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This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

The Healthy Community Design Initiative, also known as the Built Environment and Health Initiative, is no longer a funded program and the information on this website is not being reviewed and updated on a regular basis.


CDC Publications

This page lists publications by HCDI authors (in bold) as well as publications funded by HCDI. Visit Related Articles for other articles related to the built environment and health.

Publications and Manuscripts

Boehmer TK, Wendel AM, Bowers F, Robb K, Christopher E, Broehm JE, et al. U.S. Transportation and Health Tool: Data for action. J Transport Health. 2017;6:530-7. [Rose K, Ralph J]

Whitfield GP, Meehan LA, Maizlish N, Wendel AM. The Integrated Transport and Health Impact Modeling tool in Nashville, Tennessee, USA: Implementation steps and lessons learned. J Transport Health. 2016;5:172-81.

Whitfield GP, Wendel AM, Auchincloss AH. Ecological analysis of parking prices and active commuting in US cities, 2009. Chron Dis. 2016;13:160097.

Ussery EN, Yngve L, Merriam D, Whitfield G, Foster S, Wendel A, et al. The National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network access to parks indicator: A national county-level measure of park proximity. J Park Rec Admin. 2016;34(3). [Boehmer T]

Whitfield GP, Ussery EN, Riordan B, Wendel AM. Association between user-generated commuting and population-representative active commuting surveillance data—four cities, 2014–2015. MMWR. 2016;65:959–62.

Alliance for Biking & Walking. Bicycling and Walking in the U.S.: 2016 Benchmarking Report. Washington, DC: Alliance for Bicycling & Walking;2016.
In conjunction with CDC’s Healthy Community Design Initiative.

Merriam D. Parks: An opportunity to leverage environmental health. [commentary] J Environ Health. 2016;78(6):112–4.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Park Service. The parks, trails, and health workbook: A Tool for planners, parks and recreational professionals, and health practitioners. Washington, DC: National Park Service; 2016. [Merriam D].

Whitfield GP, Paul P, Wendel AM. Active Transportation Surveillance — United States, 1999–2012. MMWR Surveill Summ 2015;64(No. SS-7).

Vargo J; Gerhardstein BG, Whitfield GP; Wendel AM.Bicyclist Deaths Associated with Motor Vehicle Traffic — United States, 1975–2012. MMWR 2015; 64(31);837-41.

Whitfield GP, Wendel AM. Modeling health impacts of the transportation built environment: challenges and opportunities [commentary][PDF – 358 KB]. J Environ Health 2015;77(7):36-7.

Everett Jones S, Wendel AM. Characteristics of joint use agreements in school districts in the United States: findings from the school health policies and practices study, 2012. Prev Chronic Dis 2015;12:140560.

Boothe VL, Boehmer TK, Wendel AM, Yip FY. Residential traffic exposure and childhood leukemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Prev Med. 2014;46(4): 413-22.

Dannenberg AL, Wu P, Frumkin H. The role of physicians in promoting healthier built environments. Am J Prev Med 2013;44(6):e67-9.

Freeland A, Banerjee S, Dannenberg AL, Wendel AM. Walking associated with public transit: moving toward increased physical activity in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2013 Mar;103(3):536-42.

Dannenberg AL, Wernham A. Health impact assessment in the USA. Ch 23 In: Kemm, J, editor. Health impact assessment: Past achievement, current understanding, and future progress. Oxford UK: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Blanck HM, Allen D,Bashir Z, Gordon N, Goodman A, Merriam D, Rutt, C. Let’s go play in the park today: the role of parks in obesity prevention and improving the public’s health. Childhood Obesity 2012;8(5):423-8.

Hebert K, Wendel A, Kennedy S, Dannenberg A. Health impact assessment: A comparison of 45 local, national, and international guidelines. Environ Impact Assess Rev. 2012:34;74-2.
American Planning Association. Healthy Planning: An evaluation of comprehensive and sustainability plans addressing public health [PDF – 2.5 MB]. Washington, DC: American Planning Association;2012. (Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Healthy Community Design Initiative)

Safe Routes to School National Partnership and American  Public Health Association. Promoting active transportation: An opportunity for public health [PDF – 16.4 MB]. 2012.(Funded by the CDC Healthy Community Design Initiative)

Wendel AM. Establishing the practice of health impact assessment in the United States [PDF – 612 KB]. J Environ Health 2012;75(1):32-33.

Ross CL, Leone de Nie K, Dannenberg AL, Beck LF, Marcus MJ, Barringer J. Health impact assessment of the Atlanta Beltline. Am J Prev Med. 2012;42(3):135-42.

From Fitness Zones to the Medical Mile: How Urban Park Systems Can Best Promote Health and Wellness
Washington, DC: The Trust for Public Land; 2011.

Mumford KG, Contant CK, Weissman J, Wolf J, Glanz K. Changes in physical activity and travel behaviors in residents of a mixed-use development [PDF – 57 KB]. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Nov; 41(5):504-7.(CDC -funded study)

Comprehensive Planning for Public Health: Results of the Planning and Community Health Research Center Survey [PDF – 7.9 MB] (CDC-funded project)

Healthy Community Design Expert Workshop, September 2009 [PDF – 566 KB] (CDC workshop)

Kochtitzky CS, Frumkin H, Rodriguez R, Dannenberg AL, Rayman J, Rose K, et al. A Model Curriculum for a Course on the Built Environment and Public Health: Training for an Interdisciplinary Workforce[PDF – 105 KB].

Botchwey ND, Hobson SE, Dannenberg AL, Mumford KG, Contant CK, McMillan TE, Jackson RJ, Lopez R, Winkle C. A Model Built Environment and Public Health Course Curriculum: Training for an Interdisciplinary Workforce. Am Journal of Prev Med 2009. 36(2 Suppl):S63-S71.

Wendel AM, Dannenberg AL. Reversing declines in walking and bicycling to school. [commentary]  Prev Med. 2009 ;48(6):513-5.

Wendel AM, Dannenberg AL, Frumkin H. Designing and building healthy places for children. Int J of Environ  Health 2008. 2:338-55.

Younger M, Morrow-Almeida HR, Vindigni SM, Dannenberg AL. The built environment, climate change, and health: Opportunities for co-benefits. Am J Prev Med 2008. 35(5):517-26.

Heishman H, Dannenberg AL.Influencing the Built Environment in Your Community [PDF – 460 KB] Journal of Environ Health,  2008; 71(4):66-7.

An Expert Review on the Strength of the Public Health Data in Support of Proposed Community Design Standards in LEED for Neighborhood Development (CDC expert panel)

Watson M, Dannenberg AL. Investment in Safe Routes to School projects: public health benefits for the larger community. Prev Chronic Dis 2008;5(3).

Dannenberg AL, Bhatia R, Cole BL, Heaton SK, Feldman JD, Rutt CD Use of health impact assessment in the U.S. 27 Case Studies, 1999–2007 [PDF – 390 KB] Am J Prev Med 2008;34(3):241-56.

Dannenberg AL, Bauer DR, Bland AD, Hobson SE, Rose K From health destruction to health promotion, conversion of a worksite smoking shelter, 2007 [PDF – 343 KB] .

Dannenberg AL, Bhatia R, Cole BL, Dora C, Fielding J, Kraft K, et al. Workshop on health impact assessments, Princeton, October 2004 [PDF – 770 KB]

Dannenberg AL, Bhatia R, Cole BL, Dora C, Fielding JE, Kraft K, et al. Growing the field of health impact assessment in the United States: An agenda for research and practice. Am J Public Health -2006:96:-262-70

Besser LM, Dannenberg AL. Walking to public transit: steps to help meet physical activity recommendations. Am J Prev Med. 2005; 29:273-80.

Dannenberg AL, Cramer TW, Gibson CJ. Assessing the walkability of the workplace: A new audit tool. Am J Health Promotion. 2005;20:39-44. Audit tool available at

Committee on Physical Activity, Health, Transportation, and Land Use, Transportation Research Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Does the built environment influence physical activity? Examining the evidence. Transportation Research Board Special Report 282. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2005.

Prevention Institute. The built environment and health: 11 profiles of neighborhood transformation. The Prevention Institute; 2004.

Dannenberg AL, Burton DC, Jackson RJ. Economic and environmental costs of obesity: the impact on airlines. Letter. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2004;27:264.

Dannenberg AL, Frumkin H, Jackson RJ. Making healthy places. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2012.

Frumkin H, Frank L, Jackson R. Urban sprawl and public health: Designing, planning, and building for healthy communities. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2004.

Dannenberg AL, Jackson RJ, Frumkin H, Schieber RA, Pratt M, Kochtitzky C, et al. The Impact of Community Design and Land-Use Choices on Public Health: A Scientific Research Agenda. American Journal of Public Health. 2003;93:1500-8.

Carter SP, Carter SL, Dannenberg AL. Zoning Out Crime and Improving Community Health in Sarasota, Florida: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design. Am J Public Health 2003;93:1442-5.

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  • Page last reviewed: October 21, 2016 (archived document)
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