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NEPA Related Resources

This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

The Healthy Community Design Initiative, also known as the Built Environment and Health Initiative, is no longer a funded program and the information on this website is not being reviewed and updated on a regular basis.


General NEPA Information

Health in NEPA

  • Bhatia R, Wernham A. Integrating human health into environmental impact assessment: an unrealized opportunity for environmental health and justice. Environ Health Perspect 2008;116:991–1000.

    The paper reviews the purpose and procedures of the environmental impact assessment process, current regulatory requirements for health effects analysis, and potential barriers to and opportunities for improving integration of human health concerns within the environmental impact assessment process.

  • Wernham A. Health impact assessments are needed in decision making about environmental and land-use policy. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011 May;30(5):947-956.

    This paper discusses the potential to increase consideration of health impacts in the NEPA process.

  • Bhatia R. Protecting health using an environmental impact assessment: a case study of San Francisco land use decisionmaking. Am J Public Health. 2007 Mar;97(3):406-413.

    This paper discusses two case studies in San Francisco in which health issues are integrated into the environmental impact assessment process.

  • Improving Health in the United States: The Role of Health Impact Assessment

    Among other recommendations, this 2011 National Research Council study encourages stronger integration of health impacts into the NEPA process.

Go to CDC’s NEPA homepage

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