Youth Violence: Prevention Strategies
Youth violence is a serious problem that can have lasting harmful effects on victims and their family, friends, and communities. The goal for youth violence prevention is simple—to stop youth violence from happening in the first place.
Preventing youth violence requires comprehensive prevention strategies that address factors at each level of the social ecology—individual, relationship, community, and society.
CDC’s technical package, A Comprehensive Technical Package for the Prevention of Youth Violence and Associated Risk Behaviors, highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help states and communities prevent and reduce youth violence. The strategies are intended to work in combination and reinforce each other. Strategies and their corresponding approaches are presented in the table below.
Preventing Youth Violence
|Promote family environments that support healthy development||
|Provide quality education early in life||
|Strengthen youth’s skills||
|Connect youth to caring adults and activities||
|Create protective community environments||
|Intervene to lessen harms and prevent future risk||
- Best Practices for Implementation
This guidance is intended to orient states and communities to implementation best practices
- The Community Guide for Violence Prevention
The Community Guide, developed by the Task Force for Community Preventive Services, includes recommendations for preventing youth violence based on systematic reviews of evidence-based strategies.
- Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development is an online resource for communities to learn more about model or promising strategies that reduce youth violence or key risk factors for violence and promote healthy youth behavior and relationships.
- Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere (STRYVE) Online
STRYVE is a national initiative led by CDC to prevent youth violence. STRYVE Online is a resource on CDC’s VetoViolence website that helps communities develop and implement comprehensive plans to prevent youth violence.
- Health Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT)
The HECAT contains guidance, appraisal tools, and resources to help schools conduct an analysis of health education curricula based on the National Health Education Standards and CDC’s Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum.
- School Health Index (SHI)
SHI is a tool that enables a school to identify the strengths and weaknesses of its health and safety policies and programs; develop an action plan for improving student health and safety; and involve teachers, parents, students, and the community in improving school services.
- Veto Violence
CDC’s online source of free violence prevention trainings, tools, and resources.
- CDC’s National Centers of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention (YVPCs)
CDC’s YVPCs are academic-community collaborations advance the science and practice of youth violence prevention.