Public health problems in the United States, such as obesity, physical inactivity, and breathing and heart problems related to air pollution are all influenced by the design of our communities. Designing communities that encourage healthy choices is critical to improving the health and quality of life of community members.
The Tracking Network contains information about community design elements that are related to some of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States, such as injuries, heart disease, diabetes, and asthma.
The health and safety of a community are influenced by many factors. Tracking these data can serve as a benchmark to demonstrate the impact that changes in community design elements can have on activity levels, time spent outdoors, obesity rates, and chronic diseases.
Access to Parks and Schools* ¶ (1,2)
This data estimates the number or percentage of people living within a half mile of a park or a public school.
Proximity of Populations to Schools and Highways +(3)
This indicator displays the number and percent of public schools located within 150m of a highway. It also displays the number of people and percentage of a population living withing 150m of a highway.
1. (*) These data are supplied by the National Center for Educational Statistics. Additional Data supplied by Navteq, 2010, Quarter 3, “LANDUSEA” layer for parks.
2. (¶) These data are supplied by the U.S. Census (2020).
3. (+) These data are supplied by Geospatial Research, Analysis and Services Program (GRASP); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (CDC/ATSDR).
These data can be used to
- serve as a benchmark to demonstrate the impact that changes in the location of parks and schools can have on activity levels, time spent outdoors, obesity rates, and chronic diseases.
- question is there any linkage between proximity to highway and health outcomes?
- identify communities that have more walking, bicycling, and public transportation trips.