Sexual Violence: Prevention Strategies
Sexual violence is a serious problem that can have lasting, harmful effects on victims and their family, friends, and communities. The goal of sexual violence prevention is simple—to stop it from happening in the first place. The solutions, however, are just as complex as the problem.
Preventing sexual violence requires comprehensive prevention strategies that address factors at each level of the social ecology—individual, relationship, community, and society.
CDC’s STOP SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence [2.85MB, 48Pages,508] highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help communities and states prevent and reduce sexual violence. Many of the strategies focus on risk and protective factors for sexual violence perpetration to reduce the likelihood that an individual will engage in sexually violent behavior. The strategies and their corresponding approaches are listed in the table below.
|S||Promote Social Norms that Protect Against Violence||
|T||Teach Skills to Prevent Sexual Violence||
|O||Provide Opportunities to Empower and Support Girls and Women||
|P||Create Protective Environments||
|SV||Support Victims/Survivors to Lessen Harms||
Below are some examples of programs described in the STOP SV technical package.
- Safe Dates
Program designed to prevent the initiation of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse in adolescent dating relationships
- Shifting Boundaries
Program designed to reduce dating violence and sexual harassment among adolescents
- Green Dot
Bystander-based prevention program designed to reduce sexual and other forms of interpersonal violence perpetration and victimization
- Second Step: Student Success Through Prevention (SS: SSTP)
School-based program aimed at reducing bullying, peer victimization, and other problem behaviors
- Coaching Boys Into Men
Dating violence prevention program that uses the relationships between high school athletes and their coaches to change social norms and behaviors.
- Bringing in the Bystander
Bringing in the Bystander is a bystander education and training program designed for male and female college students.
Program planners can use existing prevention principles to strengthen their approaches and evaluate the effectiveness of new or existing programs. The prevention principles identified by Nation et al., in the resources below, are common characteristics of effective prevention strategies in behavioral health.
- DeGue S. Evidence-based strategies for the primary prevention of sexual violence perpetration. In Preventing sexual violence on college campuses: lessons from research and practice [998KB, 40Pages, Print Only] 2014; Available from www.notalone.gov/schools/.
- Nation M, Crusto C, Wandersman A, Kumpfer K, Seybolt D, Morrissey-Kane E, Davino K. What works in prevention: principles of effective prevention programs [65.8KB, 8Pages, Print Only]. American Psychologist. 2003; 58(6/7): 449-56.
- CDC’s Extramural Research Program
- Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Victimization Assessment Instruments for Use in Healthcare Settings [188KB, 114Pages, 508]
- Measuring Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration: A Compendium of Assessment Tools
- National Sexual Violence Resource Center
- Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements [2MB, 136Pages, 508], Version 2.0.
- Child Maltreatment Surveillance: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements[4.12MB, 148Pages, 508]
- Intimate Partner Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements, Version 2.0 [283KB, 164Pages, 508]
- A systematic review of primary prevention strategies for sexual violence perpetration
- World Report on Violence and Health Chapter 6: Sexual Violence [247KB, 36Pages, Print Only]