Sexual Violence Resources
- Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements, Version 2.0 [2.01 MB, 136 Pages, 508]
This document is a set of recommendations designed to promote consistency in the use of terminology and data collection related to sexual violence.
- Connecting the Dots: An Overview of the Links Among Multiple Forms of Violence [2.51 MB, 16 Pages, 508]
The Division of Violence Prevention’s 5-year vision and areas of strategic focus to help us understand, respond to, and prevent violence across the lifespan.
- Continuing the Dialogue [7 MB, 20 Pages, 508]
This resource includes cross-cutting prevention efforts; community-level prevention; strategies and approaches to prevent intimate partner and sexual violence; race, class, gender and Social Determinants of Health; and, a vision for the future.
- Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Victimization Assessment Instruments for Use in Healthcare Settings [188 KB, 114 Pages, 508]
This document is a compilation of existing tools for assessing intimate partner violence and sexual violence victimization in clinical/healthcare settings.
- Measuring Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration: A Compendium of Assessment Tools [498 KB, 163 Pages, 508]
This compendium provides researchers and prevention specialists with a compilation of tools designed to measure victimization from and perpetration of intimate partner violence.
- National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) Special Reports
Summary reports from NISVS present data on the national prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV), sexual violence (SV), and stalking among women and men in the United States.
- Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Resource for Action [5 MB, 62 Pages]
CDC’s Resource for Action, formerly known as, “technical package,” that highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help states and communities prevent intimate partner violence, support survivors, and lessen the short and long-term harms of intimate partner violence.
- Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence: Program Activities Guide [8.38 MB, 8 Pages, 508]
The guide describes CDC’s public health activities and research related to intimate partner and sexual violence. The guide outlines four categories of activities which are essential to CDC’s prevention work: tracking the problem, developing and evaluating prevention strategies, supporting and enhancing prevention programs, and providing prevention resources.
- Adverse Childhood Experiences Prevention Resource for Action [4 MB, 38 Pages]
This is a resource to help states and communities leverage the best available evidence to prevent ACEs from happening in the first place as well as lessen harms when ACEs do occur. It features six strategies drawn from the CDC Resources for Action, formerly known as, “technical packages.”
- Sexual Violence on Campuses: A Summary of CDC Activities[144 KB, 2 Pages, 508]
This document is a summary of CDC’s work to address sexual violence on college and university campuses.
- Sexual Violence on Campuses: Strategies for Prevention [3.50 MB, 28 Pages, 508]
This technical assistance document is intended to be a starting place for practitioners and their campus partners to begin planning and implementing sexual violence prevention strategies in a college or university setting.
- Sexual Violence Media Guide [1 MB, 4 Pages, 508]
This media guide includes definitions and key terms, statistics, language considerations, and resources to aid in reporting about sexual violence.
- Sexual Violence Prevention: Beginning the Dialogue [2.01 MB, 16 Pages, 508]
This document is intended to begin the dialogue about what it means to move sexual violence prevention upstream.
- Sexual Violence Prevention Resource for Action [3 MB, 46 Pages]
CDC’s Resource for Action, formerly known as, “technical package,” that highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help states and communities prevent and reduce sexual violence.
- World Report on Violence and Health Chapter 6: Sexual Violence [247 KB, 36 Pages, Print Only]
This document contains chapter six of the World Health Organization’s Report on Violence and Health. This chapter is focused on raising awareness about the problem of sexual violence globally, and to make the case that violence is preventable.
CDC Data Sources:
- National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS)
NISVS is an ongoing, population-based survey that collects the most current and comprehensive national- and state-level data on intimate partner violence, sexual violence and stalking victimization in the United States.
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
YRBSS monitors health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability, including lifetime sexual violence victimization (ongoing) and 12 month physical and sexual dating violence victimization (beginning in 2013) of high school students in the United States.
- National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS)
NVDRS links information about the “who, when, where, and how” from data on violent deaths and provides insights about “why” they occurred. This enables policy makers and community leaders to make informed decisions about violence prevention programs, including those that address sexual violence and intimate partner violence.
- Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)
WISQARS is an interactive, online database that provides fatal and nonfatal injury, violent death, and cost of injury data.
- National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP)
NEISS-AIP provides nationally representative data about all types and causes of nonfatal injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments. CDC uses NEISS-AIP data to generate national estimates of nonfatal injuries, including those related to sexual violence.
Other Federal Data Sources:
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Uniform Crime Reports
Each year the FBI publishes a summary of Crime in the United States, Hate Crime Statistics, special studies, reports, and monographs.
- National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
NCVS is the primary source of information on criminal victimization in the U.S. NCVS collects information about nonfatal personal crimes and household property crimes both reported and not reported to police.
Non-Federal Data Sources:
- National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health)
Add Health is a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States during the 1994-95 school year. The cohort was most recently interviewed in 2008 when the sample was aged 24-32. Add Health re-interviewed cohort members in a Wave V follow-up from 2016-2018 to collect social, environmental, behavioral, and biological data with which to track the emergence of chronic disease as the cohort moves through their fourth decade of life.
- Disaster Mental Health
CDC’s Web page on disaster mental health includes information on coping with the stress that can result from experiencing a traumatic event.
- Division of Adolescent and School Health
CDC’s Division of Adolescent and School Health seeks to prevent the most serious health risk behaviors among children, adolescents, and young adults.
- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health
This website provides information on the health concerns faced by America’s lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) population.
- Office of Women’s Health (OWH)
As the focus for women’s health issues at CDC, OWH provides a forum for collaboration and works within and outside the agency to raise awareness of women’s health and to promote activities that will improve the health and safety of women. OWH serves as an advocate for women’s health issues and stimulates research, disease prevention programs, and policy development.
Other Federal Resources:
- Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
The Center for Substance Abuse Prevention offers free, Web-based courses. Courses identify problems and risk factors, screening and assessment tools, prevention and intervention strategies, tools for clients, and legal issues surrounding intimate partner violence.
- National Offices of Violence Prevention Network
The National Offices of Violence Prevention Network is a coalition of local governments committed to reimagining public safety. The newly formed Network brings together the leaders of civilian local government offices dedicated to community-driven safety solutions, known as offices of violence prevention (OVPs).
- U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Victims of Crime
OVC was established in 1984 to oversee diverse programs that help victims of crime. OVC provides funding to state victim assistance and compensation programs—the lifeline services that help victims to heal.
- U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women
The Office on Violence Against Women works with victim advocates and law enforcement to develop grant programs that support a wide range of services, including advocacy, emergency shelter, law enforcement protection, and legal aid for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking. The Office leads efforts nationally and abroad to intervene in and prosecute crimes of trafficking in women and children and is addressing international domestic violence issues.
Other Online Resources:
The mission of 1in6 is to help men who have had unwanted or abusive sexual experiences in childhood live healthier, happier lives. This organization also serves family members, friends, and partners and service providers by providing information and support resources on the web and in the community.
- American Association of University Women (AAUW)
AAUW conducts groundbreaking research on issues related to gender equity in education and the workplace.
- American College Health Association Sexual Violence Toolkit [643 KB, 24 Pages, Print Only]
The American College Health Association developed this toolkit to provide facts, ideas, strategies, conversation starters, and resources to everyone on college campuses who cares about the prevention of sexual violence.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
This website provides professional publications about violence against women, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, adolescent dating violence, and patient education materials in both English and Spanish.
- American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC)
This national nonprofit organization is focused on meeting the needs of professionals engaged in all aspects of services for children and families affected by child abuse and neglect.
- Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers (ATSA)
The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers is an international, multidisciplinary organization dedicated to preventing sexual abuse.
- Black Women’s Blueprint (BWB)
This organization works to place the particular struggles of Black women and girls squarely within the context of the larger racial justice concerns of Black communities.
- Center for Sex Offender Management
The goal of the Center for Sex Offender Management (CSOM) is to enhance public safety by preventing further victimization through improving the management of adult and juvenile sex offenders in the community.
- Clery Center for Security on Campus
The goal of this organization is to work with college and university communities to create safer campuses, including providing Clery Act training seminars. Under the Jeanne Clery Act of 1990, institutions must provide survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking with options such as changes to academic, transportation, or living or working situations, and assistance in notifying local law enforcement, if the student or employee chooses to do so.
- Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking
The Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking (CAST), established in 1998, is a multi-ethnic human rights organization whose mission is to assist persons trafficked for the purpose of forced labor and slavery-like practices and to work toward ending all instances of such human rights violations.
- End Rape on Campus (EROC)
EROC works to end campus sexual violence through direct support for survivors and their communities; prevention through education; and policy reform at the campus, local, state, and federal levels.
- End Violence Against Women International (EVAWI)
EVAWI provides technical assistance on the law enforcement response to sexual assault and Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) forensic compliance.
- Faith Trust Institute
Formerly known as the Center for the Prevention of Domestic and Sexual Violence, FaithTrust Institute is an interreligious, educational resource that addresses sexual and domestic violence issues.
- Futures Without Violence
Striving to reach new audiences and transform social norms, the organization trains professionals such as doctors, nurses, athletic coaches, and judges on improving responses to violence and abuse.
- Generation Five
Generation Five is a nonprofit organization that brings together diverse community leaders working to end child sexual abuse within five generations.
- Getting attention for prevention
This brief, developed by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center and Berkeley Media Studies Group, provides guidance on how to frame sexual violence and construct messages about prevention.
Hollaback! is a movement to end harassment powered by a network of local activists around the world. Members work together to better understand harassment ignite public conversations, and develop innovative strategies to ensure equal access to public spaces.
MaleSurvivor creates resources and partnerships to provide life-changing support to adult male survivors of child sexual abuse and their loved ones.
- Men Can Stop Rape (MCSR)
MCSR is a national nonprofit organization. MCSR’s mission is to mobilize men to use their strength for creating cultures free from violence, especially men’s violence against women.
- National Alliance to End Sexual Violence (NAESV)
NAESV utilizes a comprehensive grassroots communication network to shape national policy related to sexual violence and victims’ needs. NAESV advocates on behalf of victims and survivors—, women, children, and men who have needlessly suffered the serious trauma of sexual violence —and envisions a world free from sexual violence.
- National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC)
NCVC is a nonprofit organization that serves victims of all types of crime, including sexual violence. The Center provides public policy advocacy; training and technical assistance to victim service organizations, counselors, attorneys, criminal justice agencies, and allied professionals; a toll-free hotline for crime victims; and a virtual library containing publications, current statistics with references, a list of recommended readings, and bibliographies.
- National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence (NCDSV)
NCDSV develops and provides innovative training and consultation, influences policy, and promotes collaboration and diversity in working to end domestic and sexual violence.
- National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life (NCALL)
NCALL’s mission is to eliminate abuse in later life. Through advocacy and education, NCALL strives to challenge and change the beliefs, policies, practices, and systems that allow abuse to occur and continue.
- National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP)
NCAVP is a coalition of programs that document and advocate for victims of anti-LGBT and anti-HIV/AIDS violence, harassment, domestic violence, sexual assault, police misconduct and other forms of victimization.
- National Organization of Asians and Pacific Islanders Ending Sexual Violence (NAPIESV)
NAPIESV provides technical assistance and support to local and community-based programs and governmental organizations serving survivors of violence against women to develop or enhance their capacity to provide culturally and linguistically appropriate services to Asian and Pacific Islander survivors of sexual violence.
- National Organization of Sisters of Color Ending Sexual Assault
This national organization supports women of color and organizations by and for communities of color, using a multi-strategy approach.
- National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)
NSVRC identifies and disseminates information, resources, and research on all aspects of sexual violence prevention and intervention.
- NO MORE
NO MORE seeks to raise public awareness and engage bystanders around ending domestic violence and sexual assault.
- Polaris Project
To eradicate human trafficking across borders and strengthen services for victims, Polaris galvanizes regional collaboration among service providers, governments, and law enforcement entities to share data, strategies, and resources. Polaris has discovered the potential of a hotline to function as a coordination mechanism for the anti-trafficking movement.
PreventConnect is a national project of the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault. The goal of PreventConnect is to advance the primary prevention of sexual assault and relationship violence by building a community of practice among people who are engaged in such efforts.
- Prevention Institute
Prevention Institute is a non-profit national center dedicated to improving community health and well-being by building momentum for effective primary prevention.
Raliance is a collaborative initiative dedicated to ending sexual violence in one generation and is a resource for policymakers, advocates, service providers, prevention practitioners, and the media. It is comprised of three national sexual violence prevention organizations: thee National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC), the California Coalition Against Sexual Assaults (CALCASA)-PreventConnect, and the National Alliance to End Sexual Violence (NAESV).
- Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN)
RAINN is the nation’s largest anti-sexual assault organization. RAINN’s national hotline works as a call-routing system. When an individual calls RAINN, a computer reads the area code and first three digits of the phone number and routes the call to the nearest member rape crisis center.
- Stop Educator Sexual Abuse, Misconduct, and Exploitation (S.E.S.A.M.E.)
S.E.S.A.M.E. works to prevent sexual exploitation, abuse, and harassment of students by teachers and other school staff.
- STOP IT NOW!
STOP IT NOW! is a national, public health-based organization working to prevent and ultimately eradicate child sexual abuse.
- Stop Street Harassment
Stop Street Harassment (SSH) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to documenting and ending gender-based street harassment worldwide.
- Violence Against Women Electronic Network (VAWnet)
VAWnet provides a collection of full-text, searchable resources on domestic violence, sexual violence, and related issues as well as links to an “In the News” section, calendars listing trainings, conferences, grants, and access to the Domestic Violence Awareness Month and Sexual Assault Awareness Month subsites.
- Workplaces Respond to Domestic and Sexual Violence: A National Resource Center
The Center offers information on the Internet for the benefit of those interested in providing effective workplace responses to victims of domestic violence, sexual violence, dating violence and stalking.
Rape Prevention and Education Program
CDC’s webpage that provides information about the Rape Prevention and Education Program, grantee activities, and CDC’s role in preventing sexual violence.
- Rape Prevention and Education: Transforming Communities to Prevent Sexual Violence [521 KB, 2 Pages, 508]
The Rape Prevention and Education Program factsheet
Preventing Sex Trafficking
CDC’s webpage that provides information about sex trafficking including definitions, risks and consequences, and what states and communities need to know about prevention.
Victim and Survivor Services:
- National Human Trafficking Resource Center
This is a national anti-trafficking hotline and resource center serving victims, survivors and the anti-trafficking community. Call 1-888-373-7888 (TTY: 711) Text 233733
Reports and Fact Sheets:
- Administration for Children and Families Office on Trafficking in Persons Information Memo: Definitions and Principles of Human Trafficking Prevention–April 2019 [1.01 MB, 13 Pages, Print Only]
This Information Memo describes common definitions, terminology, and principles of violence prevention to inform the development and implementation of activities to prevent human trafficking.
- Common Issues Seen in Victims of Trafficking (44.4 KB, 2 Pages, Print Only].
A fact sheet containing information about the health issues seen in trafficking victims.
- Trafficking in Persons Report 2021
This resource provides an updated look at the nature and scope of trafficking and the range of government actions to confront and eliminate it.
- Preventing Human Trafficking Using Data-driven, Community-based Strategies
A policy brief developed by the Research-to-Policy Collaboration with support from the Society for Community Research and Action, Division 27 of the American Psychological Association.
Resources for Professionals:
- SOAR to Health and Wellness Training
SOAR training equips professionals with skills to identify, treat, and respond appropriately to human trafficking.
- ICD-10 Codes for Healthcare Providers [696 KB, 12 Pages, Print Only]
Healthcare providers and hospitals who are seeing an increase in human trafficking cases can use ICD-10-CM codes to differentiate victims of human trafficking from other abuse victims.
- Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector
This Institute of Medicine report summarizes the trafficking problem of minors and includes examples of health care sector practices to prevent and respond.
- Expanding and Coordinating Human Trafficking-Related Public Health Research, Evaluation, Education, and Prevention
Policy statement from the American Public Health Association for professional schools, societies, and certifying bodies for to improvement of research, training, and anti-trafficking community interventions.
- Human Trafficking in America’s Schools
This U.S. Department of Education guide helps school officials understand trafficking, recognize risks, and develop protocols and partnerships to prevent exploitation.
Additional Federal Resources:
- National Action Plan to Combat Trafficking (NAP)
This national action plan provides guidance for strengthening coordination, collaboration, and capacity across government and non-government groups dedicated to investing resources in anti-trafficking programs and policies. It includes a focus on the foundational pillars of prevention, protection, prosecution, and partnerships.
- Estimating the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in the United States: Considerations and Complexities: Proceedings of a Workshop
Proceedings from a Committee on National Statistics workshop that highlighted current and innovative strategies for estimating the prevalence of sex and labor trafficking in the United States.
- Office on Trafficking in Persons
Administration for Children and Families initiative seeks to prevent human trafficking in all forms and ensure that victims have access to the services they need.
- Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)
OVC channels funding for victim compensation and assistance throughout the United States, raises awareness about victims’ issues, promotes compliance with victims’ rights laws, and provides training and technical assistance and publications and products to victim assistance professionals.
- Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 [393 KB, 85 Pages, Print Only]
This law was passed and reauthorized to stop trafficking in persons, especially into the sex trade, slavery, and involuntary servitude, and to reauthorize federal programs to prevent violence against women.
- U.S. Laws on Trafficking in Persons
Acts passed to provide tools to monitor and stop trafficking and to coordinate anti-trafficking efforts.