Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later.
When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. The cervix connects the vagina (birth canal) to the upper part of the uterus. The uterus (or womb) is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant.
Cervical cancer is highly preventable in most Western countries because screening tests and a vaccine to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are available. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.
Next: Basic Information
CDC’s Latest Research
- Cervical cancer survival in the United States by race and stage (2001–2009): findings from the CONCORD-2 study
- CDC activities for improving implementation of human papillomavirus vaccination, cervical cancer screening, and surveillance worldwide
- Five-year relative survival for HPV-associated cancer sites