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Measuring and Mapping Alcohol Outlet Environment Density, Clusters, and Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Durham, North Carolina, 2017


The figure shows alcohol outlets of Durham County, North Carolina in 2017 with the city of Durham inset at top right. The inset shows historically redlined regions in 1933, established by the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC). Measures from maps of present-day alcohol outlets and historic racial divides show similar disparities. The largest off-premises alcohol outlet cluster in 2017 also appears among the most HOLC grade D (ie, “hazardous”) neighborhoods from 1933. Concentrations of non-Hispanic Black residents are also shown.

Static display of Durham County, North Carolina’s on- and off-premises alcohol outlets in 2017. Historic redlined areas from the same region are inset, established in 1933 by the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation (HOLC). Data sources: 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year block group estimates, 2013–2017; North Carolina Alcoholic Beverage Control license database.

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Page last reviewed: August 31, 2021