Case #516 - May, 2020
A 58 year-old-man from Peru visiting relatives in the United States was killed in a traffic accident. An autopsy revealed cysts in his liver of which a few were excised and sent to pathology for identification. Figures A–C, taken at 40x, 100x, and 200x respectively, show what was observed on a histologic section of a cysts stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H & E). What is your diagnosis? Based on what criteria?
The deceased in this case had cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease) caused by the larval stages of cestodes of the Echinococcus granulosus complex. Diagnostic morphologic features presented in this case included:
- host tissue (Figure A – black arrow) encapsulating the acellular hydatid cyst wall (Figure A – blue arrow)
- multiple protoscolices within the cyst with hooklets visible in some (Figure C – black arrows)
More on echinococcosis
Images presented in the monthly case studies are from specimens submitted for diagnosis or archiving. On rare occasions, clinical histories given may be partly fictitious.
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