• Zwald ML, Holland KM, Bowen DA, Simon TR, Dahlberg LL, Stein Z, Idaikkadar N, Mercy JA. Using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Syndromic Surveillance Program Data to Monitor Trends in US Emergency Department Visits for Firearm Injuries, 2018 to 2019. Ann Emerg Med 2022; 79(5):465-473. doi: 1016/j.annemergmed.2022.01.016.
  • Kegler SR, Dahlberg LL, Vivolo-Kantor AM. A descriptive exploration of the geographic and sociodemographic concentration of firearm homicide in the United States, 2004-2018. Prev Med. 2021; 153:106767. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2021.106767.
  • Fowler K, Dahlberg LL, Haileyesus T, Gutierrez C, Bacon S.  Childhood firearm injuries in the United States. Pediatrics 2017; 140(1):e20163486. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-3486.
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Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWRs):

Behavioral Risk Factor and Surveillance System (BRFSS)
The BRFSS is the nation’s premier system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. An optional module on firearm safety practices was included on the survey in 2017 and 2021 and will also be available in 2022.

National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP)
NEISS-AIP provides nationally representative data about all types and causes of nonfatal injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments.

National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS)
NHAMCS gathers information on the utilization and provision of ambulatory care services from a nationally representative sample of visits to emergency departments of noninstitutional general and short-stay hospitals. The sample from years prior to 2018 also included outpatient departments and ambulatory surgery locations.

National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS)
NVDRS links information about the “who, when, where, and how” from data on violent deaths as well as unintentional firearm deaths and provides insights about “why” they occurred. This information can be used by states and communities to make informed decisions about prevention programs and track progress over time.

National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)
NVSS gathers information on births, deaths, and other vital events. The mortality data, including firearm-related deaths, are based on information from death certificates filed in state vital statistics offices and include causes of death reported by attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners.

School Associated Violent Death Study (SAVD)
This data system, developed in partnership with the Departments of Education and Justice, monitors at the national level school-associated violent deaths, common features of these events, and potential risk factor for perpetration and victimization.

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
YRBSS monitors health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among 9th through 12th grade students in the United States.

Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) 
WISQARS is an interactive, online database that provides fatal and nonfatal injury, violent death, and cost of injury data.

Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER)
CDC Wonder is an interactive, online platform that provides access to multiple health-related databases, including mortality data.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
AHRQ’s Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) includes nationwide databases that can be used to identify healthcare utilization, access, charges, quality, and outcomes. HCUP databases include a national inpatient hospital sample and a national emergency department sample, and state inpatient and emergency department databases.

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
The BJS provides data on the characteristics of crime, victims, criminal offenders, and operations of the justice system at all levels of government, including information on courts, police, jails, and prisons in the United States.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Uniform Crime Reports
Each year the FBI publishes a summary of Crime in the United States, Hate Crime Statistics, special studies, reports, and monographs.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
NIBRS captures details on each single crime incident—as well as on separate offenses within the same incident—including information on victims, known offenders, relationships between victims and offenders, arrestees, and property involved in the crimes.

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
NCVS is the primary source of information on criminal victimization in the U.S. NCVS collects information about nonfatal personal crimes and household property crimes both reported and not reported to police.

Gun Violence Archive (GVA)
GVA is an online archive of gun violence incidents collected from law enforcement, media, government and commercial sources daily that provides near-real time data about the results of gun violence. GVA is an independent data collection and research group with no affiliation with any advocacy organization.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Safe Firearm Storage Video Series
AAP’s website housing a library of videos designed to support health professionals help families take steps towards safer storage.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Safer: Storing Firearms Prevents Harm Online Training
This training describes universal firearm injury prevention guidance for pediatric providers in clinic-settings, offers pragmatic video counseling examples based on existing evidence, and provides resources.

Defense Suicide Prevention Office (DSPO)
DSPO’s library of safe storage-related toolkits, public service announcements, and other resources.

Project ChildSafe
Developed by the National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF), Project ChildSafe is the largest, most comprehensive firearms safety education program in the U.S. and is committed to promoting genuine firearms safety through the distribution of safety education messages and free firearm Safety Kits.

Suicide Prevention is Everyone’s Business: A Toolkit for Safe Firearm Storage
This toolkit, developed in partnership with Veterans Affairs (VA), the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP), and the National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF), guides communities through the process of building coalitions to raise awareness about safe storage practices.