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Parks and Trails Health Impact Assessment

This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

The Healthy Community Design Initiative, also known as the Built Environment and Health Initiative, is no longer a funded program and the information on this website is not being reviewed and updated on a regular basis.


Appendix A – Method used to develop toolkit content

Parks HIA Toolkit – Development Process

  1. We scanned HIAs that had been completed by the spring of 2013, and identified and reviewed in depth 11 HIAs related to parks, greenspace, and trails. We used these HIAs as the primary source material for this Toolkit.
  2. We extracted key recommendations made by practitioners and the references they used.
  3. We organized the strategies into three layers:
    1. Layer one – overarching strategy themes associated with health outcomes
    2. Layer two – broad recommendations (what the literature base supports)
    3. Layer thre – examples of specific recommendations
  4. Evidence-base data we used to identify strategies:
    1. Peer Reviewed Literature
      1) Primarily, systematic reviews and meta-analysis identified during the scan of the source HIAs, supplemented by material found in:
      i. Green Cities: Good Health
      ii. Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Report on Built Environment + Physical Activity
    2. Federal Recommendations/Strategies/Reports
      1) CDC’s Community Guide
      2) CDC’s Transportation + Health Recommendations [PDF – 388 KB]
      3) National Prevention Strategy [PDF – 4.6 MB]
      4) National Obesity Taskforce
      5) America’s Great Outdoors
    3. Literature from Supporting Organizations
      1) Trust for Public Lands
      2) National Recreation and Park Association
      3) Children & Nature Network
      4) Society of Outdoor Recreation Professionals
      5) National Environmental Education Foundation (fact sheet “Children’s Health and Nature”)
      6) Active Living Research
      7) University of Illinois – Landscape and Human Health Laboratory
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  • Page last reviewed: November 27, 2013 (archived document)
  • Content source: Error processing SSI file
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