10 Essential Environmental Public Health Services

Use these services to assess your environmental health program and participate in larger performance improvement efforts such as voluntary public health accreditation.

Overview of people meeting at a circular table.

These 10 services identify the actions necessary to protect and improve environmental public health. They are adapted from the 10 Essential Public Health Services released in 2002.*

This page shows how these 10 Essential Environmental Public Health Services align with the three core functions of public health (assessment, policy development, and assurance).


  1. Monitor environmental and health status to identify and solve community environmental public health problems
  2. Diagnose and investigate environmental public health problems and health hazards in the community

Policy Development

  1. Inform, educate, and empower people about environmental public health issues
  2. Mobilize community partnerships and actions to identify and solve environmental health problems
  3. Develop policies and plans that support individual and community environmental public health efforts


  1. Enforce laws and regulations that protect environmental public health and ensure safety
  2. Link people to needed environmental public health services and assure the provision of environmental public health services when otherwise unavailable
  3. Assure a competent environmental public health workforce
  4. Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based environmental public health services
  5. Research for new insights and innovative solutions to environmental public health problems

More Information

Environmental Health Resources Organized by the Essential Services

More EH Practice resources for environmental public health professionals

Learn more about our efforts to build capacity to use data to address environmental hazards and improve services

*The 10 Essential Public Health Services describe the public health activities that all communities should undertake. For the past 25 years, the Essential Public Health Services have served as a well-recognized framework for carrying out the mission of public health. The Essential Public Health Services framework was originally released in 1994 and more recently updated in 2020. The revised version is intended to bring the framework in line with current and future public health practice.