang, J., Kemp, J., Diliberti, M., and Oudekerk, B.A. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2017 (NCES 2018-036/NCJ 251413). National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC.; 2018.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). School-associated student homicides–United States, 1992-2006. MMWR: Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 57(2), 33-36.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Source of firearms used by students in school-associated violent deaths – United States, 1992–1999. MMWR 2003;52(09):169–172.
  • Anderson M, Kaufman J, Simon TR, Barrios L, Paulozzi L, Ryan G, et al. School-associated violent deaths in the United States, 1994–1999. JAMA 2001;286(21):2695–2702.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Temporal variations in school-associated student homicide and suicide events – United States, 1992–1999MMWR 2001;50(31):657–660.

Data Sources

  • School Associated Violent Death Study (SAVD)
    This data system, developed in partnership with the Departments of Education and Justice, monitors at the national level school-associated violent deaths, common features of these events, and potential risk factor for perpetration and victimization.
National Centers of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (YVPCs)
CDC’s web page that provides information about the National Centers for Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention.

 

Publications

Additional Resources

Page last reviewed: February 27, 2019