Abdulwadud O, Abramson M, Forbes A, James A, Walters EH. Evaluation of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Adult Asthma Education in a Hospital Setting. Thorax 1999;54(6):493–500.

Akerman MJ, Sinert R. A successful effort to improve asthma care outcome in an inner-city emergency department. J Asthma 1999;36(3):295–303.

Allen RM, Jones MP. The validity and reliability of an asthma knowledge questionnaire used in the evaluation of a group asthma education self-management program for adults with asthma. J Asthma 1998;35(7):537–45.

Allen RM, Jones MP, Oldenburg B. Randomized trial of an asthma self-management programme for adults. Thorax 1995;50(7):731–8.

Anderson ME, Freas MR, Wallace AS, Kempe A, Gelfand EW, Liu AH. Successful school-based intervention for inner-city children with persistent asthma. J Asthma 2004;41(4):445–53.

Arbes SJ Jr., Sever M, Archer J, Long EH, Gore JC, Schal C, Walter M, Nuebler B, Vaughn B, Mitchell H, Liu E, Collette N, Adler P, Sandel M, Zeldin DC. Abatement of cockroach allergen (Bla g 1) in low-income, urban housing: A randomized controlled trial. J Allergy Clini Immun 2003;112:339–45.

Axelrod RC, Zimbro KS, Chetney RR, Sabol J, Ainsworth VJ. A disease management program utilizing ‘life coaches’ for children with asthma. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management 2001;8:38–42.

Baier C, Grant EN, Daughtery SR, Eckenfels EJ. The Henry Horner Pediatric Asthma Program. Chest 1999;116:204S–206S.

Bailey WC, Richards JM, Brooks CM, Soong SJ, Windsor RA, Manzella BA. A randomized trial to improve self-management practices of adults with asthma. Arch Intern Med 1990;150(8):1664–8.

Bailey WC, Richards JM, Manzella BA, Windsor RA, Brooks CM, Soong SJ. Promoting self-management in adults with asthma: an overview of the UAB program. Health Educ Q 1987;14(3):345–55.

Bailey WC, Clark NM, Gotsch AR, Lemen RJ, O’Connor GT, Rosenstock IM. Asthma prevention. Task Force on Research and Education for the Prevention and Control of Respiratory Diseases. Chest 1992;102(3 Suppl):16S–231S.

Barbanel D, Eldridge S, Griffiths C. Can a self-management programme delivered by a community pharmacist improve asthma control? A randomized trial. Thorax 2003;58:851–854.

Barnett TE, Fatis M, Sonnek D, Torvinen J. Treatment satisfaction with an asthma management program — a “five” year retrospective assessment. J Asthma 1992;29(2):109–16.

Baron JM, Shofer FS, Ivey B, Reinhard S, DeGeus J, Stahmer SA, Panettieri R, Hollander JE. A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Simple Emergency Department Intervention to Improve the Rate of Primary Care Follow-up for Patients With Acute Asthma Exacerbations. Ann Emerg Med 2001;38(2):115–22.

Barta PJ, Carlson MJ, Ahl E. Improving care for children with asthma in two Medicaid health plans. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management 2002;9:557–563.

Bartlett SJ, Lukk P, Butz A, Lampros-Klein F, Rand CS. Enhancing medication adherence among inner-city children with asthma: Results from pilot studies. J Asthma 2002;39(1):47–54.

Becker A, Watson W, Ferguson A, Dimich-Ward H, Chan-Yeung M. The Canadian asthma primary prevention study: outcomes at 2 years of age. J Allergy Clin Immun 2004;113(4):651–6.

Beckham S, Kaahaaina D, Voloch KA, Washburn A. A community-based asthma management program: effects on resource utilization and quality of life. Hawaii Med J 2004;63(4):121–6.

Berg J, Dunbar-Jacob J, Sereika SM. An evaluation of a self-management program for adults with asthma. Clin Nurs Res 1997;6(3):225–38.

Blixen CE, Hammel JP, Murphy D, Ault V. Feasibility of a Nurse-Run Asthma Education Program for Urban African-Americans: A Pilot Study. Journal of Asthma 2001;38(1):23–32.

Boner AL, Piacentini GL, Bellanti JA. The need for early interventions in childhood asthma. Ann Allergy 1993;71(2):85–96.

Bonner S, Zimmerman BJ, Evans D, Irigoyen M, Resnick D, Mellins RB. An individualized intervention to improve asthma management among urban Latino and African-American families. J Asthma 2002;39(2):167–79.

Boulet LP. Asthma education: what has been its impact? Can Resp J 1998;5 (Suppl A):91A–6A.

Brown JV, Bakeman R, Celano MP, Demi AS, Kobrynski L, Wilson SR. Home-based asthma education of young low-income children and their families. J Pediatr Psychol 2002;27(8):677–88.

Brown R, Bratton SL, Cabana MD, Kaciroti N, Clark NM. Physician asthma education program improves outcomes for children of low-income families. Chest 2004;126(2):369–74.

Bruzzese J-M, Bonner S, Vincent EJ, Sheares BJ, Mellins RB, Levison MJ, et al. Asthma education: the adolescent experience. Patient Educ Couns 2004;55(3):396–406.

Bryant-Stephens T, Li Y. Community asthma education program for parents of urban asthmatic children. J Natl Med Assoc 2004;96(7):955–60.

Burkhart PV, Dunbar-Jacob JM, Fireman P, Rohay J. Children’s adherence to recommended asthma self-management (Practice applications of research). Pediatr Nurs 2002;28(4):409–15.

Burton WN, Schultz AB, Connerty CM, Chen C-Y, Edington DW. Asthma disease management: A worksite-based asthma education program. Dis Manag 2001;4:3–13.

CAMP. Guideline for the diagnosis and management of asthma. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. National Asthma Education Program. Expert panel report. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1991;88(3 Pt 2):425–534.

CAMP. Recruitment of participants in the Childhood Asthma Management Program ( CAMP). J Asthma 1999;36(3):217–37.

CAMP. Design and implementation of a patient education center for the Childhood Asthma Management Program. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1998;81(6):571–81.

Carter MC, Perzanowski MS, Ralymond A, Platts-Mills TAE. Home intervention in the treatment of asthma among inner-city children. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108(5):732–7.

Castro M, Zimmermann NA, Crocker S, Bradley J, Leven C, Schechtman KB. Asthma intervention program prevents readmissions in high healthcare utilizers. J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;168:1095–9.

Chan DS, Callahan CW, Moreno C. Multi-disciplinary education and management program for children with asthma. American Journal of Health-Systematic Pharmacy 2001;58:1413–7.

Chan-Yeung M, Manfreda J, Dimich-Ward H, Ferguson A, Watson W, Becker A. A randomized controlled study on the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention program in the primary prevention of asthma in high-risk infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000;154(7):657–63.

Chernoff RG, Ireys HT, DeVet KA, Kim YJ. A randomized controlled trial of a community-based support program for families of children with chronic illness: pediatric outcomes. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002;156(6):533–9.

Chiang LC, Huang JL, Yeh KW, Lu CM. Effects of a self-management asthma educational program in Taiwan based on PRECEDE-PROCEED model for parents with asthmatic children. J Asthma 2004;41(2):205–15.

Choy DKL, Tong M, Ko F, Li ST, Ho A, Chan J. Evaluation of the efficacy of a hospital-based asthma education programme in patients of low socio-economic status in Hong Kong. Clin Exp Immunol 1999; 29(1):84–90.

Christiansen SC, Martin SB, Scleicher NC, Koziol JA, Matthews KP, Zuraw BL. Evaluation of a school-based asthma education program for inner-city children. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1997;100(5):613–7.

Clark, NM. Asthma self-management education. Research and implications for clinical practice. Chest 1989;95(5):1110–3.

Clark NM. Management of asthma by parents and children. In Kotses H, Harver A. Self Management of Asthma. New York: Marcel Decker, Inc, 1998: 271–291.

Clark NM, Brown R, Joseph CLM, Anderson EW, Liu M, Valerio MA. Effects of a comprehensive school-based asthma program on symptoms, parent management, grades, and absenteeism. Chest 2004;125(5):1674–9.

Clark NM, Brown WR, Parker E, Robins TG, Remick DG, Philbert MA, Keeler GJ, Israel BA. Childhood Asthma. Environ Health Perspect 1999;107(S3):421–429.

Clark NM, Evans D; Zimmerman BJ, Levison MJ, Mellins RB. Patient and family management of asthma: theory based techniques for the clinician. J Asthma 1994;31(6):427–35.

Clark NM, Feldman CH, Evans D, Duzey O, Levison MJ, Wasilewski Y, Kaplan DL, Rips JL, Mellins RB. Managing better: Children, parents and asthma. Patient Educ Couns 1986;8:27–38.

Clark NM, Feldman CH, Evans D, Levison MJ, Wasilewski Y, and Mellins RB: The impact of health education on frequency and cost of health care utilization by low income children with asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1986;78:108–15.

Clark NM, Gong M, Schork MA, Maiman LA, Evans D, Hurwitz ME, Roloff D, Mellins RB. A scale for assessing health care providers’ teaching and communication behavior regarding asthma. Health Educ Behavior 1997;24:245–256.

Clark NM, Gong M, Schork MA, Evans D, Roloff D, Hurwitz M, Maiman L, Mellins RB. Impact of education for physicians on patient outcomes. Pediatrics 1998;101(5):831–6.

Clark NM, Janson S. Social and Behavioral Aspects of Prevention and Management of Lung Disease. Unpublished Manuscript.

Clark NM, Gotsch A, Rosenstock IR. Patient, professional and public education on behavioral aspects of asthma: a review of strategies for change and needed research. J Asthma 1993;30(4):241–55.

Clark NM, Nothwehr F. Self-management of asthma by adult patients. Patient Educ Couns 1997;32(1) Suppl S5–20.

Clark NM, Partridge MR. Strengthening asthma education to enhance disease control. Chest 2002;121(5):1661–70.

Clark NM, Starr-Schneidkraut NJ. Management of asthma by patients and families. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994;149(Pt2):S54–66, discussion S67–8.

Claudio L, Torres T, Sanjuro E, Sherman LR, Landrigan PJ. Environmental health sciences education-a tool for achieving environmental equity and protecting children. Environ Health Perspect 1998;106 Suppl 3:849–55.

Collyer L, Gupta K, Gruffyd-Jones K, Pearce L. Improving child asthma care. Community Nurse 1997;3(6):10–1.

Comino EJ, Bauman A, Mitchell CA, Ruffin RE, Antic R, Zimmerman PV, Gutch RC. The Australian National Asthma Campaign: effects of public education activities based on mass media. Am J Prev Med 1997;13(4):251–6.

Conboy K. Self-management skills for cooperative care in asthma. J Pediatr 1989 Nov; 115(5 Pt 2):863–6.

Coover L, Vega C, Persky V, Russell E, Blase R, Wolf Garcia; Grant, Dublin M. A collaborative model to enhance the functioning of the school child with asthma. Chest 1999;116:193S–195S.

Cordina Maria, McElnay JC, Hughes CM. Assessment of a community pharmacy-based program for patients with asthma. Pharmacotherapy 2001;21(10):1196–203.

Cote J, Bowie DM, Robichaud P, Parent JG, Battisti L, Boulet LP. Evaluation of two different educational interventions for adult patients consulting with an acute asthma exacerbation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001;163(6):1415–9.

Cote J, Cartier A, Robichaud P, Boutin H, Malo JL, Rouleau M, Boulet LP. Influence of asthma education on asthma severity, quality of life and environmental control. Can Respir J 2000;7(5):395–400.

Couturaud F, Proust A, Frachon I, Dewitte JD, Oger E, Auiot JJ, Leroyer C. Education and self-management: A one-year randomized trial in stable adult asthmatic patients. J Asthma 2002;39(6):493–500.

Crain EF, Walter M, O’Connor GT, Mitchell H, Gruchalla RS, Kattan M, Malindzak GS, Enright P, Evans R III, Morgan W, Stout JW. Home and allergic characteristics of children with asthma in seven U.S. urban communities and design of an environmental intervention: The Inner-City Asthma Study. Environ Health Perspect 2002:110(9):939–45.

Creer TL, Backial M, Burns KL, Leung P, Marion RJ, Miklich DR, Morrill C, Taplin PS, Ullman S. Living with Asthma. I. Genesis and development of a self management program for childhood asthma. J Asthma 1988;25(6):335–62.

Creer TL. Living with asthma: replications and extensions. Health Educ Q, 1987;14(3):319–31

Creer TL, Kotses H, Reynolds RV. Living with asthma: Part II. Beyond CARIH. J Asthma 1989;26(1):31–52.

Custovic A, Simpson BM, Simpson A, Kissen P, Woodcock A. Effect of environmental manipulation in pregnancy and early life on respiratory symptoms and atopy during first year of life: A randomized trial. Lancet 2001;358:188–193.

Dell S, To T. Breastfeeding and asthma in young children: Findings from a population-based study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2001;155(11):1261–5.

Devine EC. Meta-analysis of the effects of psycho educational care in adults with asthma. Res Nurs Health 1996;19(5):367–76.

Diamond SA, Chapman KR. The impact of a nationally coordinated pharmacy-based asthma education intervention. Can Respir J 2001;8(4):261–5.

Dickinson J, Hutton S, Atkin A, Jones K. Reducing asthma morbidity in the community: the effect of a targeted nurse-run asthma clinic in an English general practice. Respir Med 1997;1991(10):634–40.

Dolinar RM, Kumar V, Coutu-Wakulczyk G, Rowe BH. Pilot study of a home-based asthma health education program. Patient Educ Couns 2000;40(1):93–102.

Ebbinghaus S, Bahrainwala AH. Asthma management by an inpatient asthma care team, (Continuing Education Series). Pediatr Nurs 2003;29:177–83.

Evans D, Clark NM, Feldman CH. School health education programs for asthma. Clin Rev Allergy 1987;5(3):207–12.

Evans D, Clark NM, Feldman CH, Rips J, Kaplan D, Levison MJ, Wasilewski Y, Levin B; Mellins RB. A school health education program for children with asthma aged 8–11 years. Health Educ Q 1987;14(3):267–79.

Evans D, Clark NM, Levison MJ, Levin B, Mellins RB. Can children teach their parents about asthma? Health Educ Behav 2001;28(4):500–11.

Evans D, Mellins RB. Education in children and minority groups. In Barnes PJ, Grunstein MM, Leff Alan, Woolcock AJ (Eds.), Asthma. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers 1997: 2129–2141.

Evans D, Mellins RB. Educational programs for children with asthma. Pediatrician 1991;18(4):317–23.

Evans D, Mellins RB, Lobach K, Ramos-Bonoan C, Pinkett-Heller M, Wiesemann S, et al. Improving care for minority children with asthma: professional education in public health clinics. Pediatrics 1997;99(2):157–64.

Evans R, Gergen P, Mitchell H, Kattan M, Kercsmar C, Crain e, Anderson J, Eggleston P, Malveaux FJ, Wedner HJ. A randomized clinical trial to reduce asthma morbidity among inner-city children: Results of the National Cooperative Inner-City Asthma Study. J Pediatr 1999;135(3): 332–338.

Evans R III, LeBailly S, Gordon KK, Sawyer A, Christoffel KK, Peace B. Restructuring asthma care in a hospital setting to improve outcomes. Chest 1999;116:210s–6s.

Feeney MB, Kopecky L, Walker L, Feldman S, daBalos D. The American Red Cross of Greater Chicago’s Asthma Program. Chest 1999;116:200S–201S.

Feldman CH, Clark NM, Evans D. The role of health education in medical management of asthma. Clin Rev Allergy 1987;5(3):195–205.

Finkelstein JA, Fuhlbrigge A, Lozano P, Grant EN, Shulruff R, Arduino KE, Weiss KB. Parent-reported environmental exposures and environmental control measures for children with asthma. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002;156(3):258–65.

Fisher EB, Sussman LK, Arfken C, Harrison D, Munro J, Sykes R, Sylvia S, Strunk R. Targeting high risk groups. Neighborhood organization for pediatric asthma management in the Neighborhood Asthma Coalition. Chest 1994;106(4 Suppl):248S–259S.

Fisher EB, Strunk RC, Sussman LK, Arfken C, Sykes RK, Munro JM, Haywood S, Harrison D, Bascom S. Acceptability and feasibility of a community approach to asthma management: the Neighborhood Asthma Coalition (NAC). J Asthma 1996;33(6):67–83.

Fisher ED, Strunk RC, Sussman LK, Sykes RK, Walker MS. Community organization to reduce the need for acute care for asthma among African American children in low-income neighborhoods: the Neighborhood Asthma Coalition. Pediatrics. 2004;114(1):116–23.

Fitpatrick SB, Coughlin SS, Chamberlin J. A novel asthma camp intervention for childhood asthma among urban blacks. J Natl Med Assoc 1992;84(3):233–7.

Fitzgerald ST. National Asthma Education Program Expert Panel Report: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. AAOHN J 1992;40(8):376–82.

Gallefoss F, Bakke PS, Kiaersgaard P. Quality of life assessment after patient education in a randomized controlled study on asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999;159:812–7.

Gallefoss F, Bakke PS. Impact of patient education and self-management on morbidity in asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respir Med 2000;94:279–87.

Georgiou A, Buchner DA, Ershoff DH, Blasko KM, Goodman LV, Feigin J. The impact of a large-scale population-based asthma management program on pediatric asthma patients and their caregivers. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2003;90:308–15.

Gerbert N, Hummerlink R, Konning J, Staab D, Schmidt S, Szczepanski R, Runde B, Wahn U. Efficacy of a self-management program for childhood asthma-a prospective controlled study. Patient Educ Couns 1998;35(3):213–20.

Gergen PJ, Mortimer KM, Eggleston PA, Rosenstreich D, Mitchell H, Ownby D, Kattan M, Baker D, Wright E, Slavin R, Malveaux F. Results of the National Cooperative Inner-City Asthma Study (NCICAS) environmental intervention to reduce cockroach allergen exposure in inner-city homes. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;103:501–6.

Ghosh CS, Ravindran P, Joshi M, Stearns SC. Reductions in hospital use from self management training for chronic asthmatics. Soc Sci Med 1998;46(8):1087–93.

Gibson PG, Shah S, Mamoon HA. Peer-led asthma education for adolescents: impact evaluation. J Adolesc Health 1998;22:66–72.

Gibson PG, Wilson AJ. The use of continuous quality improvement methods to implement practice guidelines in asthma. J Qual Clin Pract 1996;16(2):87–102.

Gilles J, Barry D, Crane J, Jones D, MacLennan L, Pearce N, Reid J, Toop L, Wilson B. A community trial of a written self-management plan for children with asthma. Asthma Foundation of NZ Children’s Action. NZ Med J 1996;109:30–3.

Gilliland FD, Berhane K, Islam T, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland SS, Avol E, Peters JM. Obesity and the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in school-age children. Am Epidemi 2003;158:406–10.

Glasgow NJ, Ponsonby A.L, Yates R, Beilby J, Dugdale P. Proactive asthma care in childhood: general practice based randomized controlled trial. Br Med J 2003;327:325–32.

Glasgow NJ, Ponsonby A.L, Yates R, Beilby J, Dugdale P. Proactive asthma care in childhood: General practice based randomized controlled trial. BMJ 2003;7416:659–63.

Gonzalez-Martin, Joo I, Sanchez I. Evaluation of the impact of a pharmaceutical care program in children with asthma. Patient Educ Couns 2003;49:13–8.

Greene AB, Jackson CL, Bruce MD, Boyle T, Aniemeka N, Chaudhary M, Talathi S. Bethany Hospital’s Asthma Program. Chest 1999;116:203S–204S.

Greineder, DK; Loane KC, Parks P. A randomized controlled pediatric asthma outreach program. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;103(3 Pt 1):436–40.

Griffiths C, Foster G, Barnes N, Eldridge S, Tate H, Begum S, et al. Specialist nurse intervention to reduce unscheduled asthma care in a deprived multiethnic area: the east London randomised controlled trial for high-risk asthma (ELECTRA). Br Med J 2004;328(7432):144–7.

Guendelman S, Meade K, Benson M, Chen Y, Samuels S. Improving asthma outcomes and self-management behaviors of inner-city children: A randomized trial of the Health Buddy interactive device and an asthma diary. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002;156(2):114–21.

Haahtela T, Klaukka T, Koskela K, Erhola M, Laitinen LA. Asthma programme in Finland: A community problem needs community solutions. Thorax 2001;56(10):806–24.

Halken S, Host A, Niklassen U, Hansen LG, Nielsen F, Pedersen S, Osterballe O, Veggerby C, Poulsen LK. Effect of mattress and pillow encasings on children with asthma and house dust mite allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2003;111:169–76.

Halterman JS, Szilagyi PG, Yoos HL, Conn KM, Kaczorowski JM, Holzhauer RJ, et al. Benefits of a school-based asthma treatment program in the absence of secondhand smoke exposure; results of a randomized clinical trial. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2004;158(5):460–7.

Hampel P, Rudolph H, Stachow R, Petermann F. Multimodal patient education program with stress management for childhood and adolescent asthma. Patient Educ Couns 2003;49:59–66.

Harish ZH, Bregante AC, Morgan C, Fann CSJ, Callaghan CM, Witt MA, Levinson KA, Caspe WB. A comprehensive inner-city asthma program reduces hospital and emergency room utilization. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2001;86:185–9.

Hendricson WD, Wood PR, Hidalgo HA, Ramirez AG, Kromer ME, Selva M, Parcel G. Implementation of a physician education intervention. The Childhood Asthma Project. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1994;148(6):595–601.

Hendricson WD, Wood PR, Hidalgo HA, Kromer ME, Parcel GS, Ramirez AG. Implementation of individualized patient education for Hispanic children with asthma. Patient Educ Couns 1996;29(2):155–65.

Hockmeyer J, Smyth J. Evaluating the feasibility and efficacy of a self-administered manual-based stress management intervention for individuals with asthma: Results from a controlled study. Behav Med 2002;27(4):161–73.

Hodges, ID, Wilkie A, Drennan C, Toop L, Thornley P, O’Hagan J, Town GI. A community-wide promotion of asthma self-management: process evaluation. NZ Med J 1993;106(962):354–7.

Hopman WM, Garvey N, Olajos-Clow J, White-Markham A, Lougheed MD. Outcomes of asthma education: results of a multi-site evaluation. Can Respir J 2004;11(4):291–7.

Hopman WM, Owen JG, Gagne E. Assessment of the effect of asthma education on outcomes. Manag Care Interface 1999; May:89–93.

Horner SD. Using the Open Airways curriculum to improve self-care for third grade children with asthma. J Sch Health 1998;68(8):329–33.

Hoskins G, Neville RG, Smith B, Clark RA. Do self-management plans reduce morbidity in patients with asthma? Br J Gen Practice 1996;46(404):169–71.

Hovell MF, Meltzer SR, Wahlgren DR, Matt GE, Hofstetter CR, Jones JA, Meltzer EO, Bernert JT, Pirkle JL. Asthma management and environmental tobacco smoke exposure reduction in Latino children: A controlled trial. Pediatrics 2002;(110):946–56.

Hovell MF, Meltzer SB, Zakarian JM, Wahlgren DR, Emerson JA, Hofstetter CF, Leaderer BP. Reduction of environmental tobacco smoke exposure among asthmatic children: a controlled trial. Chest 1995;107(5):1480.

Hui SHL, Leung TF, Ha G, Wong E, Li AM, Fok TF. Evaluation of an asthma management program for Chinese children with mild-to-moderate asthma in Hong Kong. Pediatr Pulmonol 2002;33:22–9.

Huss K, Winkelstein M, Nanda J, Naumann PL, Sloand ED, Huss RW. Computer game for inner-city children does not improve asthma outcomes. J Ped Health Care 2003;17:72–78.

Hyndman SJ, Vickers LM, Htut T, Maunder JW, Peock A, Higenbottam TW. A randomized trial of dehumidification in the control of house dust mite. Clin Exp Allergy 2000;30(8):1172–80.

Ignacio-Garcia JM, Pinto-Tenorio M, Chocron-Giraldez MJ, Cabello Rlueda F, Lopez-Cozar Gil AI, de Ramon-Garrido E. Benefits at 3 years of an asthma education programme coupled with regular reinforcement. Eur Respir J 2002;20:1095–101.

Indinnimeo L, Midulla F, Hindi-Alexander M, Bonci E, Tancredi GC, Cutrera R, Zicari AM, Evans D, Ronchetti R. Controlled studies of childhood asthma self-management in Italy using the Open Airways and Living with Asthma Programs: a preliminary report. Health Educ Q 1987;14(3)291–308.

Ireys HT, Chernoff R, DeVet KA, Kim Y. Maternal outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of a community-based support program for families of children with chronic illnesses. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2001;155(7):771–7.

Janson SL, Fahy JV, Covington JK, Paul SM, Gold WM, Boushey HA. Effects of individual self-management education on clinical, biological, and adherence outcomes in asthma. Am J Med 2003;115:620–26.

Jenkins CR, Woolcock AJ. Asthma in Adults. Med J Australia 1997;167(3):160–5.

Jenkins CR, Bauman AE. Asthma management plans: progress and problems. Med J Australia 1997;166(6):287–8.

Jenkinson D, Davison J, Jones S, Hawtin P. Comparison of effects of a self-management booklet and audiocassette for patients with asthma. BMJ 1998;297(6643):267–70.

Johnson KB, Blaisdell CJ, Walker A, Eggleston P. Effectiveness of a clinical pathway for inpatient asthma management. Pediatrics 2000;106:1006–12.

Jones JA, Wahlgren DR, Meltzer SB, Meltzer EO, Clark NM, Hovell MF. Increasing asthma knowledge and changing home environments for Latino families with asthmatic children. Patient Educ Couns 2001;42(1):67–79.

Jones PK, Jones SL, Katz J. Improving compliance for asthmatic patients visiting the emergency department using a health belief model intervention. J Asthma 1987;24(4):199–206.

Jones KP, Miller MA, Middleton M, Chapman E, Holgate ST. Peak flow based asthma self-management: a randomized controlled study in general practice. British Thoracic Society Research Committee. Thorax 1995;50(8):851–7.

Jowers JR, Schwartz AL, Tinkelman DG, Reed KE, Corsello PR, Mazzei AA, Bender DR, Lochhead RA. Disease management program improves asthma outcomes. Am J Managed Care 2000;6:585–592.

Kaplan DL, Rips JL, Clark NM, Evans D, Wasilewski Y; Feldman CH. Transferring a clinic-based health education program for children with asthma to a school setting. J Sch Health 1986;56(7):267–71.

Kelly CS, Morrow AL, Shults J, Nakas N, Strope GL, Alelman RD. Outcomes evaluation of a comprehensive intervention program for asthmatic children enrolled in Medicaid. Pediatrics 2000;105(5):1029–35.

Kelso TM, Abou-Shala N, Heilker GM, Arheart KL, Portner TS, Self TH. Comprehensive long-term management program for asthma: effect on outcomes in adult African American. Am J Med Sci 1996;311(6):272–80.

Knoell DL, Pierson JR, Marsh CB, Allen JN, Pathak DS. Measurement of outcomes in adults receiving pharmaceutical care in a comprehensive asthma outpatient clinic. Pharmacotherapy 1998;18(6):1365–74.

Kotses H, Stout C, McConnaughy K, Winder JA, Creer TL. Evaluation of individualized asthma self-management programs. J Asthma 1996;33(2):113–8.

Krieger J, Takaro TK, Allen C, Song L, Weaver M, Chai S, Dickey P. The Seattle-King County Healthy Homes Project: Implementation of a comprehensive approach to improving indoor environmental quality for low-income children with asthma. Environ Health Perspect 2002;110(2):311–22.

Krishna S, Francisco BD, Balas EA, Konig P, Graff GR, Madsen RW. Internet-enabled interactive multimedia asthma education program: A randomized trial. Pediatrics 2003;III;503–10.

Krutsch CB, Bellicha TC, Parker SR. Making childhood asthma management education happen in the community: translating health behavioral research into local programs. Health Educ Q 1987;14(3):357–73.

Legorreta AP, Leung KM, Berkbigler D, Evans R, Liu X. Outcomes of a population-based asthma management program: quality of life, absenteeism and utilization. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2000;85(1):28–34.

Levy ML, Robb M, Allen J, Doherty C, Bland JM, Winter RJD. A randomized controlled evaluation of specialist nurse education following accident and emergency department attendance for acute asthma. Respir Med 2000;94:900–8.

Lewis MA, Rachelefesky G, Lewis CE, Leake B, Richards W. Termination of a randomized clinical trial for poor Hispanic children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1994;148(4):64–7.

Lewis MA, de la Sota A, Rachelefsky G, Lewis CE, Quinones H, Richards W. ACT- asthma control y tratamiento para ninos: a progress report. Health Educ Q 1987;14(3):281–90.

Lewis MA, Lewis CE, Leake B, Monahan G, Rachelefesky G. Organizing the community to target poor Latino children with asthma. J Asthma 1996;33(5):289–97.

Lewis CE, Rachelefsky G, Lewis MA, de la Sota A, Kaplan M. A randomized trial of A.C.T. (asthma care training) for kids. Pediatrics 1984;74(4):478–86.

Lin S, Gomez M, Hwang S-N, Franko EM, Bobier JK. An evaluation of the asthma intervention of the New York State Healthy Neighborhoods Program. J Asthma 2004;41(5):583–95.

Lorig KR, Sobel DS, Ritter PL, Laurent D, Hobbs M. Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease. Eff Clin Pract 2001;4(6):256–62.

Lozano P, Finkelstein JA, Carey VJ, Wagner EH, Inui TS, Fuhlbrigge AL, et al. A multi-site randomized trial of the effects of physician education and organizational change in chronic-asthma care. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2004;158:875–83.

Lucas DO, Zimmer LO, Paul JE, Jones D, Slatko G, Liao W, Lashley J. Two-year results from the asthma self-management program: long-term impact on health care services, costs, functional status, and productivity. J Asthma 2001;38(4):321–30.

Ludwig- Beymer P, Greene A. Advocate’s health care’s approach to adult asthma. Chest 1999;116:206S–207S.

Lukacs SL, France EK, Baron AE, Crane LA. Effectiveness of an asthma management program for pediatric members of a large health maintenance organization. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002;156:872–6.

Lurie N, Bauer EJ, Brady C. Asthma outcomes at an inner-city school-based health center. J Sch Health 2002;71(1):9–16.

Lwebluga-Mukasa J, Dunn-Georgiou E. A school-based asthma intervention program in Buffalo, New York schools. J Sch Health 2002:72(1):27–32.

Madge P, McColl J, Paton J. Impact of a nurse-led home management training programme in children admitted to hospital with acute asthma: a randomized controlled study. Thorax 1997;52:223–8.

Malveaux FJ, Fletcher VS. Environmental risk factors of childhood asthma in urban centers. Environ Health Perspect 1995;103 (Suppl 6):59–62.

Marabini A, Brugnami G, Curradi F, Casciola G, Stopponi R, Pettinari L, Siracusa A. Short-term effectiveness of an asthma educational program: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Respir Med 2002;96:993–8.

Marosi A, Stiesmeyer J. Improving pediatric asthma patient outcomes by incorporation of effective interventions. J Asthma 2001;38(8):681–90.

Mayo PH, Richman J, Harris HW. Results of a program to reduce admission for adult asthma. Ann Intern Med 1990;112(11):864–71.

McCarthy MJ, Herbert R, Brimacombe M, Hansen J, Wong D, Zelman M. Empowering Parents through Asthma Education. (Continuing Education Series). Pediatr Nurs 2002;28:465–75.

McConnell R, Jones Craig, Milam J, Gonzalez P, Berhane K, Clement L, Richardson J, Hanley-Lopez J, Kwong K, Maalouf N, Galvan J, Platts-Mills T. Cockroach counts and house dust allergen concentrations after professional cockroach control and cleaning. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2003;91:546–52.

McDermott MF, Walter J, Catrambone C, Weiss KB. The Chicago Emergency Department Asthma Collaborative. Chest 1999;116:196S–197S.

McElmurry BJ, Buseh AG, Dublin M. Health education program to control asthma in multiethnic low-income urban communities. Chest 1999;116:198S–199S.

McEwen M, Johnson P, Neatherlin J, Millard MW, Lawrence G. School-based management of chronic asthma among inner-city African-American school children in Dallas, Texas. J Sch Health 1998;68(5):196–201.

McGhan SL, Wells HM, Befus AD. The “Roaring Adventures of Puff”: A childhood asthma education program. J Pediatr Health Care 1998;12(4):191–5.

McGhan SL, Wong E, Jhangri GS, Wells HM, Michaelchuk DR, Boechler VL, et al. Evaluation of an education program for elementary school children with asthma. J Asthma 2003;40(5):523–33.

McLean B. Gillis J, Waller R. The BC community pharmacy asthma study: A study of clinical, economic and holistic outcomes influenced by an asthma care protocol provided by specially trained community pharmacists in British Columbia. Can Respir J 2003;10:195–202.

McNabb WL, Wislon-Pessano SR, Hughes GW, Scamagas P. Self-management education for children with asthma: AIR WISE. Am J Pub Health 1985;75(10):1219–20.

Metzer SB, Hovell MF, Meltzer EO, Atkins CJ, de Peyster A. Reduction of secondary smoke exposure in asthmatic children: parent counseling. J Asthma 1993;30(5):391–400.

Meurer JR, McKenzie S, Mischler E, Subichin S, Malloy M, George V. The awesome Asthma School Days Program: educating children, inspiring a community. J Sch Health 1999;69(2):63–8.

Miller K, Ward-Smith P, Cox K, Jones EM, Portnoy JM. Development of an asthma disease management program in a children’s hospital. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2003;3:491–500.

Mitchell H, Senturia Y, Gergen P, Baker D, Joseph C, McNiff-Mortimer K, Wedner HJ, Crain E; Eggleston P, Evans R, Kattan M, Kercsmar C, Leickly F, Malveaux F, Smartt E, Weiss K. Design and Methods of the National Cooperative Inner-City Asthma Study. Pediatr Pulmonol 1997;24(4):237–52.

Moe EL, Eisenberg JD, Vollmer WM, Wall MA, Stevens VJ, Hollis JF. Implementation of “Open Airways” as an educational intervention for children with asthma in an HMO. J Pediatr Health Care 1992;6(5 Pt 1):251–5.

Morgan WJ, Crain EF, Gruchalla RS, O’Connor GT, Kattan M, Evans III R, et al. Results of a home-based environmental intervention among urban children with asthma. N Engl J Med 2004;351:1068–80.

Moudgil H, Marshall T, Honeybourne D. Asthma education and quality of life in the community: a randomized controlled study to evaluate the impact on white European and Indian subcontinent ethnic groups from socio-economically deprived areas in Birmingham, UK. Thorax 2000;55(3):177–83.

Muhlhauser I, Richter B, Kraut D, Weske G, Worth H, Berger M. Evaluation of a structured treatment and teaching programme on asthma. J Intern Med 1991;230(2):157–64.

Naureckas ET, Wolf RL, Trubitt MJ, Weiss KB, Hernandez-Thomas E, Thomas S, Fink J, Zeitz HJ, Coover L, Scharf JS. The Chicago Asthma Consortium. Chest 1999;116:190S–193S.

Navaie-Waliser M, Mersman C, Lincoln P. Implementing a pediatric asthma program: enabling self-care management through education. Home Healthc Nurse 2004;22(9):633–9.

De Oliveira MA, Bruno VF, Ballini LS, BritoJardim JR, Fernandes ALG. Evaluation of an educational program for asthma control in adults. J Asthma 1997;34(5):395–403.

De Oliveira MA, Faresin SM, Bruno VF, de Bittencourt AR, Fernandes ALG. Evaluation of an educational programme for socially deprived asthma patients. Eur Respir J 1999;14:908–14.

O’Neill MS. Helping schoolchildren with asthma breathe easier: partnerships in community based environmental health education. Environ Health Perspect 1996;104(5):464–6.

Peleg R, Gehtman P, Blancovich I, Aburabia R, Allush R, Hazut S, Shvartzman P. Outcomes of an intervention programme for treatment of asthma in a primary care clinic for Bedouins in Southern Israel. Fam Pract 2002;19:448–51.

Pepper DR, Hamilton KD, Burton PV, Youngelarke D, Lohne Enok. “Asthma MAPper”-An Effective Population-Based Intervention? Unpublished draft provided by co-author Kevin Hamilton.

Perez MG, Feldman L, Caballero F. Effects of a self-management educational program for the control of childhood asthma. Patient Educ Couns 1999;36:47–55.

Perneger TV, Sudre P, Muntner P, Uldry C, Courteheuse C, Naef AF, Jacquenet S, Nicod L, Rochat T, Assal JP. Effect of patient education on self-management skills and health status in patients with asthma: A randomized trial. Am J Med 2002;113:7–14.

Persky V, Coover L, Hernandez E, Contreras A, Slezak J, Piorkowski J, Curtis L, et al. Chicago community-based asthma intervention trial: Feasibility of delivering peer education in an inner-city population. Chest 1999;116:216S–23S.

Premaratne UN, Sterne JA, Marks GB, Webb JR, Azima H, Burney PG. Clustered randomized trial of an intervention to improve the management of asthma: Greenwich asthma study. Br Med J 1999;318(7193):1251–5.

Rachelefsky GS. Review of asthma self-management programs. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1987;80 (3 Pt 2):506–11.

Rachelefsky GS, Lewis CE, de la Sota A, Lewis MA. ACT (asthma care training) for kids. A childhood asthma self-management program. Chest 1985;87(1 Suppl):98S–100S.

Rakos RF, Grodek MV, Mack KK. The impact of a self-administered behavioral intervention program on pediatric asthma. J Psychosom Res 1985;29(1):101–8.

Redline S, Wright EC, Kattan M, Kercsmar C, Weiss K. Short-term compliance with peak flow monitoring: results from a study of inner city children with asthma. Pediatr Pulmonol 1996;21(4):203–10.

Ringsberg KC, Wiklund I, Wihelmsen L. Education of adult patients at an asthma school: effects on quality of life, knowledge and need for nursing. Eur Respir J 1990;3(1):33–7.

Robichaud P, Laberge A, Allen M-F, Boutin H, Rossi C, Lajoie P, et al. Evaluation of a program aimed at increasing referrals for asthma education of patients consulting at the emergency department for acute asthma. Chest. 2004;126(5):1495–501.

Ronchetti R, Indinnimeo L, Bonci E, Corrias A, Evans D, Hindi-Alexander M, Midulla F, Pujelo R, Villa MP. Asthma self-management programmes in a population of Italian children: a multicentric study. Italian Study Group on Asthma Self-management Programmes. Eur Respir J 1997;10(6):1248–53.

Roque F, Walker L, Herrod P, Pyzik T, Clapp W. The Lawndale Christian Health Center Asthma Education Program. Chest 1999;16:201S–202S.

Rosenstreich, D, Eggleston P, Kattan M, Baker D, Slavin RG, Gergen P, Mitchell H, McNiff-Mortimer K, Lynn H, Ownby D, Malveaux F. The role of cockroach allergy and exposure to cockroach allergen in causing morbidity among inner-city children with asthma. N Engl J Med 1997;336:156–63.

Rubin DH, Leventahl JM, Sadock RT, Letovsky E, Schottland P, Clemente I, McCarthy P. Educational intervention by computer in childhood asthma: a randomized clinical trial testing the use of a new teaching intervention in asthma. Pediatr 1986;77(1);1–10.

Schmidt DK, Fulwood R, Lenfant C. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program. Chest 1999;116:235S–236S.

Schneider SL, Richard M, Huss K, Huss RW, Thompson LC, Butz Am, Egggleston PA, Kolodner KB, Rand CS, Malveaux FJ. Moving health care education into the community. Nurs Manage 1997;28(9):40–3.

Schott-Baer D, Christensen M. A pilot program to increase self care of adult asthma patients. Med Surg Nurs 1999;8(13):178–87.

Schulz M, Verheyen F, Muhlig S, Muller JM, Muhlbauer K, Knop-Schneichert E, Petermann F, Bergmann KC. Pharmaceutical care services for asthma patients: A controlled intervention study. J Clin Pharmacol 2001;41:668–76.

Sellors J, Kaczorowski J, Sellors C, Dolovich L, Woodward C, Willan A, Goeree R, Cosby R, Trim K, Sebaldt R, Howard M, Hardcastle L, Poston J. A Randomized Controlled trial of a pharmacist consultation program for family physicians and their elderly patients. Can Med Assoc J 2003;169(1):17–22.

Shah S, Peat JK, Mazurski EJ, Wang H, Sindhusake D, Bruce C, Henry RL, Gibson P. Effect of a peer-led programme for asthma education in adolescents: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Br Med J 2001;322(7286):583–90.

Shames RS, Sharek P, Mayer M, Robinson TN, Hoyte EG, Gonzalez-Hensley F, et al. Effectiveness of a multicomponent self-management program in at-risk, school-aged children with asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2004; 92(6):611–8.

Shields MC, Griffin KW, McNabb WL. The effect of a patient education program on emergency room use for inner-city children with asthma. Am J Publ Hlth 1990;80(1):36–8.

Slutsky P, Bryant-Stephens T. Developing a Comprehensive, Community-Based Asthma Education and Training Program. Pediatric Nursing Sept-Oct 2001 27:449–464. Results of this study are in Bryant-Stephens T; Li Y. Philadelphia Asthma Education Program. (submitted unpublished article)

Snyder SE, Winder, JA, Creer, TJ. Development and evaluation of an adult asthma self-management program: Wheezers Anonymous. J Asthma 1987;24(3):153–8.

D’Souze WJ, Slater T, Fox C, Box B, Te Karu H, Gemmell T, Ratima MM, Pearce NE, Beasley RB. Asthma morbidity six years after an effective asthma self-management programme in a Maori community. Eur Respir J 2000;15(4):664–9.

Stevens CA, Wesseldine LJ, Couriel JM, Dyer AJ, Osman LM, Silverman M. Parental education and guided self-management of asthma and wheezing in the pre-school child: a randomized controlled trial. Thorax 2002;57(1):39–45.

Stiegler KA, Yunker NS, Crouch MA. Effect of pharmacist counseling in patients hospitalized with acute exacerbation of asthma. Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2003;60:473–76.

Stout JW, White LC, Rogers LT, McRorie T, Morray B, Miller-Ratcliffe M, Redding GJ. The Asthma outreach project: A Promising Approach to Comprehensive Asthma Management. J Asthma 1998;35(1):119–27.

Sullivan S, Elixhauser A, Buist AS, Luce BR, Eisenberg J, Weiss KB. National Asthma Education and Prevention Program working group report on the cost-effectiveness of asthma care. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996;154(3 Pt 2):S84–95.

Sullivan SD, Weiss KB. Assessing cost-effectiveness in asthma care: building an economic model to study the impact of alternative intervention strategies. Allergy 1993;48(17 Suppl):146–52; discussion 162–3.

Taggart VS, Zuckerman AS, Sly RM, Steinmuller C, Newman G, O’Brien RW, Scneider S, Bellanti JA. You Can Control Asthma: evaluation of an asthma education program for hospitalized inner-city children. Patient Educ Couns 1991;17(1):35–47.

Taggart VS, Zuckerman AE, Lucas S, Acty-Lindsey A, Bellanti JA. Adapting a self-management education program for asthma use in an outpatient clinic. Ann Allergy 1987;58(3):173–8.

Takaro TK, Krieger JW, Song L. Effect of environmental interventions to reduce exposure to asthma triggers in homes of low-income children in Seattle. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2004;14(1S):133–43.

Thonnen BPA, Schermer TRJ, van den Boom G, Molema J, Folgering H, Akkermans RP, Grol R, van Weel C, van Schayck CP. Self-management of asthma in general practice, asthma control and quality of life: A randomized controlled trial. Thorax 2003;58:30–36.

Thoonen BPA, Schermer TRJ, Jansen M, Smelle I, Jacobs AJE, Grol R, van Schayck OCP. Asthma education tailored to individual patient needs can optimize partnerships in asthma self-management. Patient Educ Couns 2002;47:355–60.

Tieffenberg JA, Wood EI, Alanzo A, Tossutti MS, Vicente MF. A Randomized Field Trial of ACINDESs: A child centered training model for children with chronic illnesses (asthma and epilepsy). J Urban Health 2000;77:280–96.

Toelle BG, Peat JK, Salome CM, Mellis CM, Bauman AE, Woolock AJ. Evaluation of a community based asthma management program in a population sample of schoolchildren. Med J Australia 1993;158(11):742–6.

Trubitt MJ. United Health Care of Illinois. Chest 1999;116:208S–209S.

Tschopp JM, Frey JG, Pernet R, Burrus C, Jordan B, Morin, Garrone S, Imhof K, Besse F, Marty S, Uldry C, Assal JP. Bronchial asthma and self-management education: Implementation of guidelines by an interdisciplinary programme in a health network. Swiss Med Wkly 2002;132:92–97.

Tsitoura S, Nestoridou K, Botis P, Karmaus W, Botezan C, Bojarskas J, Arshad H, Kuehr J, Forster J. Randomized trial to prevent sensitization to mite allergens in toddlers and preschoolers by allergen reduction and education. Arch Pediatr Adoles Med 2002;156:1021–27.

Turner MO, Taylor D, Bennett R, Fitzgerald JM. A randomized trial comparing peak expiratory flow and symptom self-management plans for patients with asthma attending a primary care clinic. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;157;540–6.

van der Palen J, Klein JJ, Zielhuis GA, Herwaarden CLA van, Seydel ER. Behavioural effect of self-treatment guidelines in a self-management program for adults with asthma. Patient Educ Couns 2001;43:161–9.

Velsor-Friedrich B, Pigott TD, Louloudes A. The effects of a school-based intervention on the self-care and health of African-American inner-city children with asthma. J Pediatr Nurs 2004;19(4):247–56.

Veninga CCM, Lagerlov P, Wahlstrom R, Muskova M, Denig P, Berkhop J, Lochen MM, Haaijer-Ruskamp FM. Evaluating an educational intervention to improve the treatment of asthma in four European countries. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999;160: 254–62.

Vilar MEB, Reddy MB, Silverman BA, Bassett CB, Rao YA. Superior clinical outcomes of inner city asthma patients treated in an allergy clinic. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2000;84(3):299–303.

Vojta PJ, Randels SP, Stout J, Muilenberg M, Burge HA, Lynn H, Mitchell H, O’Connor GT, Zeldin DC. Effects of physical interventions on house dust mite allergen levels in carpet, bed, and upholstery dust in low-income, urban homes. Environ Health Perspect 2001;109(8):815–9.

Wahlgren DR, Hovell MF, Metzer SB, Hofstetter R, Zakarian JM. Reduction of environmental tobacco smoke exposure in asthmatic children. Chest 1997;111(1):81–8.

Walsh J, Wong CA, Cooper S, Guhan AR, Pringle M, Tattersfield AE. Morbidity from asthma in relation to regular treatment: A community based study. Thorax 1999;54(4):296–300.

Warschburger P, von Schwerin A-D, Bucholz HT, Petermann F. An educational program for parents of asthmatic preschool children: Short-and medium-term effects. Patient Educ Couns 2003;51:83–91.

Webber MP, Carpiniello KE, Oruwariye T, Lo Y, Burton WB, Appel DK. Burden of asthma in inner-city elementary schoolchildren: Do school-based health centers make a difference? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2003;157:125–29.

Weinberger M, Murray MD, Marrero DG, Brewer N, Lykens M, Harris LE, Seshadri R, Caffrey H, Roesner JF, Smith F, Newell AJ, Collins JC, McDonald CH, Tierney WM. Effectiveness of pharmacist care for patients with reactive airways disease. JAMA 288:1594–602.

Weiss KB, Addington WW. Improving our public health system’s care for children with asthma. Pediatrics 1997;99(2):252–4.

Weiss KB, Gergen PJ, Crain EF. Inner-city asthma. The epidemiology of an emerging US public health concern. Chest 1992;101(6 Suppl):362S–367S.

Wennergren G, Wilson N. Short and long-term efficacy. Childhood asthma. Eur Respir J Suppl 1998;27:52s–58s.

Wensley D, Silverman M. Peak flow monitoring for guided self-management in childhood asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004;170:606–12.

Wesseldine LJ, McCarthy P, Silverman M. Structured discharge procedure for children admitted to hospital with acute asthma: A randomized controlled trial of nursing practice. Arch Dis Child 1999;80:110–4.

Wilson SR; Individual versus group education: is one better? Patient Educ Couns 1997;32(1 Suppl):S67–75.

Wilson SR. Patient and physician behavior models related to asthma care. Med Care 1993;31(3 Suppl):MS49–60.

Wilson SR, German DF, Lulla S, Chardon L, Starr-Scheidkraut N, Arsham GM. A controlled trial of two forms of self-management education for adults with asthma. Am J Med 1993;94(6):564–76.

Wilson SR, Latini D, Starr NJ, Fish L, Loes LM, Page A, Kubic P. Education of parents of infants and very young children with asthma: a developmental evaluation of the Wee Wheezers program. J Asthma 1996;33(4)239–54.

Wilson SR, Scamagas P, Grado J, Norgaard L, Starr N, Earon S, Pomaville K. The Fresno Asthma Project: a model intervention to control asthma in multiethnic, low income, inner-city communities. Health Educ Behav 1998;25(1):79–98.

Wilson SR, Starr-Schneidkraut N. State of the art in asthma education: The US experience. Chest 1994;106(4 Suppl):197S–205S.

Wilson SR, Yamada IG, Sudhakar R, Roberto L, Mannino D, Mejia C, Huss N. A controlled trial of an environmental tobacco smoke reduction intervention in low-income children with asthma. Chest 2001;120(1):1709–22.

Wilson-Pessano SR, McNabb WL. The role of patient education in the management of childhood asthma. Prev Med 1985;14(6):670–87.

Wilson-Pessano SR, Scamagas P, Arsham GM, Chardon L, Coss S, German DF, Hughes GW. An evaluation of approaches to asthma self management education for adults: the AIR/Kaiser Permanente Study. Health Educ Q 1987;14(3):333–43.

Windsor, RA. Discussant Section, Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994;149:S67–S68.

Wissow LS, Roter D, Bauman LJ, Crain E, Kercsmar C, Weiss K, Mitchell H, Mohr B. Patient-provider education during the emergency department care of children with asthma. Med Care 1998;36(10):1439–50.

Wissow LS, Warshow M, Box J, Baker D. Case management and quality assurance to improve care of inner-city children with asthma. Am J Dis Child 1988;142(7):748–52.

Woodcock A, Forster L, Matthews E, Martin J, Letley L, Vicker M, Britton J, Strachan D, Howarth P, Altmann D, Phil. D, Frost C, Stat. D, Custovic A. Control of exposure to mite allergen and allergen-impermeable bed covers for adults with asthma. N Engl J Med 2003;349:225–36.

Wright D. The Infant Welfare Society’s Asthma Management Program. Chest 1999;116:202S–203S.

Yawn BP, Wollan P, Scanlon PD, Kurland M. Outcome results of a school-based screening program for undertreated asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2003;90:508–15.

Yoos HL, McMullen A, Bezek S, Hondorf C, Berry S, Herendeen N, MacMaster K, Schwartzberg ML. An asthma management program for urban minority children. J Pediatr Health Care 1997;11(2):66–74.

Young NL, Foster AM, Parkin PC, Reisman J, MacLusky I, Gold Milton, Feldman W. Assessing the efficacy of a school-based asthma education program for children: A pilot study. Can J Public Health 2001;92(1):30–4.

Zimmerman BJ, Bonner S, Evans D, Mellins RB. Self-regulating childhood asthma: a developmental model of family change. Health Educ Behav 1999;26(1):55–71.

Zorc JJ, Scarfone RJ, Li Y, Hong T, Harmelin M, Grunstein L, Andre JB. Scheduled follow-up after a pediatric emergency department visit for asthma: A randomized trial. Pediatrics 2003;3:495–502.

Page last reviewed: April 24, 2009