Reduce reported rate of hepatitis B-related deaths by 20% or more
Status: Moving toward annual target, but annual target was not fully met
Met or exceeded current annual target
Moving toward annual target, but annual target was not fully met
Annual target was not met and has not changed or moved away from annual target
Source: CDC, National Vital Statistics System.1
* Rates are per 100,000 population and age-adjusted to the 2000 US Standard Population.
† Cause of death is defined as the underlying cause of death or one of the multiple causes of death and is based on the International Classification of Disease, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes B16, B17.0, B18.0, or B18.1.2
Summary of Findings
There has been progress in reducing hepatitis B-related deaths since 2013. The age-adjusted hepatitis B-related death rate during 2021 was 0.44 deaths per 100,000 population, above the target rate of 0.40. The overall increase in US deaths due to the COVID-19 pandemic during 2020 and 2021 may have contributed to the higher hepatitis B-related death rates in these two years; therefore, 2020 and 2021 data should be interpreted with caution.
Reduction needed to meet 2025 goal:
A 16% reduction from the 2021 rate of hepatitis B-related deaths is needed to meet the 2025 goal of 0.37 deaths per 100,000 population.
This reduction can best be achieved by:
- Increasing access to testing for hepatitis B.
- Increasing access to care and appropriate treatment for persons living with chronic hepatitis B infection.
- Developing trainings, technical assistance, and tools for primary care and other healthcare providers to support implementation of hepatitis B testing and referral to care.
- Using digital technology and telemedicine models to expand access to specialty healthcare providers.
- Developing innovative and useful clinical decision support tools that increase implementation of hepatitis B screening, testing, and linkage to care.
- Conducting cost-benefit analyses to determine how payer policies can be revised to expand access to hepatitis B services.
- Supporting research and development for new and more effective antiviral therapies with the goal of a functional cure for hepatitis B.
CDC, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)
Number of death records with a report of hepatitis B listed as the underlying or one of the multiple causes of death
Total US Census population
Death certificates are completed for all deaths registered in the United States.1 Information for death certificates is provided to funeral directors or cremation organizations by attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners. Death certificates are filed in vital statistics offices within each state and the District of Columbia. Through the NVSS, information from death certificates is compiled by CDC to produce national Multiple Cause of Death data; causes of death are coded in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision.2 National Multiple Cause of Death data from NVSS were obtained and analyzed, and those death records with a report of hepatitis B (ICD-10: B16, B17.0, B18.0, or B18.1) listed as the underlying or one of the multiple (i.e., contributing) causes of death in the record were enumerated. Rates were calculated as the number of hepatitis B–related deaths among US residents of the 50 states and District of Columbia divided by the total US Census population using the postcensal estimates of the July 1 resident population. Rates were standardized to the age distribution of the 2000 US Standard Population.3
The 2025 goal of 0.37 hepatitis B-related deaths per 100,000 population is consistent with CDC’s Division of Viral Hepatitis 2025 Strategic Plan and the US Department of Health and Human Services’ 2021–2025 Viral Hepatitis National Strategic Plan . Annual targets assume a constant (linear) rate of change from the observed baseline (2017 data year) to the 2025 goal (2023 data year).
Death data must be interpreted with caution due to the potential for misclassification of ICD-10 codes on the death record, underrepresentation of certain racial/ethnic populations in US Census data, and underreporting of viral hepatitis as a cause of death on death certificates.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple Cause of Death 1999–2021 on CDC WONDER Online Database. Data are compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Released 2022. Accessed January 13, 2023.
- World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Viral Hepatitis Surveillance – United States, 2021. Published August 2023. Accessed [date].