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Factors Related to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption at Lunch Among Elementary Students: A Scoping Review


This figure illustrates the multilevel nature of factors influencing fruit and vegetable consumption at lunch among elementary school children. Factors were categorized into 5 groups: individual factors (age, sex, and diet quality), social environment (incentives, verbal prompts, item naming), physical environment (slicing of fruit, portion size, service order, dishware type, meal preparation/service, recess before lunch, time for lunch, time of day, salad bars/a la carte offerings), policy environment (use of default food options, updated nutrition standards), and combined approaches (nutrition education curricula, social marketing, farm-to-school programming, and gamification).

Socioecological framework categorizing factors related to fruit and vegetable consumption at school lunch among elementary students (kindergarten through grade 5) in US schools participating in the National School Lunch Program, 2004–2017.

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Page last reviewed: May 10, 2018