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Historical Context

Selected Milestones in Alcohol Research, Prevention and Surveillance

1970 Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act (also known as the Hughes Act) as signed into law and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism was established.
1971 First Special Report on Alcohol and Health presented to the U.S. Congress, summarized the cumulative body of alcohol research findings to date.
1977 First government health advisory on Fetal Alcoholism Spectrum Disorders was issued.
1980 Promoting Health, Preventing Disease. Objectives for the Nation was published. This was the Nation’s first set of national health objectives, which established a target date of 1990, and included objectives for reducing harmful levels of alcohol use).
1981 Surgeon General’s Advisory on Alcohol and Pregnancy was published.
1984 Enactment of the Minimum Legal Drinking Age Act, making 21 the minimum age that a person could buy or drink alcohol across all 50 states. Prior to this, drinking age varied by state.
1987 Alcohol Awareness Month (April) campaign launched by the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. (NCADD) to increase awareness and understanding of alcoholism, its causes, effective treatment and recovery.
1988 Alcoholic Beverage Labeling Act was passed, requiring that alcoholic beverage containers be labeled with health warnings about drinking during pregnancy and while operating a car or other machinery.
1989 Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) was initiated by NIAAA.
1990 Healthy People 2000 Health Objectives for the Nation was published. This was the second set of national health objectives, which established a target date of 2000, and included objectives for reducing risky alcohol use.
1999 First National Alcohol Screening Day
2000 10th Special Report to the U.S. Congress on Alcohol and Health. Presented evidence for the biological basis of alcoholism.
2000 Healthy People 2010 Health Objectives for the Nation was published. This was the third set of national health objectives, which established a target date of 2010, and included objectives for reducing risky alcohol use.
2007 The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking
2010 National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse celebrated 40 years of alcohol research.
2010 Healthy People 2020 Health Objectives for the Nation. (Launched Dec 2, 2010.) This was the fourth set of national health objectives, which established a target date of 2020. Included objectives for reducing risky alcohol use.
2010 CDC Vital Signs series was launched, with a number of issues focused on alcohol topics of public health interest (binge drinking, underage drinking, alcohol poisoning, alcohol and pregnancy).
2014 World Health Organization (WHO). Global status report on alcohol and health, p. XIII. 2014 ed. Published.

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