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Impact of Comorbidities Among Medicaid Enrollees With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, United States, 2009


Figure. Use of health care resources by adults aged 18 to 64 years with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 1 or more additional chronic disorders enrolled in Medicaid in 2009, based on 5 clusters of the Elixhauser Comorbidity Index. 1A shows the percentage of all emergency department (ED) visits in 2009 made for COPD and for other chronic disorders. 1B shows the number of ED visits for COPD and for other causes. 1C shows the average number of hospital bed days for COPD and other causes. 1D shows total Medicaid costs for hospital treatment of COPD and other chronic disorders.

Elixhauser Comorbidity Index (No. of Comorbid Disorders) 1A. Prevalence of ED Visits, % 1B. No. of ED Visits 1C. Hospital Bed Days for COPD and Other Chronic Conditions 1D. Total Medicaid Cost, $
COPD-Related Other Causes COPD-Related COPD-Related
0 6.7 34.9 0.086 0.826 0.418 11,934
1 or 2 11.6 55.8 0.173 1.816 2.163 16,455
3 or 4 16.2 75.3 0.284 3.263 7.118 27,575
5 or 6 19.1 84.6 0.390 4.738 13.574 41,497
≥7 22.9 93.1 0.525 7.751 29.091 73,152

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Page last reviewed: April 13, 2017