What Are the Symptoms?

Not Just Words

This video discusses the importance of knowing the signs and symptoms of gynecologic cancer.

There is no way to know for sure if you will get a gynecologic cancer. That’s why it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you, so you can recognize the warning signs or symptoms of gynecologic cancer.

If you have vaginal bleeding that is unusual for you, talk to a doctor right away. Any vaginal bleeding after menopause needs to be reported to your doctor. If you have not yet gone through menopause but notice that your periods are heavier, last longer than normal for you, or if you’re having unusual bleeding between periods, talk to your doctor.

You should also see a doctor if you have any other warning signs that last for two weeks or longer and are not normal for you. Symptoms may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see a doctor.

Signs and symptoms are not the same for everyone, and each gynecologic cancer (cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers) has its own signs and symptoms.

Use our Symptoms Diaries below to track possible symptoms over a two-week timespan.

Table described below.

Table showing the symptoms of cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge is common on all gynecologic cancers except vulvar cancer.
  • Feeling full too quickly or difficulty eating, bloating, and abdominal or back pain are common only for ovarian cancer.
  • Pelvic pain or pressure is common for ovarian and uterine cancers.
  • More frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation are common for ovarian and vaginal cancers.
  • Itching, burning, pain, or tenderness of the vulva, and changes in vulva color or skin, such as a rash, sores, or warts, are found only in vulvar cancer.