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2 The White House Office of National AIDS Policy. National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States. July 2010. icon . Accessed March 9, 2017

3 Grant RM, Lama JR, Anderson PL, et al. Preexposure Chemoprophylaxis for HIV Prevention in Men Who Have Sex with Men. iPrEx Study Group. N Engl J Med 2010;363(27):2587-99.

4 Cohen MS, Chen YQ, McCauley M, et al. Prevention of HIV-1 Infection with Early Antiretroviral Therapy. The HPTN 052 Study Team. N Engl J Med 2011. doi:10.1056/nejmoa1105243

5 Thigpen MC, Kebaabetswe PM, Smith DK, et al. Daily oral antiretroviral use for the prevention of HIV infection in heterosexually active young adults in Botswana: results from the TDF2 study. HIV-1-infected adults. 6th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. July 17-20, 2011. Rome. Abstract WELBC01.

6 Baeten J. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-1 prevention among heterosexual African men and women: the Partners PrEP study. HIV-1-infected adults. 6th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. July 17-20, 2011. Rome. Abstract MOAX0106.

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11 Mermin J. The Science and Practice of HIV Prevention in the United States. 18th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Boston, February 27-March 2, 2011. Paper #19.

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18 Clinical Guidelinesexternal icon. Accessed 2020.

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22 Hogben M, McNally T, McPheeters M, et al. The effectiveness of HIV partner counseling and referral services in increasing identification of HIV-positive individuals: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med 2007; 33(2 Suppl):S89-100.

23 CDC. Recommendations for partner services programs for HIV infections, syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial infection. MMWR 2008;57(No. RR9):1-83.

24 Drumright LN, Colfax GN. HIV risk and prevention for non-injection substance users. In: Mayer KH, Pizer HF, editors. HIV prevention: a comprehensive approach. London: Academic Press/Elsevier; 2009:340-375.

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26 Baeten JM, Strick LB, Lucchetti A, et al. Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-suppressive therapy decreases plasma and genital HIV-1 levels in HSV-2/HIV-1 coinfected women: a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. J Infect Dis 2008;198(12):1804-8.

27 Zuckerman RA, Lucchetti A, Whittington WL, et al. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) suppression with valacyclovir reduces rectal and blood plasma HIV-1 levels in HIV-1/HSV-2-seropositive men: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial. J Infect Dis 2007;196(10):1500-8.

28 Dunne EF, Whitehead S, Sternberg M, et al. Suppressive acyclovir therapy reduces HIV cervicovaginal shedding in HIV- and HSV-2-infected women, Chiang Rai, Thailand. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2008;49(1):77-83.

29 CDC. Interim Guidance: Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection in Men Who Have Sex with Men. MMWR 2011;60(03);65-68.

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