Concentration of Tobacco Advertisements at SNAP and WIC Stores, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2012
ORIGINAL RESEARCH — Volume 12 — February 5, 2015
This map shows 1) significant clustering of tobacco outlets and exterior tobacco advertisements, 2) census tract–level poverty data for areas with more than 25% poverty based on 5-year American Community Survey estimates for 2008 through 2012; and 3) zip code–level smoking rate data from 2012 Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey. The map shows an overlap in these 3 layers in sections of North, South, and West Philadelphia.
Figure. Clustering of tobacco outlets and tobacco advertisements relative to high-poverty areas and zip codes with above-average smoking rates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2012. Ripley’s local K-function with search radii of 2,500 ft was used to test for significant clustering of outlets.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors’ affiliated institutions.