CDC provides national leadership for HIV prevention research, including the development and evaluation of HIV biomedical and behavioral interventions to prevent HIV transmission and reduce HIV disease progression in the United States and internationally. CDC’s research efforts also include identifying those scientifically proven, cost-effective, and scalable interventions and prevention strategies to be implemented as part of a high-impact prevention approach for maximal impact on the HIV epidemic.
The AIDS epidemic, although first recognized only 20 years ago, has had a profound impact in communities throughout the United States.
The Serostatus Approach to Fighting the HIV Epidemic: Prevention Strategies for Infected Individuals
R. S. Janssen, D. R. Holtgrave, and K. M. De Cock led the writing of this commentary. R. O. Valdiserri, M. Shepherd, and H. D. Gayle contributed ideas and helped with writing and reviewing the manuscript.
CDC has researched several HIV prevention interventions that have proven effective in helping to prevent HIV infection in certain populations and communities.
The Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) is a surveillance system designed to learn more about the experiences and needs of people who are living with HIV. It is supported by several government agencies and conducted by state and local health departments along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Assessment of 2010 CDC-funded Health Department HIV Testing Spending and Outcomes pdf icon[PDF – 359 KB]
- HIV Testing Trends in the United States, 2000-2011 pdf icon[PDF – 1 MB]
- HIV Testing at CDC-Funded Sites, United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2010 pdf icon[PDF – 691 KB]
- HIV Prevention Funding Allocations at CDC-Funded State and Local Health Departments, 2010 pdf icon[PDF – 792 KB]
Cost-effectiveness of HIV Prevention
- The cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention efforts has long been a criterion in setting program priorities. The basic principle is straightforward: choose those options that provide the greatest outcome for the least cost.
- The fact sheet Projecting Possible Future Courses of the HIV Epidemic in the United Statespdf icon compares the cost-effectiveness of three different prevention investment scenarios.
The HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Project identifies evidence-based HIV behavioral interventions (EBIs) listed in the Compendium of Evidence-Based HIV Behavioral Interventions to help HIV prevention planners and providers in the United States choose the interventions most appropriate for their communities.
- On January 1, 2012, CDC began a new 5-year HIV prevention funding cycle with health departments, awarding $339 million annually.
- The STD/HIV National Network of Prevention Training Centers provides training for health departments and CBOs on the HIV prevention interventions.